Tajikistan: Rural Development

Sovereign Project | 37530-013

Summary

The Project's expected impact is: farm and non-farm incomes of rural households are increased. The outcome of the Project is increased productivity of farms and rural enterprises in Faizabod, Rudaki, Rogun, Vahdat and Varzob within an environmentally sustainable management framework. The Project will support individual and cooperative dehkan farms, households, and private rural entrepreneurs.

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Project Name Rural Development
Project Number 37530-013
Country Tajikistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0072-TAJ: Rural Development
Asian Development Fund US$ 8.30 million
Loan 2313-TAJ: Rural Development
Asian Development Fund US$ 8.80 million
TA 4917-TAJ: Capacity Development for Planning and Management in Local Government
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
Grant 0111-TAJ: Rural Development Project
Global Environment Facility US$ 3.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural market infrastructure - Rural water supply services
Finance - Inclusive finance
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The Project's expected impact is: farm and non-farm incomes of rural households are increased. The outcome of the Project is increased productivity of farms and rural enterprises in Faizabod, Rudaki, Rogun, Vahdat and Varzob within an environmentally sustainable management framework. The Project will support individual and cooperative dehkan farms, households, and private rural entrepreneurs.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy ADB's assistance to agriculture, natural resources, and rural development has focused on emergency assistance; rehabilitation of drainage and irrigation, especially in cotton-growing areas; water supply; cotton debt assessment; and related institutional developments. ADB's current country strategy emphasizes rural development as a key priority in creating a better environment for more inclusive growth; increased productivity and profitability in the rural sector; institution building to strengthen policy implementation and encourage private sector activities and improvements in infrastructure (irrigation and transport).
Impact Farm and nonfarm incomes of rural households increased
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Productivity of farms and rural enterprises in five project raions increased within an environmentally sustainable management framework
Progress Toward Outcome

The project outcome is improved farm productivity. The project impact survey draft report measured 2014 yields compared to DMF targets as follows:

Wheat 2.2 t/ha : DMF target rainfed 1.7 t/ha, irrigated 3.8 t/ha

Potatoes 25.3 t/ha; DMF target rainfed 12.5 t/ha, irrigated 29.5 t/ha

Orchards 2.6 t/ha; DMF target rainfed 1.5 t/ha; irrigated 4.2 t/ha

Fodder 26.4 t/ha; DMF target rainfed 24 t/ha; irrigated 48 t/ha

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Policy and Institutional Development and Reform

1.1 Land use rights secured

1.2 Policies and institutions for pasture lands improved

1.3 Administration and institutional aspects of business development improved

2. Sustainable Land Management (Pasture, Arable, and Forest)

2.1 Pasture and livestock planning and management skills demonstrated

2.2 Capacity for effective land management improved

2.3 Degraded lands rehabilitated

3. Agriculture and Rural Business Support

3.1 Demand-driven farm and rural business advisory services established and sustainably operated

3.2 Market information system operational

4. Rural Infrastructure Development

4.1 Raion and jamoat infrastructure planning and maintenance capacity improved

4.2 Raion and community infrastructure improved with sustainable O&M arrangements

5. Project Management

5.1 Project managed effectively

5.2 Project monitored and evaluated effectively

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The project will close on 30 September 2014. At the June 2014 review mission physical implementation was 94% against elapsed time of 97% since the project was approved. The last major project contract/activity was a project impact survey, of which a draft report was submitted in early-September 2014. A description of progress in implementing project activities by output follows:

Output 1.1 Land rights secured

All activities were completed as part of the Rushdie Dehot (Contract 8), which was completed on 15 December 2011, and PMU activities. ACTED (Contracts 4&5) further developed some of the activities for this output.

Output 1.2 Policies and institutions for pasture lands improved

All activities were completed as part of the GITEC (Contract 3) work. The main achievements were an international conference, development of a sector assessment, and government adoption of a pasture law.

Output 1.3: Administrative and institutional aspects of business development improved

All activities were completed. PMU submitted report in March 2010 on costs of business interference by raion authorities, and carried out various trainings.

Output 2.1: Pasture and livestock planning and management skills demonstrated

GITEC completed all activities as designed including establishment of pasture user committees and demonstration sites.

Output 2.2: Capacity for effective land management

Following failure to contract a bidder for contract 3, GITEC accepted responsibility and included the activities (on a reduced scale) into Contract 2. Apart from the establishment of a network of collaborative institutions, which was partly achieved, all activities were completed.

Output 2.3: Degraded lands rehabilitated

GITEC was responsible for these activities. The assessment of degraded arable land was partly achieved. The remaining activities were achieved, including establishment of demonstration sites, agroforestry and nurseries.

Output 3.1: Demand-driven farm and rural business advisory services

ADB advised the Government on 14 February 2014 cancellation of the $4.1 million credit line activity (activity 3.1.6). This was made on the basis that there was limited project impact from implementing the credit line at such a late stage given (i) the other activities that the credit line was to complement were completed, and (ii) there was insufficient implementation time remaining in the project.

ACTED completed the remaining activities in this output including establishing advisory centers.

Output 3.2: Market information system operational

The activities for this output were completed. ACTED undertook a market appraisal of market chains in Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan, and Turkey.

Output 4.1: Raion and jamoat infrastructure planning and maintenance capacity

All activities were completed by the PMU including establishing community groups to develop subprojects, develop subsector plans, and undertake community training.

