Afghanistan: Integrated Community Development in Northern Afghanistan

Sovereign Project | 37713-012 Status: Closed

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Project Name Integrated Community Development in Northern Afghanistan
Project Number 37713-012
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9038-AFG: Integrated Community Development in Northern Afghanistan
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 3.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description To enhance the living standards of communities in northern Afghanistan through social and economic development. The project purpose is to enable communities to participate in and make informed choices leading to social development and sustainable livelihoods. The project outputs, which will lead to attainment of the purpose, include (i) participatory decision- making structures at the community level; (ii) key infrastructure - e.g. water pipelines, link roads - to promote the production and/or sale of goods and services; (iii) availability of timely and effective extension services and inputs to foster growth in the forestry-horticulture sector; and (iv) access to credit and marketing knowledge through a community based micro- finance facility to help create micro-enterprises. While the outputs and, in turn, the purpose are directly attributable to the project, the goal is a broader objective that the project aims to contribute to, along with other programs and projects in Afghanistan.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Although Afghanistan has always been a relatively poor country, the socioeconomic and agrarian landscape has deteriorated much over the last two decades: agricultural land was heavily mined, irrigation schemes and roads fell into disrepair, bridges were destroyed and natural resources such as forests and pastures were depleted. These conditions were further exacerbated by a 3-year drought (1999-2001), which further destroyed crops, and livestock and diminished surface water and groundwater resources, especially sources of potable water. These conditions have called for substantial investment in rehabilitation, and even more so in reconstruction. However, Afghanistan's financial resources are meager. In SY 1381 (21 March 2001 20 March 2002), aid agencies funded 60% of the recurrent budget of $324.8 million, and the entire development budget of $1.7 billion.14 The development budget includes contributions from the $150 million Post-conflict Multisector Program loan from ADB. In addition, the government borrowed another $150 million from ADB in June 2003 for the EIRRP. The reason the proposed activities cannot be financed under the EIRRP is that the loan focuses on reviving key physical infrastructure such as all weather roads, gas production and distribution schemes, and electricity transmission lines, and not on building social capital. The loan components are aimed at reviving industrial growth, and direct benefit at the community and/or household level is therefore limited. For instance, electricity and gas distribution will benefit only communities that live in the metropolises of Kabul, Mazar-e-Sharif, and Shebergan. Road construction will offer employment opportunities, that will most likely not include any women due to social constraints on women's participation. The use of grant funds to invest directly in community development will enhance the returns to the EIRRP project. It will lead to revitalization of the horticulture-forestry, and livestock sectors, while thematically it will contribute to social development, private sector development, as well as gender empowerment.

Poverty reduction in project area

Enhance the living standards of communities in northern Afghanistan through social and economic development with the purpose to enable communities to participate in and make choices leading to social development and sustainable livelihoods.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

40 village organizations established by June 2005.

70% of a community with access to improved resources and making use of the infrastructure built under the project by June 2007

Progress Toward Outcome The project is physically closed and the imprest account has been liquidated. The Final Statement of Eligible Expenditures (FSEC) was issued. The FSEC was approved and the grant account was closed in March 2013.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Balkh and Samangan
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Community organizations will be formed with membership of at least 70% of the community. However, the project recognized that inclusive membership, although a prerequisite, is not sufficient to ensure participation, as marginalized groups may lack the confidence to speak up or may be fearful of letting their true views be known. The project will address these obstacles by utilizing social organizers who are trained to "encourage" people, or by presenting the interests of certain groups, such as women, to other members of the community.
During Project Implementation Communities will participate in developing a 3-5 year-development plan. They will thus have a definite role in the use of resources provided under this project. Third, by participating in monitoring and impact evaluation of the project, communities will develop the capability to plan and analyze the outcomes of certain choices made, and to consider appropriate alternatives in the future. Throughout project implementation, social organizers will monitor the evolution of participation over the course of the project and strengthen the process where needed.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A total of 90 person-months of consulting services and 4-5 implementing NGOs will be required. ADB will directly engage 12 person-months of international and 78 person-months domestic consultants.

Procurement under the project will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. INGOs will seek approval from the PIU-consultants for any procurement costing more than $10,000. Where major savings are possible, equipment and supplies will be

packaged into one larger contract.

Since community involvement is envisaged in infrastructure development/civil works and natural resource development, communities will procure goods and materials in line with ADB's Guide on Community Participation in Procurement 3 (Appendix 2, PAI 3.05), as well as the procurement guidelines established for the NSP.

Responsible ADB Officer Mohammad Hanif Ayubi
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
Wais Ahmad Barmak, Minister
Darul Aman Road, Nila Bagh Street, Kabul, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 03 Sep 2003 to 20 Sep 2003
Approval 26 Dec 2003
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2013

Grant 9038-AFG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Dec 2003 18 Mar 2004 18 Mar 2004 31 Dec 2007 30 Apr 2008 05 Mar 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 26 Dec 2003 0.00 1.42 47%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.00 26 Dec 2003 0.00 1.42 47%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Integrated Community Development in Northern Afghanistan Grant Assistance Reports Dec 2003

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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