Cambodia: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program

Sovereign Project | 38558-013

Summary

The Project will (i) strengthen the capacity of the Government and empower beneficiary communities to sustainably manage water resources; (ii) increase agrcultural production in a sustainable and participatory way; and (iii) enhance beneficiary livelihoods and market opportunities for surplus crop, livestock and fisheries production.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Project Number 38558-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0220-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 2.80 million
Loan 2672-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Loan 2673-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan 8253-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 12.00 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector (Supplementary)
Nordic Development Fund US$ 3.75 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will (i) strengthen the capacity of the Government and empower beneficiary communities to sustainably manage water resources; (ii) increase agrcultural production in a sustainable and participatory way; and (iii) enhance beneficiary livelihoods and market opportunities for surplus crop, livestock and fisheries production.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Cambodia's economy is highly dependent on water. It's importance for food production, rural livelihoods and economic development is recognized in the Government's Rectangular Strategy on Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency (Phase 2, 2008), the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP, 2006-2013), and the Strategy for Agriculture and Water Resources (SAW, 2009-2013). Rainfall distribution and river discharges are highly seasonal, variable and unpredictable, with a natural pattern of wet and dry seasons, typhoons, floods and droughts. Coupled with this, the annual rise and fall of the Mekong River has both positive and negative effects - sustaining the critical water cycles of the Tonle Sap Lake and Lower Mekong delta necessary for agriculture and fisheries production, but with the potential to cause major flooding and damage to infrastructure and crops, and loss of life. It is anticipated that climate change will increase the challenges of water management; less rainfall is anticipated during the dry season and more during the wet season, with more frequent extreme weather events and potentially worse seasonal water shortages and floods.
Impact Enhanced food security
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved management of water resources in Cambodia and more efficient and sustainable irrigation systems in the proposed project area
Progress Toward Outcome There is considerable progress in getting the legal reforms approved. The target date for these approvals is within Q1 of 2015. A review of these legal reforms will be carried out in Q2 of 2015.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

A. Enhanced capacity of government to manage water resources

B. Enhanced capacity of MOWRAM to manage and deliver irrigation services

C. Sustainable rehabilitation of existing small- and medium-scale irrigation schemes in the Tonle Sap basin

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

FWUCs Sub-decree:

Re-submitted to CoM on 27/10/14. Approval by PM expected within Q1 of 2015.

River Basin Management Sub-decree:

Re-submitted to CoM on 20/01/15

Water Licensing Sub-decree:

Not yet submitted to CoM. Revised draft expected to be completed within Q1 of 2015.

Water Quality Sub-decree:

Not yet submitted to CoM

The draft Royal Decree to establish the NC WRM was revised by WG6 in January 2014 and submitted to HE Minister. Based on the Minister's request of 25 March 2014, the RD was revised and re-submitted to the Minister. RD is expected to be approved by 31 March 2015.The National Water Resources Committee will be established immediately after that

Stung Sen river basin committee is informally formed and will be legalized after relevant sub-decree is approved by COM which is expected in Q1 of 2015.

The committee in the other basin, Stung Sen River Basin, is also established informally. The first meeting of SSRBC was held in December 2014.

Training plan has been adopted. 120 student, including 30% women, have been enrolled in four batchs starting from Sep 2011. The target of 100 students annually was over ambitious and was revised later on to 30 per year.

Significant progress has been achieved as the guidelines for division of asset responsibility between the Borrower and water users, and assigning appropriate responsibilities and rights for irrigation to respective FWUCS within the project area (TC#9) have been developed and shall be adopted upon approval of relevant sub-decree.

The review of MOWRAM's organizational structure, capacity, systems and staff resources, and defining the appropriate demarcation of responsibilities with MOWRAM for water resources management and irrigation service delivery (TC#10) is ongoing and would be completed by Q1 of 2015.

The preparation of a comprehensive irrigation O&M plan (TC#11) is ongoing, with significant progress being achieved in the consultative process of completing the guidelines for O&M mechanism and budgeting. The plan is expected to be finalized within Q1 of 2015 and implemented after the approval of the sub-decree on FWUCS.

The technical skills (vocational training) plan (TC#12) has been prepared through a training needs assessment (TNA) exercise. The delivery of training courses is expected to start by 31 March 2015.

Contracts for all ten subprojects including three core-subprojects (CSPs) have been awarded by Q2 2014. Overall, the progress is about 19% on all three CSPs with O Mean at 48%, O Touk at 72% and Spean Sreng-Trapaing Ambel at about 2%. The progress on 7 NCSPs is about 17% as only four NCSPs successfully started construction with O Chik at 39%, O Andaeng at 37%, Prasart Pram at 32% and O Neak Takair at 8%. The slight delay in construction for all subprojects was due to rains and floods at subproject sites during the rainy season. However, all civil works are expected to complete in the dry season of 2015.

