||It comprises irrigation system modernization, WUA strengthening, and rehabilitation of embankments. Initial environmental examinations have been prepared for all subprojects and an environmental assessment and review framework prepared for the MFF. Environmental impacts are positive, including improved water availability, water use efficiency, and increased agricultural production. Institutional strengthening for IWRM will deliver further benefits through river basin management. Potential negative impacts include deterioration of water quality due to agriculture intensification, and impacts during construction of infrastructure. These are mitigated by introducing integrated pest management and effective soil nutrient management, and ensuring safe and environmentally sound construction with environmental monitoring (sampling and reporting) to the PIM-CAD Directorate.
DOWR prepared a resettlement plan (RP) for the Mahanadi Chitropola Island subproject in 2011; the subproject will be constructed with tranche 2 resources but the RP was prepared and implemented using tranche 1 resources. DOWR prepared RPs for Macchagaon, Pattamundai and HLC Range-1 (major) subprojects in 2014. All four RPs were disclosed in accordance with the SPS, and meaningful consultation and information disclosure was conducted with affected people. The main IR impact will be loss of assets (residential, commercial and common property structures) and livelihoods of non-titleholders on existing canal embankments. Land acquisition of 45 ha will occur in Mahanadi Chitropola Island subproject, and the remaining IR is on existing land. The number of affected households is 811 in Macchagaon, 834 in Pattamundai, 302 in HLC Range-1, and 1149 in Mahanadi Chitropola Island, for a total of 3096 affected households. DOWR will compensate all affected households for loss of structures and income restoration.
DOWR demonstrated adequate institutional capacity and commitment for managing social risks during the implementation of the Mahanadi Chitropola Island RP. The resettlement framework prepared for the investment program was revised to be consistent with the SPS and outlines the objectives, policy, principles, and procedures for land acquisition, resettlement compensation, and other assistance measures for affected persons. A grievance redress committee will be constituted for each subproject, comprising the Project Director, PMU Resettlement Officer, resettlement specialist of the project management consultants, representative from local CSOs, elected representative from Municipality / Panchayat as observers, representatives of affected persons including vulnerable groups and women in the committee. The PMU will monitor RP implementation with assistance from the construction supervision consultants. Safeguards reporting from the PMU to ADB will be done on a semi-annual basis.
|During Project Design
||A participatory process was used during the preparation of the investment program. Consultations were carried out with women, the landless, scheduled tribes & other vulnerable groups in the subproject areas using participatory rapid rural appraisal techniques. An inventory of local needs was prepared, covering problems/ constraints on (i) water resources in relation to agriculture, fisheries, transport, environment, & other uses; (ii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified including their positive & negative impact on various local interest groups; (iii) implications of solutions for poverty reduction; & (iv) prioritizing water resources needs compared with other development needs. The role of service providers, people s willingness to contribute to O&M, & the scope of enhancing impacts of water interventions with others such as micro credit, & extension services were also discussed. Non-government organizations were engaged to facilitate this process. This process identified the future actions to institutionalize community participation in the expected implementation areas.
|During Project Implementation
||Farmer beneficiaries are involved at each stage of subproject planning and implementation and take the lead role in command area development and sub-minor canal construction works. Detailed micro-plans are prepared by each WUAs, covering agriculture, livelihood enhancement, organizational development, and O&M and water management. Women and other vulnerable groups receive support to ensure their meaningful participation in all subproject activities.