India: MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept)

Sovereign Project | 38412-013

Summary

The goal of the project is to support the economic and poverty reduction efforts of the state governments through integrated FREM along the Brahmaputra river and its tributaries. The Project aims to promote people's livelihoods, through comprehensive FREM measures, which will provide protection from river erosion and floods, with a focus on the most vital areas of economic and national interests. An adaptive process approach is proposed that will protect critical reaches first, and then replicate suitable measures to other areas later. Nonstructural measures, including improved flood forecasting and warning, flood plain zoning, community preparedness, etc. will be adopted with intensive stakeholder participation.

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Project Name MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept)
Project Number 38412-013
Country India
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
MFF Facility Concept 0050-IND: MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and River Erosion Risk Management Investment Program (Facility Concept)
Ordinary capital resources US$ 120.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The goal of the project is to support the economic and poverty reduction efforts of the state governments through integrated FREM along the Brahmaputra river and its tributaries. The Project aims to promote people's livelihoods, through comprehensive FREM measures, which will provide protection from river erosion and floods, with a focus on the most vital areas of economic and national interests. An adaptive process approach is proposed that will protect critical reaches first, and then replicate suitable measures to other areas later. Nonstructural measures, including improved flood forecasting and warning, flood plain zoning, community preparedness, etc. will be adopted with intensive stakeholder participation.

On the basis of the TA outputs, the Project may have the following components: (i) participatory scheme planning and design with extensive FREM options analysis in subproject areas; (ii) comprehensive FREM infrastructure and non-structural measures; (iii) complementary infrastructure and programs such as rural roads and demonstration of productive agriculture practices including groundwater irrigation, as necessary; and (iv) project management and institutional strengthening for operationalizing effective FREM at the state level, including sustainable operation and maintenance of FREM infrastructure.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy tbd
Impact Reduced economic vulnerability and social disruption caused by flood and riverbank erosion risks in Assam
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome FRERM systems in Assam provide enhanced resilience to flood and riverbank erosion risks in selected flood-prone areas along the Brahmaputra River, benefiting about 1 million people
Progress Toward Outcome --
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

3. Institutional and financial capacities of FRERM institutions in Assam developed and strengthened

1. Integrated FRERM planning, institutional and knowledge bases developed and effectively implemented in Assam

2. Comprehensive FRERM nonstructural and structural measures developed, implemented, and sustainably maintained in selected subproject areas, protecting flood-prone areas along 90 km critical reach of the Brahmaputra River having 97,500 ha of urban and productive agriculture land

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Mobilization of the institutional strengthening consultants (ISC) for this component was delayed at the start of the project, but activities are now making progress.

CBFRM activities at Palasbari and Dibrugarh subproject sites started only in Mar 2013 due to the delay in NGO recruitment. Activities are in progress.

Key civil works in Palasbari and Dibrugarh started in Mar and May 2012 respectively, and are making progress. Riverbank protection works are expected to be substantially completed in 2015, while embankment rehabilitation/construction works would be continued till 2016.

Physical works in Kaziranga were shifted to the second tranche due to time taken longer than expected for obtaining the environment clearance.

The Project Management Unit and Subproject Implementation Offices have been established and functioning. Capacity development is ongoing with support from PMC and ISC. The project is making progress since 2012 with the improvement of project implementation management.

Framework of management information system has been prepared under PPTA-2 in 2009/10. The system is being established by ISC and PMC.

A new implementation schedule has been adopted to cover the initial delays, with the approval of the 22-month extension of the loan closing date and the $7 million partial cancellation of the first tranche loan, approved in August and September 2014.

Geographical Location Assam
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) have been carried out for the three subproject areas covering their entire scope including Project-1 and Project-2. While no signficant negative environmental impacts are anticipated, ADB classified the Project-1 as environmental category A in consideration of the diverse riverine environment. Overall, the three subprojects are needed primarily to safeguard the people, property and environment from frequent floods of the Brahmaputra River, and strongly supported by the stakeholders. Positive environmental impacts include preservation of flora and fauna from the impacts of river erosion and flooding including wetlands, pond fisheries and agriculture land. Interventions near Kaziranga will preserve the wild life habitat by preventing the impacts of sudden flooding (from embankment breach). No damage is anticipated on endangered species like dolphin as well as Kaziranga National Park. Anticipated impacts on hydrology and morphology are also deemed insignificant, given that the Project will support the proper functioning of the existing flood embankment systems, whereas riverbank protection works will be provided taking an adaptive approach, i.e., providing protection along the naturally developed bank lines where and when necessary. Nevertheless, close monitoring will be operationalized so that any unforeseen impacts will be detected and mitigation measures provided. Possible negative impacts include those associated with construction, which are temporary and can be mitigated through prescribed mitigation measures under the environmental monitoring and management plan to be operationalized under the Project, with the necessary capacity building of the executing agency and outsourcing. The Project will also strengthen the capacities of SGOA to progressively cope with any possible impacts of climate change, which may increase the precipitation according to some global climate model.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project is classified as involuntary resettlement category A. While its structural measures primarily involve the renovation of existing flood embankments, strip acquisition of land is needed in association with their shifting to cope with riverbank erosion, widening, and extension. The majority of acquired lands are located along the eroding bank line, which would be lost without project works. Project 1 will require acquisition of no land in Dibrugarh (embankment widening on the existing right-of-way with squatters, affecting 310 households); 20.6 hectares in Kaziranga (for inner secondary dyke, affecting 80 households); and 29.9 hectares in Palasbari subproject (for shifting, affecting 274 households). Full resettlement plans for project 1 works of these subprojects were prepared and agreed. For safeguards issues for the subsequent project, a resettlement framework were prepared following central and state government laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples issues have been found insignificant for project 1, and any negative impact is addressed in the resettlement plans. For safeguards issues for the subsequent project, an indigenous peoples development framework were prepared following central and state government laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A participatory process was used during the project preparatory stage, and consultations and collaborative decision making were carried out with a particular focus on women, the landless, ST, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject area using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques, along with other ordinary stakeholders. Focus group meetings were organized targeting the most vulnerable people, and an inventory of local needs was prepared, encompassing problems/constraints related to: (i) water resources and disaster management including flooding and river erosion, agriculture, fisheries, environment, and other uses; (ii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iii) appropriate institutional mechanisms to address those constraints. NGOs were engaged to facilitate this process.

