Cambodia: Tonle Sap Lowlands Rural Development Project

Sovereign Project | 37287-013

Summary

The Project will support community mobilization for formulation of development plans and implementation of small scale infrastructure to enhance rural incomes and thereby relieve pressures on the natural resource base of the Tonle Sap Basin. It will increase options for people to develop the necessary skills and to access additional financial resources to enable pursuit of new livelihood activities. The Project consists of three components: (i) improve rural infrastructure - (a) improvement and development of social infrastructure; (b) improvement of agricultural water management infrastructure; and (c) improvement of rural roads and communication infrastructure; (ii) increase livelihood options for rural communities - financial services and technical services; and (iii) project management.

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Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

Title Document Date
Tonle Sap Lowlands Rural Development Project Apr 2014

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Project Name Tonle Sap Lowlands Rural Development Project
Project Number 37287-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0092-CAM: Tonle Sap Lowlands Rural Development Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 9.90 million
Loan 2376-CAM: Tonle Sap Lowlands Rural Development Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 10.10 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural market infrastructure
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will support community mobilization for formulation of development plans and implementation of small scale infrastructure to enhance rural incomes and thereby relieve pressures on the natural resource base of the Tonle Sap Basin. It will increase options for people to develop the necessary skills and to access additional financial resources to enable pursuit of new livelihood activities. The Project consists of three components: (i) improve rural infrastructure - (a) improvement and development of social infrastructure; (b) improvement of agricultural water management infrastructure; and (c) improvement of rural roads and communication infrastructure; (ii) increase livelihood options for rural communities - financial services and technical services; and (iii) project management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Agriculture accounts for one third of Cambodia's gross domestic product (GDP) and is the main source of livelihood for nearly 80% of the population. Many of the people in the lowland rural communities that surround Tonle Sap depend on agriculture, but they are vulnerable to shocks. Accidents and ill health, seasonal shortages of rainfall (especially at the beginning of the rainy season), seasonal shortages of water (especially drinking water during the dry season), and food shortages resulting from shortfalls in the rice harvest (caused by an unreliable supply of water at the start and finish of both wet and dry rice crops) all increase the vulnerability of people in the lowlands.

Despite the richness of the lake, poverty rates in the basin are higher than in the country as a whole. Over 50% of households do not grow enough rice to meet their needs. Seasonal migration from lowland communities into the lake buffer zone, to supplement diets, risks overexploiting the lake and exacerbating existing pressures on its resources.

Irrigation is one of the 16 strategic priorities for national development, as a remedial measure to earlier developments which tend to be poorly designed or constructed on a scale that is difficult for communal maintenance. Many schemes now need urgent upgrading to support the needs of the communities. Furthermore, transport and water supply and sanitation infrastructure also require upgrading. Adoption of new agricultural practices and opportunities for off-farm employment in the lowlands are restricted by limited vocational education, poor financial services, and poor rural infrastructure.

The proposed Asian Development Fund (ADF) IX combined loan and grant will enable the Project to focus on community-driven development, linked with provincial level infrastructure investments and creation of new opportunities for on and off-farm employment to reduce poverty and vulnerability in one of the poorest regions of Cambodia.

Impact Improved livelihoods in selected communes increase economic activity and household incomes.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Rural populations use improved infrastructure and services in selected communes to increase economic

activity and household income.

Progress Toward Outcome By the end of December 2014, the overall physical progress was estimated at 95% against the elapsed loan and grant period of 88%. The cumulative contract awards were $9.77 million and $8.63 million, equivalent to 99% and 87% of the total loan and grant amounts, respectively. The cumulative disbursements were $9.36 million and $8.97 million, equivalent to 95% and 91% of the total loan and grant amounts, inclusive of advances to the imprest account, respectively.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Rural infrastructure is improved

2. Rural livelihood options increased

3. Project implementation effectively managed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

149 out of 152 small-scale subprojects have been completed in 40 targeted communes in three provinces. Construction progress for the remaining 3 sub-projects is estimated at 90%.

70 small businesses have been established.

31.3 km of main canals, 55.9 of secondary canals,

19.8 Km tertiary canal, and 697 structures small and large structures have been completed.

49 out of 57 subprojects in three target provinces have been completed. Eight other civil works subprojects are about 98% complete. The total irrigated areas rehabilitated by the project are 13,376 ha, which is 139% of the original target of 9,600 ha.

8 FWUGs have been established and another 14 are being established.

Construction works for 54 sub-projects to rehabilitate 205.91 km of roads have been completed, which is equivalent to 90% of the target of 230 km. Out of the 205.91 km, 84.7 km are road maintenance.

Nine road maintenance committee have been established. Other 21 are being formed.

Selected farmers in 40 communes of three project provinces have been trained to microfinance through self help groups and saving groups. 3,206 beneficiaries utilized local saving-led credit system.

Selected farmers in 40 communes have been sent to on-farm/off-farm trainings. 66% of the participants are women.

More than 30% women of participants have attended the trainings.

Over 200 project staff have been selected and trained

Late submissions of the inception and quarterly reports were observed in 2010, but the EA improved its submissions in 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.

Lengthy start-up delay due to complex project design. However, there is no problem for the Project to be completed on time.

Geographical Location Provinces of Kampong Chhang, Kampong Thom, and Pursat
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects No issue
Involuntary Resettlement No issue
Indigenous Peoples N.A
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design No issue
During Project Implementation No issue
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project requires a total of 31 person-months (pm) of international specialists and 204 pm of national specialists for a total of 235 pm to support the implementation and capacity building initiatives. Consultants have been selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. For the project management and implementation consultants, the PMU is responsible for the recruitment of a consulting firm using QCBS. The Project requires (i) international and national consultants to assist the PMU with project management and implementation; (ii) international and national training consultants to prepare and assist in the operation of the capacity building component; (iii) national consultants to assist the provincial agencies with community participation, provincial level planning, subproject identification and the preparation of the environmental assessments, resettlement plans; and (iv) national engineering consultants to prepare detailed engineering designs and supervise construction works.
Procurement All procurement for the Project carried out in compliance with Government's Standard Operating Procedures for Externally Assisted Projects. Procurement activities are mainly undertaken by the executive committee of the Provincial Rural Development Committee. Goods and works financed by ADB are procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.
Responsible ADB Officer Piseth Long
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and MeteorologyH.E. Veng Sakhonsakhonv@online.com.khMinistry of Water Resources and Meteorology, Phnom Penh
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 Oct 2006
Fact Finding 15 Mar 2007 to 27 Mar 2007
MRM 30 Aug 2007
Approval 05 Dec 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Apr 2006
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Grant 0092-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Dec 2007 18 Feb 2008 05 Nov 2008 30 Jun 2015 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 9.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 9.90 05 Dec 2007 9.09 0.00 92%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 05 Dec 2007 9.62 0.00 97%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - -

Loan 2376-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Dec 2007 18 Feb 2008 05 Nov 2008 30 Jun 2015 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 14.10 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.10 05 Dec 2007 9.57 0.00 97%
Counterpart 4.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 05 Dec 2007 9.84 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - -

Evaluation Documents

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