Nepal: Community Irrigation Project

Sovereign Project | 38417-022

Summary

The project will develop or improve small-scale irrigation systems in 12 districts in Nepal through a community-driven process targeted at the poor, women, and other disadvantaged groups. Small irrigation systems are defined as systems with less than 25 hectares of irrigation area in the hills and mountains and less than 200 hectares in the Terai plains. The participating districts were selected because of their high poverty, food insecurity and irrigation potential. They are Kanchanpur, Kailali, Dang, Kapilvastu in the Terai plains; Doti, Salyan, Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan in the hills; and Bajhang, Jumla, Mugu in the mountains. As the first large-scale intervention in small irrigation development in Nepal, the project will demonstrate participatory irrigation planning and management and build the capacity of all levels of the government for small-scale irrigation development. Farmers will form or strengthen existing water users associations (WUAs) to apply for project support.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

Title Document Date
Community Irrigation Project Mar 2014

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Project Name Community Irrigation Project
Project Number 38417-022
Country Nepal
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0219-NEP: Community Irrigation Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 26.40 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project will develop or improve small-scale irrigation systems in 12 districts in Nepal through a community-driven process targeted at the poor, women, and other disadvantaged groups. Small irrigation systems are defined as systems with less than 25 hectares of irrigation area in the hills and mountains and less than 200 hectares in the Terai plains. The participating districts were selected because of their high poverty, food insecurity and irrigation potential. They are Kanchanpur, Kailali, Dang, Kapilvastu in the Terai plains; Doti, Salyan, Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan in the hills; and Bajhang, Jumla, Mugu in the mountains. As the first large-scale intervention in small irrigation development in Nepal, the project will demonstrate participatory irrigation planning and management and build the capacity of all levels of the government for small-scale irrigation development. Farmers will form or strengthen existing water users associations (WUAs) to apply for project support. The project will provide support to rehabilitate and build new surface water irrigation schemes and to develop groundwater irrigation through shallow tube wells. It will also facilitate access to microfinance support and provide extension services. For farmers without access to electricity who are installing shallow tube wells, the project will connect them to the electricity network. WUAs will in turn learn to manage water more efficiently and equitably, maintain their systems, and apply improved agricultural practices.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Food security in Nepal is alarmingly low, with 49% of children under 5 years old stunted, 25% severely stunted, 13% wasted, and 3% severely wasted. The majority of small and marginal farmers cannot achieve their productivity potential since they have unreliable or no access to irrigation water and improved agricultural technology. Small farmers without irrigation include the disadvantaged Dalit, Janajati and Muslim populations who live and cultivate rain-fed land in peripheral water-scarce areas on steep slopes away from fertile and water-rich valleys in the hills and on the fringes of irrigation systems in the plains. Irrigation is key to increasing the production of staple crops to meet the growing gap between agricultural production and the needs of the expanding population and to diversifying and intensifying agriculture to increase on-farm incomes, reduce rural poverty, and increase food security. Irrigation therefore has a critical role to play in Nepal s poverty reduction and food security strategies. For individuals and households, access to irrigation reduces the severity of rural poverty by increasing (i) food production, (ii) on-farm employment, and (iii) incomes.

The project addresses the three pillars of ADB's country partnership strategy, 2010-2012: (i) broad-based and inclusive economic growth, (ii) inclusive social development, and (iii) governance and capacity building. It builds on lessons learned from past assistance in the agriculture and natural resources sector and complements the interventions of other development partners. The project supports the multisector approach advocated in ADB's Operational Plan for Sustainable Food Security, as it aims to improve water productivity, access to microfinance, and the application of improved agricultural practices. The project's interventions will be underpinned by associated capacity building at district and community levels.

Impact Agricultural income of rural poor and socially excluded groups is increased.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Poor, women, and other disadvantaged farmers in target communities intensify and diversify their agricultural practices toward higher value crops.
Progress Toward Outcome Outputs towards achieving outcome have not yet been started/not yet due.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

WUAs efficiently manage improved irrigation infrastructure.

Participating farmers apply improved agriculture practices and have access to microfinance.

Government capacity to plan and coordinate small-scale irrigation projects is enhanced.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

As of 28 Feb 2015, 206 WUAs are registered comprising of 37% female with proportional representation of DAG in memberships.

Pre-construction training have been conducted focusing on need for enhancing WUA capacity in planning, implementation, and O&M of irrigation infrastructures.

Training on water management plan is being provided to WUAs after completion of construction works. WUA of completed subprojects have already started implementation.

WUA commitment exists at demanded subprojects, and is expected to remain until construction completion. WUAs will carry out O&M thereafter.

Farmer field schools are being conducted in 48 completed subprojects. This will be replicated to other completed subprojects in future.

Selection of 147 local MFIs has been completed, and training to them is ongoing.

Subprojects have been demanded according to the project selection criteria by village leaders, and selected for implementation by DICC following the project selection criteria.

Training plan has been prepared and CIP engineers and sub- engineers are trained for project design and implementation.