In addition to the local consultative process, three state level workshops were organized at the mid-term (Dec 2007) and draft final (June 2008) stages of the PPTA to present and discuss key findings and prospective scope and issues of the proposed investment project, to seek the feedback of the central, state, and local governments, local and international experts, and a wide range of stakeholders including civil society organizations active in environmental and vulnerable groups development issues including tribal population. The third workshop was organized on 4 Feb 2009 at the time of the fact-finding mission to discuss the provisional scope, implementation arrangements, and associated policy and institutional strengthening approaches. Useful suggestions were provided, including the need for duly reflecting the interests of the marginal and poorest population who are often outside of the embankment systems including the embankment squatters displaced by river erosion, and the significant strengthening of the institutional basis and capacities of the relevant organizations.

During Project Implementation

The Project will strengthen and effectively utilizes the existing local participatory disaster management framework including district, sub-district, and village level DMCs. They will be empowered to take a lead role to plan and decide on implementing the concerned FRERM plans at the subproject and community levels, based on which the programs will be delivered by the designated organizations under the monitoring and supervision of the DMCs. This participatory process will be institutionalized after completion of the Project in the annual planning and implementation process of FRERM program delivery, and maintenance and adaptation of the infrastructure. Village DMCs and community groups will also be strengthened to take over the management of minor infrastructure such as flood proofing platforms, small sluice gates and drainage canals. NGOs will be engaged to facilitate the process.

In the context of the above, special efforts will be provided to the enhanced participation of women, ST, and SC in the subproject areas in the DMCs, with specific actions to be pursued during the further Project preparation process, including the institutional strengthening of WRD, promotional actions and training programs to enhance the vulnerable group participation, and group formation of vulnerable people and delivery of programs for their empowerment.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Investment Program provides for the consultancy package, including (i) institutional strengthening of integrated FRERM, (ii) program management including subsequent Project preparation (including safeguards aspects), and (iii) benefit monitoring and evaluation, for which 118 person-months of international and 753 person-months of national consultants are envisaged. NGOs will be engaged to support disaster management organization strengthening, to facilitate land acquisition and resettlement, and to support environmental monitoring. The PMU will select and engage the consultants and NGOs using ADB's quality- and cost-based selection procedures. In addition, NGOs, independent agencies, and institutions will be hired for survey, research and development (including knowledge management), and monitoring, while resource persons will be engaged for training. All consultants, NGOs, other institutions, and resource persons will be hired following the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement

The Investment Program will enhance resilience to the flood risks in the flood prone areas along the Brahmaputra River in Assam, in particular, in the three existing embankment systems protecting key urban, suburban, and productive rural and other strategic sites.

The Investment Program will establish sound institutional basis for the State to put into operation reliable and effective flood and riverbank erosion risk management (FRERM) systems; enhance their reliability and effectiveness in the three subproject areas with holistic structural and nonstructural measures and strengthening of the disaster management committees (DMCs) that provide a platform for community participation; and operate the Program management system through multi-disciplinary program management unit (PMU) and subproject implementation offices (SIOs). The State Government of Assam (SGOA) has established a special purpose vehicle titled Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Agency (AIFRERMA) for this purpose, and will implement the Program with SGOA and outsourced staff and experts, consultants for institutional strengthening and project management, and NGOs. The first tranche project has three components: (i) development of FRERM planning, institutional, and knowledge bases; (ii) comprehensive FRERM programs; and (iii) multidisciplinary program management systems.

ADB has approved the Government's request for advance contracting to expedite project implementation. Advance contracting will include, tentatively:

the consultancy packages for (i) institutional strengthening (70 person-months of international and 169 person-months of national consultants); (ii) project management (48 person-months of international and 451 person-months of national consultants); and (iii) monitoring and evaluation (63 person-months of national consultants);

the NGO packages for supporting (i) DMC strengthening and (ii) land acquisition and resettlement;

procurement of geo-textile bags (through international competitive bidding procedures), and equipment and supplies; and

procurement of civil works for riverbank protection works and embankment rehabilitation works in the three subproject areas (Dibrugarh, Kaziranga, and Palasbari) through national competitive bidding procedures.

Responsible ADB Officer Natsuko Totsuka
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Flood and River Erosion Management Agency of AssamOffice of the CEO, FREMAA
4th Floor,Nayantara Supermarket Building
Six Mile, Guwahati, Pin-781022
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Oct 2008
Fact Finding 27 Jan 2009 to 07 Feb 2009
MRM 09 Oct 2009
Approval 19 Oct 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Feb 2006
Last PDS Update 27 Feb 2015

MFF Facility Concept 0050-IND

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 150.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 120.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 30.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %

Evaluation Documents

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