The Government issued Resolution No PP-698 of 26 Sep 2007 to reduce the quota to 25% for cotton and wheat. Criterion for assessment of land productivity is soil bonitet point, identified by 100-point scale within certain land plot in a farm. It is based on soil texture, soil humus content, degree of soil salinity, soil density, stone and gypsum content, gravel layer and groundwater table depth and other indices of soil conditions. Soil bonitet points are identified by departments of the State land cadastre committee (Goskomzemgeodezkadastr) based on results of soil survey, which in turn are the basis for estimation of cadastral crop yields. Cadastral cotton and wheat yields are calculated on the basis of 0.4 and 0.6 center/ha for one soil bonitet point.
By the end of 2014, difference between domestic listed price for cotton and international one was decreased by 15.3% as compared with prices in 2007. Thus, if in 2007, difference in prices was 41.4%, in 2014, it was decreased to 26.1%.
Difference between domestic price for wheat and international one was also decreased by 26.5% as compared with prices in 2007. Thus, if in 2007, difference in prices was 63.4%, in 2014, it was decreased to 36.9%.
Government interests in state order production create certain conditions for producers. Amongst them are financial conditions, including preferential financing, tax and customs privileges for procurement of goods, material resources and services associated with state order production. Difference between world and domestic procurement prices acts as Financial interest of the Government. Difference between domestic and world procurement prices for grain enables the Government to provide population with grain processing products on more affordable prices. Government's Financial interest from cotton, gained in years with favorable market trends, is spent to support agricultural producers during unfavorable market years, creating a kind of security fund. Hence, stability of production is ensured. It is very important for agriculture. Stability provided by such security fund, decreases the side effects of market mechanism significantly.
Crop husbandry technologies for sustainable land and water resources management were introduced on land area of 245.4 ha. This work was commenced in 2013. Around 3-4 years will be required to achieve general results in agriculture.
Based on efficiency of these measures and interest from private farms these crop husbandry technologies will be introduced on a larger scale.
In total 55 training sessions on various topics have been conducted under the Project. Total number of participants is 1 498 persons.
29 training sessions with the total number of participants of 559 persons have been conducted under GEF component.
RRA has conducted 16 trainings with the total number of participants of 939 persons.
Introduction of crop rotation in Project area allowed increasing land area under alternative crops up to 11,869 ha. including 3,744 ha in Bukhara province, 3,147 ha in Navoi province and 4,78 ha in Kashkadarya province.
The MAWR management and O&M capacity is being upgraded through trainings and workshops.
Planned volumes of water supply to the Project area was 3,060.2 mln. m3. Limit of water supply was 2,495.9 mln. m3. Actual delivered water volume was 2,370.0 mln. m3, or 95%.
Planned volume of water supply to the Project districts in Bukhara province was 962.9 mln. m3. Limit of water supply was 850.1 mln. m3. Actual delivered water volume was 875.4 mln. m3, or 103%.
Planned volume of water supply to the Project districts in Kashkadarya province was 1.517.9 mln. m3. Limit of water supply was 1,131.0 mln. m3. Actual delivered water volume was 993.9 mln. m3, or 87.9%.
Planned volume of water supply to the Project districts in Navoi province was 579.4 mln. m3. Limit of water supply was 514.8 mln. m3. Actual delivered water volume was 500.6 mln. m3, or 97.2%.
Currently there are 47 WUAs within the Project area with total land area of 98,672 ha.
17 WUAs in Bukhara province with the total land area of 27,291ha, 9 WUAs in Kashkadarya province with the total land area of 25,081ha, and 21 WUAs in Navoi province with the total land area of 46,300ha.
Currently WUA as a new institution still has its problems and shortcomings. The main shortcomings are: turnover of employees, lack of material and technical base, weak financial position due to poor collection of WUA service fees. There is a formal attitude to preparation of business plan and its approval on general assembly. However, there are some positive trends; for example, gradual improvement of WUA creditability amongst farmers. Farmers are beginning to understand that WUA is a key organization not only in water distribution but also in ensuring proper operation of on-farm I&D systems.
Based on data from interim certification of completed works, efficiency of irrigation systems is 54%.
Based on data from interim certification of completed works, land area with medium salinity has decreased to 13,170 h0.
Based on data from interim certification of completed works, land area with poor drainage has decreased to 60,680 ha.
International Consultant and Project Management Office monitor Project implementation, as well as Project impact indicators, such as:
- progress with completion of construction works (length of rehabilitated collectors, number of rehabilitated/constructed structures, completed earthwork quantities);
- Change in crop yields in Project area;
- Change in land salinity degree in Project area;
- Implementation of Gender Actions Plan