Output 4.2: Raion and community infrastructure improved with sustainable operation and maintenance arrangements

This output was partly achieved, with 23 out of 32 approved subprojects completed, while 4 contracts were declared misprocurement by ADB, and 5 bid evaluations were not supported and thus not contracted.

Output 5.1: Project managed effectively

The activities in this output were completed. International and national consultants were recruited, financial management system was established, and relevant QCBS and NCB contracts were prepared and contracted.

Output 5.2: Project monitored and evaluated effectively

Most activities were completed including establishing a M&E system, submission of reports, and undertaking a baseline survey. The final report of the project impact assessment survey will be submitted by 30 September 2014.

Geographical Location Faizabod, Rudaki, Rogun, Vahdat and Varzob.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An IEE has been prepared. The Project is not likely to cause any significant negative environmental impact. It is likely to have a significant positive impact on soil and water resources, grassland productivity, watershed condition, agricultural development, and institutional development. The environmental management plan (EMP) outlines environmental mitigation measures and monitoring requirements. Budgets for environmental staff and environment assessment and monitoring activities have been included. The EMP is to be revised, as necessary, during project inception. Specific environmental assessment and review procedures have been developed, and included in the EMP, for the environmental assessment of rural infrastructure projects during implementation.
Involuntary Resettlement The investments of the type and size anticipated under the Project are not expected to have any significant land acquisition or resettlement impact. Given the possibility of minor land acquisition for the construction or rehabilitation of community and raion infrastructure, and the likelihood of impact on productive assets, particularly on agricultural land through irrigation rehabilitation, a resettlement framework has been prepared. When subprojects are designed and impacts identified, a short resettlement plan will be prepared according to the resettlement framework.
Indigenous Peoples

In the project area, more than 11% (62,617) of the population is of ethnic minority origin. The major ethnic minority is the ethnic Uzbek group, which accounts for more than 98% (61,365) of the ethnic population. However, more than 70% (43,616) of the ethnic Uzbek minority is found in the non-cotton-growing jamoats of Rudaki, 27% (16,723) in Vahdat, and the remaining 3% in Varzob. Other smaller ethnic minority groups include Russians (found in very small numbers in each of the project raions and primarily married to ethnic Tajik), Kyrgyz, and Ukrainians

A range of specific actions targeted at ethnic minority groups have been designed to ensure they will also benefit proportionately from the Project. These include: (i) the use of facilitators fluent in the Uzbek language, (ii) the inclusion of at least one ethnic Uzbek facilitator, where necessary, among community-based facilitators in local communities; (iii) the hiring of a national gender and social development specialist with an understanding of ethnic minority development issues, to spend up to 30% of the consulting assignment supporting ethnic Uzbek communities; and (iv) budget support specifically for the monitoring of project impact on ethnic minority groups, including the use of participatory techniques to ensure the active involvement of ethnic minority stakeholders in the monitoring and evaluation of project benefits.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A long-term planning approach is proposed to ensure the maximum participation of government agencies and potential beneficiaries, and other relevant stakeholders such as NGOs and other donors likely to be involved in implementation.
During Project Implementation The project has significant stakeholder participation with local communities in developing plans for identifying rural infrastrastrucure needs, training of communities, developing demonstration farms and sites.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The Project will provide 2,260 person-months of consulting services, to be provided by international (184 person-months) and national consultants (2,076 person-months). The consultants will be selected under separate consulting-firm contracts for: pasture land sector assessment and implementation; the development of curricula and capacity in pasture land management at an educational institution; agriculture and rural business advisory services; the establishment of a market information system; and project management. The consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2006, as amended from time to time). The selection will be based on full technical proposals and quality for the first two contracts, and on

quality and cost for the other three contracts.

Procurement

Goods, related services, and civil works will be procured according to ADB's Procurement Guidelines (April 2006, as amended from time to time).:

Infrastructure civil works $4,200,000 (NCB)

Responsible ADB Officer Binsar P. Tambunan
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of AgricultureUsmon Sabzovpmu-rdp@mail.tjThe Republic of Tajikistan Dushanbe City, Project Management Unit "Rural Development Project" Rudaki Avenue-44
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Aug 2005
Fact Finding 10 Jul 2006 to 03 Aug 2006
MRM 11 Sep 2006
Approval 29 Jan 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 29 Mar 2008
Last PDS Update 24 Sep 2014

Grant 0072-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jan 2007 16 Apr 2007 14 Sep 2007 30 Sep 2014 - 12 Feb 2015
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 8.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 8.30 29 Jan 2007 7.63 0.00 92%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Jan 2007 7.63 0.00 92%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Grant 0111-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 May 2008 08 May 2009 08 May 2009 30 Sep 2014 - 12 Feb 2015
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 15 May 2008 0.00 2.36 88%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.50 15 May 2008 0.00 2.36 88%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Loan 2313-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jan 2007 16 Apr 2007 14 Sep 2007 30 Sep 2014 - 12 Feb 2015
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 11.65 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 8.80 29 Jan 2007 2.95 0.00 100%
Counterpart 2.85 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Jan 2007 2.95 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

TA 4917-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jan 2007 12 Feb 2007 12 Feb 2007 31 Jan 2010 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 29 Jan 2007 0.00
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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