Initial environmental examinations show positive net environmental benefits. An environmental assessment and review framework has been prepared to guide environmental assessment of subprojects during implementation.
The provision of potable piped-water supply plus wastewater and SWM improvements will improve the environment in each participating town. The design involves simple, appropriate, low-cost technology and does not pose any significant adverse environmental consequences. Potential negative environmental impacts for each project are mainly short-term in nature during the construction period and can be easily minimized by the proposed mitigation measures and environmentally sound engineering and construction practices. An environmental assessment and review framework (EARF) was prepared following ADB procedures. For each PFR, the USCs will prepare initial environmental examinations (IEEs) or environmental impact assessments for each subproject or for groups of similar subprojects in the same subsector, as appropriate. The IEEs for the first tranche show no significant adverse environmental impacts. As these IEEs, including environment management plans, were prepared based on field reconnaissance survey and secondary reports, they will be improved during the detailed engineering design stage. ADB's review and clearance of the revised subproject IEE, including the environment management plan, will be a condition precedent for release of relevant tender documents.
Environmental subproject selection criteria ensure that the Investment Program will not have significant negative environmental impacts and will have no impacts on environmentally sensitive areas. Impacts that are potentially significant and/or irreversible will be avoided. Potential negative environmental impacts of typical subprojects are expected to be mostly localized and temporary. These impacts can largely be avoided through proper subproject design (particularly site selection) or through appropriate choice of water and wastewater treatment technologies and process design parameters. Alternatively, they can be mitigated through proper implementation of mitigation measures and environmental management. The EARF will help to ensure compliance with applicable government and ADB environmental requirements and guide the design and implementation of future subprojects. The safeguards cell of each USC will have an environmental safeguard specialist who, with assistance from an international environmental consultant, will apply the EARF. Training will be conducted by the international consultant to pertinent USC, PSU, and TMA staff.
ADB Safeguards team provided Safeguards training to NSUSC and PSU staff in April 2010.
||The Investment Program will minimize resettlement impacts by prioritizing rehabilitation and optimizing work within existing facilities. New construction is proposed on vacant government land where feasible. To ensure compliance with Government and ADB policies and requirements on involuntary resettlement, a land acquisition and resettlement framework (LARF) has been prepared in accordance with ADB's Policy on Involuntary Resettlement (1995), the applicable laws and regulations of Pakistan and Sindh Province, and the operational procedures for MFF processing. The LARF will guide the implementation of subprojects, outlining the objectives, policy principles, procedures for land acquisition (if required), compensation, and other assistance measures for affected persons. Land acquisition and resettlement plans (LARPs) for subprojects in tranche 1 is expected to have non-significant impacts and the tranche is categorized as B; short LARPs have been prepared accordingly. Appraisal of successive PFRs will require preparation of LARPs for all subprojects with land acquisition and resettlement issues, to be presented for ADB approval with submission of the PFR.