India: MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Tranche 1

Sovereign Project | 38412-023 Status: Active


ADB is helping India protect the livelihood of about a million people along the Brahmaputra River from floods and erosion. The project will strengthen flood and riverbank erosion risk management systems and establish community-based disaster management groups.

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Project Name MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Tranche 1
Project Number 38412-023
Country India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2684-IND: MFF - Assam Integrated Flood and River Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Tranche 1
Ordinary capital resources US$ 48.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural flood protection - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome The Flood and River Erosion Management Agency of Assam has been established and functioning for structural and non-structural flood and river erosion risk management activities. Institutional capacity strengthening activities are also in progress under the project.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Civil works for riverbank protections in 2 subproject areas are largely completed, and the remaining works are expected to be completed within the current dry season by around May 2016. Civil works for rehabilitation/construction of flood embankments in the 2 subproject areas are also in progress, and expected to be completed within the current dry season. Civil works in 1 subproject area were shifted to the second tranche.

Community-based flood management activities planned under the first tranche were completed. Similar activities will be expanded to other villages in the second tranche.

Institutional capacity strengthening activities are on-going. Activities will be continued during the second tranche.

Geographical Location Assam State (Dibrugarh, Kamrup [South], and Golaghat districts)

Safeguard Categories

Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) have been carried out for the three subproject areas covering their entire scope including Project-1 and Project-2. While no signficant negative environmental impacts are anticipated, ADB classified the Project-1 as environmental category A in consideration of the diverse riverine environment. Overall, the three subprojects are needed primarily to safeguard the people, property and environment from frequent floods of the Brahmaputra River, and strongly supported by the stakeholders. Positive environmental impacts include preservation of flora and fauna from the impacts of river erosion and flooding including wetlands, pond fisheries and agriculture land. Interventions near Kaziranga will preserve the wild life habitat by preventing the impacts of sudden flooding (from embankment breach). No damage is anticipated on endangered species like dolphin as well as Kaziranga National Park. Anticipated impacts on hydrology and morphology are also deemed insignificant, given that the Project will support the proper functioning of the existing flood embankment systems, whereas riverbank protection works will be provided taking an adaptive approach, i.e., providing protection along the naturally developed bank lines where and when necessary. Nevertheless, close monitoring will be operationalized so that any unforeseen impacts will be detected and mitigation measures provided. Possible negative impacts include those associated with construction, which are temporary and can be mitigated through prescribed mitigation measures under the environmental monitoring and management plan to be operationalized under the Project, with the necessary capacity building of the executing agency and outsourcing. The Project will also strengthen the capacities of SGOA to progressively cope with any possible impacts of climate change, which may increase the precipitation according to some global climate model.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project is classified as involuntary resettlement category A. While its structural measures primarily involve the renovation of existing flood embankments, strip acquisition of land is needed in association with their shifting to cope with riverbank erosion, widening, and extension. The majority of acquired lands are located along the eroding bank line, which would be lost without project works. Project 1 will require acquisition of no land in Dibrugarh (embankment widening on the existing right-of-way with squatters, affecting 310 households); 20.6 hectares in Kaziranga (for inner secondary dyke, affecting 80 households); and 29.9 hectares in Palasbari subproject (for shifting, affecting 274 households). Full resettlement plans for project 1 works of these subprojects were prepared and agreed. For safeguards issues for the subsequent project, a resettlement framework were prepared following central and state government laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples issues have been found insignificant for project 1, and any negative impact is addressed in the resettlement plans. For safeguards issues for the subsequent project, an indigenous peoples development framework were prepared following central and state government laws and regulations, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A participatory process was used during the project preparatory stage, and consultations and collaborative decision making were carried out with a particular focus on women, the landless, ST, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject area using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques, along with other ordinary stakeholders. Focus group meetings were organized targeting the most vulnerable people, and an inventory of local needs was prepared, encompassing problems/constraints related to: (i) water resources and disaster management including flooding and river erosion, agriculture, fisheries, environment, and other uses; (ii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iii) appropriate institutional mechanisms to address those constraints. NGOs were engaged to facilitate this process.

In addition to the local consultative process, three state level workshops were organized at the mid-term (Dec 2007) and draft final (June 2008) stages of the PPTA to present and discuss key findings and prospective scope and issues of the proposed investment project, to seek the feedback of the central, state, and local governments, local and international experts, and a wide range of stakeholders including civil society organizations active in environmental and vulnerable groups development issues including tribal population. The third workshop was organized on 4 Feb 2009 at the time of the fact-finding mission to discuss the provisional scope, implementation arrangements, and associated policy and institutional strengthening approaches. Useful suggestions were provided, including the need for duly reflecting the interests of the marginal and poorest population who are often outside of the embankment systems including the embankment squatters displaced by river erosion, and the significant strengthening of the institutional basis and capacities of the relevant organizations.

During Project Implementation

The Project will strengthen and effectively utilizes the existing local participatory disaster management framework including district, sub-district, and village level DMCs. They will be empowered to take a lead role to plan and decide on implementing the concerned FRERM plans at the subproject and community levels, based on which the programs will be delivered by the designated organizations under the monitoring and supervision of the DMCs. This participatory process will be institutionalized after completion of the Project in the annual planning and implementation process of FRERM program delivery, and maintenance and adaptation of the infrastructure. Village DMCs and community groups will also be strengthened to take over the management of minor infrastructure such as flood proofing platforms, small sluice gates and drainage canals. NGOs will be engaged to facilitate the process.

In the context of the above, special efforts will be provided to the enhanced participation of women, ST, and SC in the subproject areas in the DMCs, with specific actions to be pursued during the further Project preparation process, including the institutional strengthening of WRD, promotional actions and training programs to enhance the vulnerable group participation, and group formation of vulnerable people and delivery of programs for their empowerment.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The project includes the consultancy packages for (i) institutional strengthening; (ii) project management; and (iii) monitoring and evaluation. It also includes the NGO packages for supporting (i) community-based flood management capacity strengthening, and (ii) implantation of land acquisition and resettlement. Recruitment of all packages planned under the project has been completed.
Procurement The project includes procurement of geo-textile bags, and office and survey equipment. Procurement of civil works includes packages for riverbank protection works and embankment rehabilitation/ construction works in the Diburgarh and Palasbari-Gumi areas. Works in Kaziranga were shifted to the second tranche. All packages planned under the first tranche have been procured.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Natsuko Totsuka
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Flood and River Erosion Management Agency of Assam
Office of the CEO, FREMAA
4th floor, Nayantara Supermarket Building
Six Mile, Guwahati, Pin - 781022


Concept Clearance 22 Oct 2008
Fact Finding 27 Jan 2009 to 07 Feb 2009
MRM 09 Oct 2009
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Sep 2010
Last PDS Update 03 Feb 2016

Loan 2684-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Oct 2010 10 May 2011 04 Aug 2011 30 Sep 2014 31 Jul 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 62.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 48.50 25 Oct 2010 42.67 0.00 88%
Counterpart 14.20 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Oct 2010 28.86 0.00 60%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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