Lao People's Democratic Republic: Sustainable Agroforestry Systems for Livelihood Enhancement of the Rural Poor

Sovereign Project | 37650-022

Summary

The national government, through the Luang Namtha provincial government, requested assistance through ADB to inaugurate sustainable approaches for reducing poverty and to introduce proactive measures to enable local communities to partake of the potential economic advantages of Route 3 upgrading, while shielding them from the potentially adverse impacts of rapid modernization.

The Project focuses on the development of sedentarized and intensified agro-forestry livelihood systems that will lift farm family awareness and productivity sufficiently to enable confident and equitable engagement in the economic opportunities afforded by Route 3 upgrading.

Latest Project Documents


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Project Name Sustainable Agroforestry Systems for Livelihood Enhancement of the Rural Poor
Project Number 37650-022
Country Lao People's Democratic Republic
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9062-LAO: Sustainable Agro-Forestry Systems of Livelihood Enhancement for Rural Poor
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The national government, through the Luang Namtha provincial government, requested assistance through ADB to inaugurate sustainable approaches for reducing poverty and to introduce proactive measures to enable local communities to partake of the potential economic advantages of Route 3 upgrading, while shielding them from the potentially adverse impacts of rapid modernization.

The Project focuses on the development of sedentarized and intensified agro-forestry livelihood systems that will lift farm family awareness and productivity sufficiently to enable confident and equitable engagement in the economic opportunities afforded by Route 3 upgrading.

The project will consist of the following components: (i) agricultural land development for sedentarization and intensification, (ii) establishment of tree plantations, rehabilitation, and protection of local forest, (iii) skills enhancement for the productive management of upgraded agricultural and forest lands, and (iv) project management, monitoring, auditing, evaluation and dissemination.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Local people in the target area predominantly practiced shifting cultivation. Shifting cultivators have extreme difficulty in producing a significant surplus for trade, especially if population grows. In addition, continuing traditional long-cycle shifting cultivation, even if there were sufficient land to do so, poses risks to land occupancy security as this type of cultivation does not secure formal land occupancy certification. Therefore, to lift ethnic households practicing shifting cultivation out of poverty and enable them to partake of the opportunities and protect them from key negative consequences of road upgrading, the best option was to sedentarize agriculture under intensive yet sustainable permanent land-use systems because this would significantly improve family farm productivity and pave the way for official land occupancy certification, thus securing land tenure. The nine villages, which were previously isolated and vulnerable ethnic minority communities along upgraded Route 3, and which were most likely to be exposed to these associated potential negative consequences, were selected as the target area.
Impact To bring about socially, environmentally, and ecologically sustainable rural poverty reduction.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome To stabilize land use in a typical pilot area comprising nine impoverished ethnic minority communities in one subcatchment area in northern Lao PDR.
Progress Toward Outcome Progress towards outcome was partly successful due to delay in implementation caused by the replacement of the NGO.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Agricultural land developed for sedentarisasion and intensification.

Local forests rehabilitated and protected.

Skills enhanced for the productive management of upgraded agricultural and forest lands.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

7 irrigation schemes were constructed or upgraded. This covers 35 hectares of existing paddy and 40 hectares of new paddy field.

A water users' group has been established for each of the systems. An operation and maintenance manual for small irrigation schemes developed.

9 hectares of village use forest is rehabilitated on a pilot basis.

1,371 farmers have participated in training for non-timber forest product and integrated agriculture and other farming practices.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Minimal or no adverse environmental impacts envisaged.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement impacts envisaged.
Indigenous Peoples No negative impacts on indigenous peoples envisaged.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project was prepared based on the results of an intensive participatory socioeconomic survey and land-use planning campaign in each target village, eliciting informed opinions of all stakeholders. Villagers' involvement was solicited from the earliest stages of project preparation for target communities to have a sense of project ownership.
During Project Implementation Various consultations with beneficial farmers have been conducted through village development committees and interest groups in the nine villages. The project coordination committee comprising representatives of key stakeholders have convened periodically to oversight the progress of the project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting services have been completed.
Procurement Procurement for civil works and goods/equipment has been completed.
Responsible ADB Officer Kazuhiro Watanabe
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Provincial Government of LuangnamthaH. E. Vice-Governor Singkham PhanthavongProvincial Governor's Office Luang Namtha Province Lao PDR
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 31 May 2004 to 04 Jun 2004
MRM -
Approval 04 Jan 2005
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2012

Grant 9062-LAO

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Jan 2005 17 Jun 2005 17 Jun 2005 31 Dec 2008 31 Jan 2011 15 Jun 2012
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 04 Jan 2005 0.00 1.43 95%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 1.50 04 Jan 2005 0.00 1.43 95%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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