China, People's Republic of: Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project

Sovereign Project | 37603-013

Summary

The Project will help Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu Province, in (i) reducing water pollution; (ii) protecting water resources; (iii) reducing economic losses and disruption

to livelihoods from frequent localized flooding; (iv) promoting sustainable economic development; (v) improving the environment, living conditions, and public health standards; (vi) developing an integrated wastewater and sludge management system; and (vii) improving service efficiency through increased competition and private sector participation.

The Project includes 10 major activities grouped into six components: (i) Inner Qinhuai River sewerage and water replenishment, (ii) City East wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and sewerage system, (iii) North HeXi District sewerage, river improvement, and water replenishment, (iv) stormwater drainage, (v) sludge treatment and disposal component, and

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Project Name Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project
Project Number 37603-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2297-PRC: Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The Project will help Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu Province, in (i) reducing water pollution; (ii) protecting water resources; (iii) reducing economic losses and disruption

to livelihoods from frequent localized flooding; (iv) promoting sustainable economic development; (v) improving the environment, living conditions, and public health standards; (vi) developing an integrated wastewater and sludge management system; and (vii) improving service efficiency through increased competition and private sector participation.

The Project includes 10 major activities grouped into six components: (i) Inner Qinhuai River sewerage and water replenishment, (ii) City East wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and sewerage system, (iii) North HeXi District sewerage, river improvement, and water replenishment, (iv) stormwater drainage, (v) sludge treatment and disposal component, and

(vi) institutional development. All components of the Project contribute to significantly improving water quality of the Qinhuai River, which empties into the Yangtze River. The Project supports the Government's 11th Five-Year Plan, which includes goals of improving living conditions and health in cities and promoting their sustainable economic development.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Nanjing comprises 11 districts and two counties and is strategically located at the confluence of the Qinhuai and Changjiang rivers or Yangtze River basin (YRB), in eastern PRC. Nanjing municipality has a population of 6.4 million, and an urban center population of 4.5 million. Rapid economic growth in Nanjing over the past 20 years has placed increased

pressure on the environment and city infrastructure. The Qinhuai River is 110 kilometers (km) long and flows through the urban districts of Nanjing before joining the YRB. Water quality in the lower 34 km of the Qinhuai River has deteriorated significantly in the past 10 years mainly due to wastewater discharge from the city; it currently fails to achieve class V of the PRC water quality standards.

The lack of sufficient wastewater collection and treatment facilities and the increasingly severe problems related to water pollution and urban drainage have resulted in serious water quality problems in the Qinhuai River. This has resulted in significant deterioration of water quality in the Nanjing section of the YRB. NMG is implementing the city's strategic

wastewater master plan to meet national environmental targets and achieve a wastewater treatment rate of 85% by 2010. The proposed Project is an integrated part of the basin-wide Yangtze water resources management initiative, the Nanjing city urban development plan, the Nanjing municipal wastewater master plan, and the Nanjing stormwater drainage master plan. The Project will provide the 10% additional capacity critical to achieving the city's target for 2010 of treating 85% of the wastewater generated compared with the current rate of 75%.

The high intensity of rainfall in Nanjing places the urban drainage system under stress; sewers overflow and become major sources of water pollution. Flooding in urban areas is often serious because of the inadequately maintained drainage network and pumping stations with insufficient capacity. Nanjing does not have a consistent sludge treatment and disposal scheme. Historically, the Qinhuai River's tributaries were interconnected with sufficient flow capacity, but siltation has greatly reduced flows from these waterways. At some locations flow is completely blocked, aggravating flooding and water pollution. Augmentation of river flow, and improved flood control and water quality are urgently needed

through (i) river dredging, (ii) river bank stabilization and erosion control, (iii) river water diversion and replenishment, and (iv) restoration of the degraded urban wetland area. By significantly improving the water quality in the Qinhuai River from the current class V to class IV by 2011, the Project will complement the Wuhan Wastewater Management Project,

Wuhan Wastewater and Stormwater Management Project, and Suzhou Creek Rehabilitation Project, which all contribute to reducing pollution in the YRB. Since the drinking water intakes of Nanjing and other major cities downstream are from the Yangtze River, the Project will also contribute to protecting the drinking water source.

Impact Improved urban environment, public health the quality of life for urban residents and businesses in Nanjing City.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved management of surface water resources in Nanjing city (contributing to the achievement of Millennium Development Goal 7, target 10)
Progress Toward Outcome Inner Qinhuai River, North Hexi, City East and stormwater drainage components are completed. Sludge treatment and disposal component cancelled. Institutional capacity building completed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved sewerage and water replenishment in the Inner Qinhuai River in urban areas of Nanjing

2. Improved and expanded wastewater services in East City urban area of Nanjing

3. Improved sewerage, river improvement and water replenishment in the North He Xi District, in urban Nanjing

4. Reduced flooding in the storm water drainage areas of the districts of Baixia, Gulou, Qinhuai, Xiaguan, and Xuanwu in urban Nanjing

5. Comprehensive improvement in sludge treatment and disposal.

6. Institutional capacity building for project management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed.

Completed.

