Nepal: Community Irrigation Project

Sovereign Project | 38417-012

Summary

The Project goal is to promote inclusive economic growth, poverty reduction, and sustainable management of water and land resources. Its specific objective is to improve agricultural productivity and sustainability by improving access to irrigation, with a particular focus on marginal and smallholders currently having little access to irrigation, through community-based and/or sector private minor/micro irrigation, with strong, demand-driven stakeholder involvement and a decentralized approach. The project will comprise: (i) developing community-based or private minor/micro irrigation for the poor; (ii) renovating minor farmer-managed irrigation systems through local bodies; (iii) sustaining the institutionalization of irrigation management transfer of a limited number of government-managed irrigation systems; and (iv) policy and institutional strengthening of water resoruces management and irrigation service delivery, including operation of IWRM in priority river basins.

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Project Name Community Irrigation Project
Project Number 38417-012
Country Nepal
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7229-NEP: Community Irrigation Project
Japan Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Project goal is to promote inclusive economic growth, poverty reduction, and sustainable management of water and land resources. Its specific objective is to improve agricultural productivity and sustainability by improving access to irrigation, with a particular focus on marginal and smallholders currently having little access to irrigation, through community-based and/or sector private minor/micro irrigation, with strong, demand-driven stakeholder involvement and a decentralized approach. The project will comprise: (i) developing community-based or private minor/micro irrigation for the poor; (ii) renovating minor farmer-managed irrigation systems through local bodies; (iii) sustaining the institutionalization of irrigation management transfer of a limited number of government-managed irrigation systems; and (iv) policy and institutional strengthening of water resoruces management and irrigation service delivery, including operation of IWRM in priority river basins. Community-based irrigation interventions will include (a) establishment/strengthening of water users associations (WUAs), (b) provision of credit (for minor/micro irrigation) and/or irrigation infastructure, and (c) agricultural extension and rural livelihood maintenance support.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Increasing agricultural productivity is crucial to reducing poverty and promoting food security in Nepal, for which irrigation is an essential entry point. Yet only 43% of the country's net cultivated area is irrigated, and their productivity remains low due to inefficient system operation. The country strategy and program for Nepal recognizes the critical importance of improving the performance of existing irrigation systems and expanding access to irrigation, with effective integration of agriculture and livelihood support services. In this context, there is significant scope for enhancing rural livelihoods by improving irrigation access to poor marginal and small holders with community-driven minor irrigation. The Community Irrigation Project (CIP) will build upon the experience of the recently completed L1609-Nepal: Community Groundwater Irrigation Sector Project (CGISP), and government and nongovernmental organization (NGO) efforts to promote minor/micro irrigation systems including low-cost drip and sprinkler irrigation to produce high value crops.

The Government of Nepal?s Local Infrastructure Development Policy (2004) calls for infrastructure development projects to be planned, implemented, and maintained through District Development Committees (DDCs) and Village Development Committees (VDCs). To date, central government agencies have not worked directly with the local government units (DDCs and VDCs) to implement irrigation projects. The arrangements for the decentralized implementation of small-scale irrigation projects will be determined under this Technical Assistance (TA), in support of the Government?s decentralization policies.

Impact The expected impact is improved agricultural productivity and household economic growth project. This will be achieved through CIP itself, with targets for increased agricultural production and increased household income for poor and marginal farmers agreed during the TA.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The expected outcome will be agreement by the Government and the Asian Development Bank ona feasibility study and investment proposals for CIP.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs The TA will explore options for micro-irrigation and small-scale groundwater and surface water schemes, agricultural services, capacity building and livelihood improvement that address the issues of the poor and vulnerable groups. The TA consultant team will formulate a project through subproject feasibility studies; institutional, social, and environmental analyses, financial management assessment, project costings, economic analysis, financial analysis and project financing plan. Through working in model districts, it will explore alternative options for decentralized institutional arrangements for managing small-scale irrigation projects under the coordination and administration of the District Development Committees and through the facilitation and oversight of Department of Irrigation.
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Participating districts will be determined during TA Implementation
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting services required for the TA total 40.5 person-months, comprising 15 person-months of international consultants (irrigation management specialist/team leader, economist, irrigation engineer, poverty and social development specialist, and irrigated agriculture specialist) and 25.5 person-months of national consultants (irrigation engineer/deputy team leader, institutional development specialist, poverty and social development specialist, social safeguards specialist, microfinance specialist, environment specialist, irrigated agriculture specialist, and finance/legal specialist). ADB will recruit an international consulting firm through quality- and cost-based selection. The consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Disbursements under the TA will be made in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2008, as amended from time to time). Equipment for the TA's activities will be financed by ADB in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time) and will become property of the Government upon completion of the TA.
Procurement tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Cynthia (Cindy) Malvicini
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Department of Irrigation, KathmanduKamal RegmiDepartment of Irrigation, Kathmandu
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Mar 2004
Fact Finding 01 Sep 2008 to 12 Sep 2008
MRM -
Approval 29 Jan 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Feb 2006
Last PDS Update 21 Jul 2010

TA 7229-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jan 2009 11 Feb 2009 11 Feb 2009 28 Feb 2010 30 Aug 2010 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
750,000.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 900,000.00 29 Jan 2009 686,098.53

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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