Eleven Farmer Water User Communities (FWUCs) will be formulated, four in three CSPs and seven in NCSPs. FWUC formation in the CSPs is 57% complete while the formation of other seven FWUCs in NCSPs is 23% complete. (ii) Continuing assistance to FWUCs in previous ADB projects includes initial operations budget and on-demand technical support. Implementation progress of these activities is approximately 60%.

FWUC trainings are being undertaken. 30% of beneficiaries to be women are likely achieved.

Geographical Location National (program component), Tonle Sap basin (project component)
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An environmental assessment was conducted for the policy and project interventions. It indicates that the proposed policy interventions focusing on improved water resource management and institutional strengthening are likely to have major positive impacts and significantly contribute to water conservation and environmental protection. An initial environmental examination was conducted for a sample subproject to identify potential impacts, appropriate mitigation measures and monitoring mechanisms. It confirmed that the proposed investment component of the sector development program is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental impacts. Subprojects will follow environmental assessment procedures stipulated in the environmental assessment and review framework.
Involuntary Resettlement Limited involuntary resettlement is foreseen under the sector development program. For the project loan, subproject selection criteria limit the inclusion of any activities that would cause significant involuntary resettlement. Rehabilitation of irrigation systems will not cause significant resettlement impacts because the works will be along existing rights of way and will mainly require, if any, the acquisition of minor amounts of land, relocation of persons living in areas to be flooded or inundated (within existing or former reservoir areas), and minor compensation for trees, crops or possibly small buildings. The government has prepared and endorsed a resettlement framework. Resettlement costs will be financed by the government.
Indigenous Peoples Ethnic minorities, mainly Kouy, live and derive their livelihoods in upland areas of the watersheds. Field studies indicate that they are not likely to be affected or directly benefit from the rehabilitation of irrigation schemes, since they live outside the proposed subproject areas.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultation comprised (i) an extensive round of meetings with ministries, agencies, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and farmers in selected scheme areas; (ii) an introductory national workshop; (iii) multi-stakeholder group focus discussions on four key areas; and (iv) a final workshop. Discussions were held by ADB with the Ministers for Water Resources and Agriculture, senior officials of the Council of Agriculture and Rural Development, MOWRAM and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Ministry of Finance in respect of key policy issues and financing proposals. In addition to national and provincial agencies, beneficiary consultations, using participatory rural appraisal was conducted for all 24 potential subproject schemes and 4 core schemes.
During Project Implementation The design of the Program incorporates a number of mechanisms to ensure participation by a wide range of government and non-government stakeholders, including farmers' involvement through FWUCs. These include regular consultations with stakeholders, along with continuous collaborative efforts in the decision-making process.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be recruited according to ADB?s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. An international consulting firm in association with a national consulting firm will be engaged under quality and cost based selection (QCBS, 80:20), as well as individual specialist consultants, as required, to support the implementation of the Project Loan and Grant. Approximately 54 person months of international and 447 person months of national consulting inputs have been identified in the fields of irrigation engineering, procurement, operation and maintenance, construction supervision, irrigation organizations, agronomy, economics and finance, accounting, environment, social safeguards and resettlement, monitoring and evaluation and capacity building. These consultants will be engaged by MOWRAM at an estimated cost of $3.4 million.
Procurement

Goods (vehicles, motorcycles, furniture, equipment)

Estimated cumulative value = $690,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB/shopping

Rehabilitation of Schemes (civil works):

Estimated cumulative value = $15,400,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB

Responsible ADB Officer Raza Mahmood Farrukh
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and MeteorologyH.E. Veng Sakhonsakhonv@online.com.kh#47 Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Sep 2006
Fact Finding 23 Feb 2010 to 05 Mar 2010
MRM 31 Aug 2010
Approval 23 Sep 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Grant 0220-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 2.80 23 Sep 2010 0.94 0.00 34%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 0.73 0.00 26%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Loan 2672-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 17.12 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 23 Sep 2010 6.09 0.00 64%
Counterpart 7.12 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 4.16 0.00 44%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Loan 2673-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2013 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 20.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 23 Sep 2010 10.37 0.00 53%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 10.37 0.00 53%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Loan 8253-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Sep 2010 23 Feb 2011 03 Jun 2011 15 Sep 2015 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 10.94 91%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 3.63 30%

TA 7610-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 08 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2011 30 Sep 2015 31 Dec 2018 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 3,750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,750,000.00 23 Sep 2010 5,825,731.25
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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