|During Project Design
||During the project design, the Ministries involved are as follow: Ministry of Finance (MoF), Ministry of Transport & Civil Aviation (MoTCA). Most of the rehabilitation work will be carried out on land already owned by the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism (MCAT), but will involve some minimal acquisition of residential structures, and a few households currently cultivating Government land will suffer temporary losses of income. The study included the 90 meters width required to establish a graded runaway strip for assessing the Project's social impacts. All the structures and land within this width were examined and a detailed socio-economic survey was conducted. The social assessment and public consultation has been carried out for all seven airports in phase I and a sample socioeconomic survey was conducted at three regional airports, namely, Bamyan, Faizabad, and Qalai-Naw.
|During Project Implementation
During project preparation, five levels of consultations were undertaken using a public information consultation tool. The first level was in Kabul at the national capital level with various funding agencies, research agencies, relevant international and local nongovernment organizations, and relevant ministries and Government departments. The second level was at the provincial level with provincial heads, local administrations, municipalities, agriculture departments, legal departments, airport authorities, cadastral departments, and relevant international and local nongovernment organizations. The third level was with community leaders and local educated people primarily to solicit information about natural resources, community facilities, and likely impacts of the Project. The fourth level was with affected communities. The fifth level included consultation with people potentially affected by the Project,
including women members of affected families on an individual level. Prior to these consultations, relevant information, such as a description of the Project and its objectives and an explanation of possible adverse effects of the proposed Project, were disseminated in a form and language meaningful to the groups consulted.
Major perceived benefits as identified during the community consultations were (i) reduced travel time; (ii) better access to public amenities; (iii) significant economic opportunities resulting from increased access to markets; (iv) benefits to local businesses from increased air traffic; and (v) increased regional development in terms of industry, tourism, and development of crafts industries. The major perceived losses included (i) loss of residential and agricultural properties; (ii) safety risks posed by increased numbers of aircraft; (iv) children's loss of playing areas following the fencing of airports; and (v) increased noise pollution. The results from the community consultation were taken into account during project planning and were incorporated into the preparation of the resettlement plan as well as the preparation of mitigation measures.