ADB is supporting community-driven small-scale irrigation projects in 12 districts in Nepal. The project will promote participatory irrigation planning and management, involving the poor, women, and other disadvantaged groups. It will provide livelihood support to farmers through microfinance and other services, and build the government’s capacity for small-scale irrigation development.
|Project Name||Community Irrigation Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Irrigation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The project will develop or improve small-scale irrigation systems in 12 districts in Nepal through a community-driven process targeted at the poor, women, and other disadvantaged groups. Small irrigation systems are defined as systems with less than 25 hectares of irrigation area in the hills and mountains and less than 200 hectares in the Terai plains. The participating districts were selected because of their high poverty, food insecurity and irrigation potential. They are Kanchanpur, Kailali, Dang, Kapilvastu in the Terai plains; Doti, Salyan, Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan in the hills; and Bajhang, Jumla, Mugu in the mountains. As the first large-scale intervention in small irrigation development in Nepal, the project will demonstrate participatory irrigation planning and management and build the capacity of all levels of the government for small-scale irrigation development. Farmers will form or strengthen existing water users associations (WUAs) to apply for project support. The project will provide support to rehabilitate and build new surface water irrigation schemes and to develop groundwater irrigation through shallow tube wells. It will also facilitate access to microfinance support and provide extension services. For farmers without access to electricity who are installing shallow tube wells, the project will connect them to the electricity network. WUAs will in turn learn to manage water more efficiently and equitably, maintain their systems, and apply improved agricultural practices.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Food security in Nepal is alarmingly low, with 49% of children under 5 years old stunted, 25% severely stunted, 13% wasted, and 3% severely wasted. The majority of small and marginal farmers cannot achieve their productivity potential since they have unreliable or no access to irrigation water and improved agricultural technology. Small farmers without irrigation include the disadvantaged Dalit, Janajati and Muslim populations who live and cultivate rain-fed land in peripheral water-scarce areas on steep slopes away from fertile and water-rich valleys in the hills and on the fringes of irrigation systems in the plains. Irrigation is key to increasing the production of staple crops to meet the growing gap between agricultural production and the needs of the expanding population and to diversifying and intensifying agriculture to increase on-farm incomes, reduce rural poverty, and increase food security. Irrigation therefore has a critical role to play in Nepal s poverty reduction and food security strategies. For individuals and households, access to irrigation reduces the severity of rural poverty by increasing (i) food production, (ii) on-farm employment, and (iii) incomes.
The project addresses the three pillars of ADB's country partnership strategy, 2010-2012: (i) broad-based and inclusive economic growth, (ii) inclusive social development, and (iii) governance and capacity building. It builds on lessons learned from past assistance in the agriculture and natural resources sector and complements the interventions of other development partners. The project supports the multisector approach advocated in ADB's Operational Plan for Sustainable Food Security, as it aims to improve water productivity, access to microfinance, and the application of improved agricultural practices. The project's interventions will be underpinned by associated capacity building at district and community levels.
|Impact||Agricultural income of rural poor and socially excluded groups is increased.|
|Description of Outcome||Poor, women, and other disadvantaged farmers in target communities intensify and diversify their agricultural practices toward higher value crops.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||9,757 ha area is added to improved irrigation system by construction of 365 Irrigation Subprojects (ISPs). Agriculture survey data shows 18 to 37% incremental cropping intensity.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
WUAs efficiently manage improved irrigation infrastructure.
Participating farmers apply improved agriculture practices and have access to microfinance.
Government capacity to plan and coordinate small-scale irrigation projects is enhanced.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Subprojects have been selected according to the project selection criteria by the village leaders.
District engineers approve design and supervise implementation of subprojects. Consultant supervision engineers also supervise implementation.
DDC/DTO is coordinating the works with DADO and other district government officials.
Subproject communities are being linked to DADOs for access to agriculture extension services.Works ongoing.
LDOs, DTOs and district engineers have been trained on participatory approach. One training/observation visits for LDO/DTO has been completed on March 2016. Engineers training are being conducted regularly. New federal state restructuring will rearrange local bodies. However, EA has assured there will be no change in the implementation arrangement of CIP until it's completion in August 2018.
As of 30 June 2017, 456 WUAs are registered against 464 approved FARs. They have 39% (>33% target) female members. Proportional representation of DAG in membership is complied.
Pre-construction training was conducted for all 447 WUAs from 365 completed and 91 ongoing ISPs.
Training on water management plan has been provided to 354 WUAs after completion of construction works. They have already started implementation.
Out of 365 completed ISPs, only 210 WUAs has collected ISF as per need basis (adhoc). O & M Regulation of WUA is being passed by the General assembly of WUA in 109 completed ISPs only
9,770 farmers (8,176 female and 1,594 male) have their membership in 63 local MFIs of CIP area.
As of 30 June 2017, total loan of NRs410,500,000 was disbursed to 1,724 farmers of 162 ISPs.