Completed.

Completed.

18 km of river widening completed

WWTP commercial operation started in Nov 2010; 200,000 m3/day treatment capacity achieved

33 ha wetland park completed

9.8 km of South River completed

14,000 m3 silt dredged.

9.2 km completed;

1.514 km pipeline completed;

South River PS capacity is 5 m3/s

To be assessed at project completion

16 stormwater drain outlets completed

34 km of stormwater pipelines completed

Cancelled.

Consultants provided support to NMG, PMO and IAs through trainings on financial management, environment, resettlement, PPMS and other aspects of project implementation.

Geographical Location Nanjing
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Category A. A summary of the environmental impact assessment was circulated to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Board along with the environmental management plan on 2 August 2006, and uploaded onto the ADB website on 3 August 2006.
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The poverty and social assessment utilized a number of participation processes to solicit the input of a cross section of stakeholders. In addition to the socioeconomic survey of 655 households, a range of community meetings were held with both women and men in different parts of the city to discuss, in an open-ended manner, topics related to the Project but not specifically covered in the socioeconomic survey. A number of key informant interviews were held with various bureaus, nongovernment organizations, women's federation, past and ongoing projects in complementary areas, etc. to inform project design. Formulation of resettlement plans used separate socioeconomic surveys, community meetings, opinion surveys, and impact studies from April to June 2006, involving more than 500 people.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services About 31 person-months of international and consultants and 100 person-months of national consultants, to be funded under the Project, will be required to support the NPMO and IAs in project implementation and capacity building. Consulting services will be provided in the following specific areas: (i) development of a sludge management strategy for Nanjing; (ii) investigation and control of inflow and infiltration into the wastewater collection network, (iii) construction supervision, quality control, and related monitoring of progress during project implementation, (iv) monitoring of resettlement, (v) improvement of stormwater and sewerage management, (vi) improvement of flood protection systems, (vii) assistance with PSP initiatives, (viii) financial management, and (ix) operation and maintenance improvements. The consulting firm will be recruited in accordance with Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers using the quality and cost-based selection method and requesting full technical proposals.
Procurement ADB-financed equipment, materials and goods, civil works and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Procurement will be coursed through international competitive bidding, national competitive bidding, or shopping procedures as determined by the particular circumstances of each contract package. In accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines, foreign contractors may participate in bidding for national competitive bidding contracts.
Responsible ADB Officer Antonio Ressano Garcia
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Nanjing Municipal GovernmentNo.41 Easten Beijing Road,Nanjing 210008
Jiangsu Province, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 29 Aug 2005
Fact Finding 14 Aug 2006 to 23 Aug 2006
MRM 26 Sep 2006
Approval 18 Dec 2006
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 31 Mar 2006
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Loan 2297-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Dec 2006 16 Apr 2007 11 Jul 2007 30 Jun 2012 31 Dec 2014 10 Apr 2015
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 236.10 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 18 Dec 2006 100.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 136.10 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Dec 2006 100.00 0.00 100%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: 2013 Environmental Monitoring Report Environmental Monitoring Reports Nov 2014
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2012) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2013
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Semiannual Resettlement Report (July - December 2011) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2012
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2011) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2012
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2010) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2011
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Semi-annual Resettlement Report (January to June 2010) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2010
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2009) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2010
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2009) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2010
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 5 Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2009
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 5 Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2009
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2008) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2009
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Semi-annual Resettlement Report (July-December 2008) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2009
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 3 Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2008
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 3 Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2008
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Semi-annual Resettlement Report (July-December 2007) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2008
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2007) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2008
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (2007) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2008
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Semi-annual Resettlement Report (July-December 2007) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2008
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: City East Sewage Water Treatment System Component Resettlement Plans Nov 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Sludge Treatment & Disposal Plant Component Resettlement Plans Nov 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Inner Qinhuai River Sewerage & Water Replenishing Component Resettlement Plans Nov 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Sludge Treatment & Disposal Plant Component Resettlement Plans Nov 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Inner Qinhuai River Sewerage & Water Replenishing Component Resettlement Plans Nov 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: City East Sewage Water Treatment System Component Resettlement Plans Nov 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Sludge Treatment & Disposal Plant Component (Draft) Resettlement Plans Sep 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project: Sludge Treatment & Disposal Plant Component (Draft) Resettlement Plans Sep 2006
Nanjing Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement Project Environmental Assessment and Measures Jul 2006

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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