Regional: Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management (CACILM) Multicountry Partnership Framework Support Project

Sovereign Project | 38464-012 Status: Closed


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Project Name Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management (CACILM) Multicountry Partnership Framework Support Project
Project Number 38464-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6357-REG: Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management (CACILM) Multicountry Partnership Framework Support Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Global Environment Facility US$ 3.03 million
International Fund for Agriculture and Development US$ 200,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Land-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

CACILM Multicountry Partnership has added value through the enhanced benefits of regional cooperation.

CACILM Partnerships committed to support CACILM till 2013.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1. (a) The Multicountry Secretariat (MSEC) was staff by experienced consultants who performed well and in line with their Terms of Reference. MSEC provided training and support to Staff of the five National Secretariats (NSEC). (b) The five NSECs were staffed by competent professionals who performed well in being the technical secretariats for the respective Governments through the NCCs (National Coordination Councils) on land and water issues. The selection of the staff and particularly the head, was based on their administrative capabilities and experience as well as networks in Government and the civil administration was very appropriate except in Tajikistan where an academic was the head which led to poor Tajikistan NSEC performance. (c) The CACILM NCC in each CAC performed well. (d) The CACILM Steering Committee, as the governing body with membership of senior representatives of each of KAZ, KGZ,TAJ, TKM and UZB and the development partners conducted 4 meetings , reviewed the progress of CACILM, provided guidance on the planning and implementation of CACILM activities. Project monitoring and evaluation system were designed and implemented.

Output 2. NPFs were prepared in each of the five CACs with the assistance of their respective NSEC and oversight of MSEC. These are the guides for the implementation of SLM activities for the 10-year duration of CACILM. The NPFs were prepared well and have been very useful and been updated recently. The NPF has taken into consideration country specific as well as broader contexts that includes natural as well as anthropogenic causes for land degradation and has come up with prioritized programs of projects and technical assistance.

Output 3. (i) Land degradation baseline information established; (ii) Compilation of all available information on land degradation (iii) Determined methodology for establishing baseline information which is a combination of field survey, remote sensing, and expert opinion; (iv) baseline on land degradation has now been established using coarse and mid-resolution satellite imageries combined with ground data. This baseline includes socio-economic data (such as demographic, livestock, crop yield, pastureland biomass, etc) and detailed (250m, some are at 30m) spatial characterization of land degradation in terms of: 1.) land cover (over 90% overall accuracy for 21 classes); 2). Land Productivity: irrigated and rainfed cropland, and pastureland. 3). Vegetation/crop development in terms of 8 phenological features derived from bi-weekly MODIS NDVI time series of 2008;

4). Grazing gradients and degraded areas of pasture/rangeland; 5). Irrigated croplands - area and rate of land abandonment for selected irrigated areas at rayon level derived from Landsat images, cropping patterns and dominant crops for all irrigated

Output 4. The Sustainable Land Management-Research was designed and implemented in the 5 CACs. (i) Research Prospectus developed; (ii) Research covering rainfed and irrigated agriculture, mountain areas and rangeland/pastures -12 research sites (KAZ, KGZ, TAJ, TKM, UZB)- sustainable land management options were tested:

(a) Laser assisted land leveling, irrigation with plastic chutes and conjunctive use of drainage and irrigation water were tested and showed to increase productivity by 15-25% in Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan;

(b) Raised-bed seeding improved seed germination rates, halved (wheat and rice) seeding rates, reduced water use by 10% and allowed for diversifying the cropping geometry in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan

(c) Intercropping of cotton and legumes, maize with legumes, or sainfoin with barley proved highly profitable for farmers in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan

(d) Planting with standing stubble, mulch, residues on sloped land, terraces reduced soil erosion, increased soil moisture content on topsoil;

(e) Rangeland productivity and fodder availability could be increased by planting salt tolerable fodder crops such as Alfalfa, Sudan grass, titicale, sorghum, and licorice;

(f) Saxual and other halophyte species are highly suitable for rangeland


(iii) Results demonstrated that adoption of improved technologies of soil and water management could enhance productivity, resulting in higher rural incomes and household food security, contribute to the conservation of natural resources and the sustainability of agricultural production

(iv) Using GIS-based similarity analyses, environments similar to SLMR project sites could be identified for potentially out scaling of developed technologies in the next Phase

Output 5. The SLM-Knowledge Management system was designed and implemented. (i) Published Central Asia Atlas of Natural Resources that showcase the beauty and rich natural resources of Central Asia , an eye opener to those not so familiar to the Region; (ii) Prepared Report on Economic Analysis of Sustainable Land Management Options for Central Asia which provided analysis of use of fertilizer in irrigated crop production; minimum tillage in irrigated and rainfed production; migratory vs. secondary grazing and improved supplemental feeding of livestocks using feed blocks. The study recommends; (a) expanding investments in applied research and demonstration activities related to sustainable land and water management in a wide range of contexts to identify what works where; (b) Identify domains in which land and water management options are privately and socially profitable and the key constraints inhibiting adoption of these options in these contexts; (c) Identify and avoid promoting socially unprofitable land and water management options, and one-size-fits-all approaches to technology development, dissemination and promotion; (d) CACILM website operational; (e)CACILM Information materials disseminated in 5 CACs

Geographical Location Central Asia: KAZ, KGZ, TAJ, TKM, UZB

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultation workshops in each of the 5 Central Asian countries were conducted during design phase.
During Project Implementation Steering committee meetings were conducted that include participation of representatives from the Government of the 5 CACs and international development partners.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services A CACILM secretariat will be created to support the CACILM Steering Committee. The CACILM secretariat will require the services of international consultants (32 person months) and national consultants (112 person months). Consultants will be engaged individually by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines for the Use of Consultants by the Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers, and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the recruitment of local consultants. Equipment for the CACILM secretariat and the national secretariat offices will be procured according to ADB Procurement Guidelines.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Binsar Tambunan
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Mark Kunzer
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines


Concept Clearance 07 Nov 2005
Fact Finding 10 Mar 2004 to 24 Mar 2004
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 10 Aug 2006
Last PDS Update 07 Apr 2011

TA 6357-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Nov 2006 - 24 Nov 2006 31 Dec 2008 30 Jun 2010 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
800,000.00 3,225,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,525,000.00 24 Nov 2006 3,444,323.78

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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