Surveyed farmers from 50 completed subprojects of Batch-I and 131 ISPs of Batch-II have increased production by 50%. Works ongoing for other completed subprojects.
|Geographical Location||Bajhang, Dang Deukhuri District, Doti, Jumla, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Kapilbastu, Mugu, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Rukum, Salyan|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||A Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) guides the preparation of environmental due diligence for the subprojects. Environmental due diligence is incorporated into the Feasibility Assessment Reports. In accordance with the EARF, Initial Environmental Examinations will be prepared for irrigation subprojects with 150 ha or more of command area. So far, no subproject more than 150 ha has been demanded by farmers.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No involuntary resettlement will be used in the Project, as the Project's subproject selection criteria requires that the irrigation improvement is desired by the community and WUA members voluntarily donate any small parcels of land needed for irrigation enhancement. A Resettlement Framework has been prepared to ensure the subproject selection criteria have been met, and to clearly identify the triggers, if any, for more comprehensive safeguards (i.e. resettlement plan). Resettlement due diligence is required to be incorporated into each subproject Feasibility Assessment Report, and will document verification that any land required has been given voluntarily, and that nobody is impoverished by the land donation. If more than 5% of anyone's total land holding is donated, the WUAs must negotiate livelihood restitution measures with the affected party.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Indigenous peoples (IPs) are not expected to be affected seriously or at all by the Project, whether it is through loss of livelihoods, displacements, or impacts on their social and cultural identity. Impacts on IPs are expected to be positive, as IPs living in subproject areas will benefit from the access to irrigation, increased agricultural yields, and improved food security. The Project's Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework guides the preparation of subprojects to ensure equitable distribution of benefits and to promote development of the IPs and ethnic minorities along with other disadvantaged groups. The Feasibility Assessment Reports must document due diligence on IPs to ensure that there are no adverse effects on IPs and that interventions are designed with greatest possible reduction of poverty among IPs.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Identification of ISPs are done with wide consultation and information dissemination to the farmers at grass root level. Communities are continually consulted at all stage of the ISPs. The project is planning to organize a multistakeholder workshop on the project activities in near future.|
|During Project Implementation||The Project has a Consultation and Participation Plan. This plan has been prepared to ensure local ownership of each CIP subproject, ensure inclusion of all types of user stakeholder groups in participation processes and benefit distribution, and to ensure dissemination of results and lessons learned to the wider community, including interested government, NGOs and civil society organizations. The socio-economic survey of each subproject will flag those households requiring support to enhance their meaningful participation in the activities of the project. These groups will receive targeted coaching. The Project Coordination Unit will analyze each sub-project based on its socio-economic profile and suggest targets and methods for participation assistance. They will also provide training support to the field teams in this respect. In order to ensure the project may learn from other relevant activities and vice versa, the Project Coordination Unit will invite government organizations, NGOs and community-based organizations to periodic workshops to discuss project results, and in particular periodic specialized studies on such topics as gender, poverty impact or other case studies. During the inception mission the stakeholder consultation and participation plan prepared at PPTA stage was reviewed and revised.The following have been integrated: targeted participation actions for social preparation, community and WUA meetings, and training events from each of the safeguard documents into the plan.|
|Consulting Services||A joint venture between a nongovernment organizations and two engineering firms was fielded on 21 June 2012. The consulting joint venture is tasked to assist the project coordinating unit (PCU) in monitoring progress and providing and overseeing preparatory and implementation technical assistance. In addition, two consultants (procurement specialist [national] and project management specialist [international]) were engaged as individuals, and were fielded on 02 Jan 2011, and 10 September 2012, respectively.|
|Procurement||Civil works will be procured through a combination of community procurement (WUAs), shopping, and national competitive bidding. All procurement will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Singh, Deepak Bahadur|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Nepal Resident Mission|
Dept of Local Infra Devt & Agri Roads
|Concept Clearance||17 May 2010|
|Fact Finding||17 May 2010 to 28 May 2010|
|MRM||30 Apr 2007|
|Approval||27 Sep 2010|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||19 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 Sep 2010||08 Feb 2011||05 May 2011||31 Aug 2017||15 Jul 2018||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||31.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||24.40||27 Sep 2010||23.84||0.00||98%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||27 Sep 2010||21.35||0.00||88%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Community Irrigation Project||Procurement Plans||Mar 2014|
|Community Irrigation Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Mar 2013|
|Project Agreement for the Community Irrigation Project between Asian Development Bank and Rural Microfinance Development Center dated 08 February 2011||Project/Program Agreements||Feb 2011|
|Grant Agreement (Special Operations) for the Community Irrigation Project between Nepal and Asian Development Bank dated 08 February 2011||Grant Agreement||Feb 2011|
|Community Irrigation Project: Gender Action Plan||Gender Action Plans||Sep 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Sep 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Sep 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Consultants' Reports||Jun 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jan 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Community Irrigation Project: Annual Environmental Compliance Monitoring Report||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Jan 2017|
|Community Irrigation Project: Environmental Compliance Monitoring Report (July 2015-June 2016)||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Jul 2016|
|Community Irrigation Project||Initial Environmental Examination||Jul 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks||Jul 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project: Resettlement Framework||Resettlement Frameworks||Jul 2010|
|Community Irrigation Project||Environmental Assessment and Review Framework||Jul 2010|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.