DDC/DTO is coordinating the works with DADO and other district government officials.

Training/observation tours for LDO/DTO is completed. CIP engineers training are being conducted regularly.

Training plan has been revised, and will be implemented accordingly.

Geographical Location 12 Districts of Nepal
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects A Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) guides the preparation of environmental due diligence for the subprojects. Environmental due diligence is incorporated into the Feasibility Assessment Reports. In accordance with the EARF, Initial Environmental Examinations will be prepared for irrigation subprojects with 150 ha or more of command area. So far, no subproject more than 150 ha has been demanded by farmers.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement will be used in the Project, as the Project's subproject selection criteria requires that the irrigation improvement is desired by the community and WUA members voluntarily donate any small parcels of land needed for irrigation enhancement. A Resettlement Framework has been prepared to ensure the subproject selection criteria have been met, and to clearly identify the triggers, if any, for more comprehensive safeguards (i.e. resettlement plan). Resettlement due diligence is required to be incorporated into each subproject Feasibility Assessment Report, and will document verification that any land required has been given voluntarily, and that nobody is impoverished by the land donation. If more than 5% of anyone's total land holding is donated, the WUAs must negotiate livelihood restitution measures with the affected party.
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous peoples (IPs) are not expected to be affected seriously or at all by the Project, whether it is through loss of livelihoods, displacements, or impacts on their social and cultural identity. Impacts on IPs are expected to be positive, as IPs living in subproject areas will benefit from the access to irrigation, increased agricultural yields, and improved food security. The Project's Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework guides the preparation of subprojects to ensure equitable distribution of benefits and to promote development of the IPs and ethnic minorities along with other disadvantaged groups. The Feasibility Assessment Reports must document due diligence on IPs to ensure that there are no adverse effects on IPs and that interventions are designed with greatest possible reduction of poverty among IPs.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Identification of ISPs are done with wide consultation and information dissemination to the farmers at grass root level. Communities are continually consulted at all stage of the ISPs. The project is planning to organize a multistakeholder workshop on the project activities in near future.
During Project Implementation The Project has a Consultation and Participation Plan. This plan has been prepared to ensure local ownership of each CIP subproject, ensure inclusion of all types of user stakeholder groups in participation processes and benefit distribution, and to ensure dissemination of results and lessons learned to the wider community, including interested government, NGOs and civil society organizations. The socio-economic survey of each subproject will flag those households requiring support to enhance their meaningful participation in the activities of the project. These groups will receive targeted coaching. The Project Coordination Unit will analyze each sub-project based on its socio-economic profile and suggest targets and methods for participation assistance. They will also provide training support to the field teams in this respect. In order to ensure the project may learn from other relevant activities and vice versa, the Project Coordination Unit will invite government organizations, NGOs and community-based organizations to periodic workshops to discuss project results, and in particular periodic specialized studies on such topics as gender, poverty impact or other case studies. During the inception mission the stakeholder consultation and participation plan prepared at PPTA stage was reviewed and revised.The following have been integrated: targeted participation actions for social preparation, community and WUA meetings, and training events from each of the safeguard documents into the plan.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A joint venture between a nongovernment organizations and two engineering firms was fielded on 21 June 2012. The consulting joint venture is tasked to assist the project coordinating unit (PCU) in monitoring progress and providing and overseeing preparatory and implementation technical assistance. In addition, two consultants (procurement specialist [national] and project management specialist [international]) were engaged as individuals, and were fielded on 02 Jan 2011, and 10 September 2012, respectively.
Procurement Civil works will be procured through a combination of community procurement (WUAs), shopping, and national competitive bidding. All procurement will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Govinda P. Gewali
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Dept of Local Infra Devt & Agri Roads*
*
Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 17 May 2010
Fact Finding 17 May 2010 to 28 May 2010
MRM 30 Apr 2007
Approval 27 Sep 2010
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 11 Mar 2015

Grant 0219-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Sep 2010 08 Feb 2011 05 May 2011 31 Aug 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 33.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 26.40 27 Sep 2010 11.33 0.00 46%
Counterpart 6.60 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 27 Sep 2010 7.44 0.00 30%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Community Irrigation Project Procurement Plans Mar 2014
Community Irrigation Project Project/Program Administration Manual Mar 2013
Grant Agreement (Special Operations) for the Community Irrigation Project between Nepal and Asian Development Bank dated 08 February 2011 Grant Agreement Feb 2011
Project Agreement for the Community Irrigation Project between Asian Development Bank and Rural Microfinance Development Center dated 08 February 2011 Project/Program Agreement Feb 2011
Community Irrigation Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2010
Community Irrigation Project Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies Sep 2010
Community Irrigation Project: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Sep 2010
Community Irrigation Project Project/Program Administration Manual Sep 2010
Community Irrigation Project Consultants' Reports Jun 2010
Community Irrigation Project Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Jan 2009

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Community Irrigation Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Jul 2010
Community Irrigation Project Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2010
Community Irrigation Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Jul 2010
Community Irrigation Project: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Jul 2010

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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