Cambodia: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program

Sovereign Project | 38558-013 Status: Approved

Summary

ADB is helping Cambodia improve the management of its water resources and upgrade irrigation services. The project will rehabilitate and upgrade about 15,000 hectares of small- and medium-sized irrigation schemes within the Tonle Sap basin. It will also strengthen the capacity of the government and communities to manage water resources.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Project Number 38558-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0220-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 2.80 million
Loan 2672-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Loan 2673-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan 8253-CAM: Water Resources Management Sector Development Program
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 12.00 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector (Supplementary)
Nordic Development Fund US$ 3.75 million
TA 7610-CAM: Supporting Policy and Institutional Reforms and Capacity Development in the Water Sector
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will (i) strengthen the capacity of the Government and empower beneficiary communities to sustainably manage water resources; (ii) increase agrcultural production in a sustainable and participatory way; and (iii) enhance beneficiary livelihoods and market opportunities for surplus crop, livestock and fisheries production.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Cambodia's economy is highly dependent on water. It's importance for food production, rural livelihoods and economic development is recognized in the Government's Rectangular Strategy on Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency (Phase 2, 2008), the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP, 2006-2013), and the Strategy for Agriculture and Water Resources (SAW, 2009-2013). Rainfall distribution and river discharges are highly seasonal, variable and unpredictable, with a natural pattern of wet and dry seasons, typhoons, floods and droughts. Coupled with this, the annual rise and fall of the Mekong River has both positive and negative effects - sustaining the critical water cycles of the Tonle Sap Lake and Lower Mekong delta necessary for agriculture and fisheries production, but with the potential to cause major flooding and damage to infrastructure and crops, and loss of life. It is anticipated that climate change will increase the challenges of water management; less rainfall is anticipated during the dry season and more during the wet season, with more frequent extreme weather events and potentially worse seasonal water shortages and floods.
Impact Enhanced food security
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved management of water resources in Cambodia and more efficient and sustainable irrigation systems in the proposed project area
Progress Toward Outcome The Government has requested for a six-month extension of the program loan's closing date and confirmed their commitment to complete all requirements needed to release the second tranche within 2015. The Sub-decree on River Basin Management has been approved. The other two sub-decrees relating to water quality and water licensing will be approved within the proposed loan closing date of 31 December 2015.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

A. Enhanced capacity of government to manage water resources

B. Enhanced capacity of MOWRAM to manage and deliver irrigation services

C. Sustainable rehabilitation of existing small- and medium-scale irrigation schemes in the Tonle Sap basin

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Overall Progress of Project Implementation:

Project implementation continued to make good progress since the mid-term review mission February 2015. The construction works for the ten subprojects, including 3 core sub-projects, have been mostly complete, except for Spean Sreng-Trapaing Ambel of which the construction progress was estimated at 70%. The actions plan agreed during the mid-term review mission have been followed. As of 31 July 2015, the physical progress was estimated at 74% against an elapsed time of 64% from the loan/Grant approval date. However, the resettlement works have yet to finalize and only two resettlement plans (RPs) have been submitted to ADB for review. As a result, compensation to affected farmers has yet been paid though the construction works of the ten subprojects are more or less complete. The quality of construction works of all subprojects needs to be strengthened, particularly for O Chik, O Tuk, and O Mean. The agreement between MOWRAM and MLMUPC on provision of land titles to farmers has yet been signed due to time consuming in approval process.

The FWUCs Sub-decree was approved on 12 March 2015.

River Basin Management Sub-decree was approved on 10 July 2015.

The other two sub-decrees relating to water quality and water licensing will be approved within the proposed loan closing date of 31 December 2015.

Report on Institutional Arrangements for the Management of Water Resources in Cambodia' identifies no coordination issues between CNMC, TSA & MOWRAM. Previously, the CNMC and the TSA were quite separate organizations, but now they are chaired by the MOWRAM Minister and operate under the same control and budgeting process as MOWRAM.

Coordination with RBCs is described in the recently approved RBM SD.

The Chairman of the NRBMC is to issue a letter which clarifies coordination and cooperation mechanisms.

Stung Sen river basin committee is informally formed and will soon be legalized following the recent approval of the RBM sub-decree.

The committee in other basin, Stung Sreng River Basin, is also established informally. The first meeting of SSRBC was held in December 2014.

Traning plan has been adopted. 120 students, including 30% women, have been enrolled in four batchs starting from Sep 2011 in ITC for Bachelor degree in water resources engineering .

Guidelines on the division of asset responsibility between the Government and FWUCs have been developed.

Implementation of the guidelines to establish legal status of irrigation works and assigned rights has been demonstrated in the project provinces (as part of NWISP).

(a) The report on Institutional Arrangements for the Management of Water Resources in Cambodia (including review of MOWRAM's organizational structure) was completed in February 2015.

(b) The report describes clearly the demarcation of responsibilities within MOWRAM for water resource management and irrigation service delivery. The report concludes that separation of responsibilities for water resource management and irrigation service delivery is clear under the present arrangements and departmental roles are well understood.' The report also makes recommendations for structures which would further strengthen separation.

Comprehensive O&M plan completed in October 2014 and integrated with Policy and Implementation Manual (including Guidelines) for O&M of Irrigation schemes. Plan implementation commenced from early 2014 and resulted in an MEF approved budget for 2015 of $8.0 million for O&M in 131 irrigation schemes. Training to support PDWRAMs for implementation of O&M was undertaken in Q1 2015.

(a) Trainings delivered at provincial level in the project area (Battambang, Banteay Meancheay, Pursat and Kampong Thom) from 2012 to 2014 under Component C-Project loan. Trainings on O&M, budget preparation, accounting, climate change, CISIS, IWRM and gender issues conducted by CDTA. (b) TSC training courses were prepared in cooperation with FWUC Department. Training materials were updated to include new FWUC SD and new funding modality for FWUCs (referring to Guidelines for Sustainable FWUCs).

Civil works contracts for all ten subprojects were awarded between November 2013 and June 2014. By the end of June 2015, progress of construction works was about 70% on all three core subprojects. Progress for seven non-core subprojects was about 60% as only four non-core subprojects were able to start construction.

Eleven Farmer Water User Communities (FWUCs) were to be formed, four in three core subprojects and seven in non-core subprojects. FWUC formation in the core subprojecs is 80% complete while the formation of other seven FWUCs in NCSPs is 30% complete. (ii) Continuing assistance to FWUCs includes initial operations budget and on-demand technical support. Implementation progress of these activities is approximately 70%.

FWUC trainings are being undertaken. Target of 30% of beneficiaries to be women is likely to be achieved.

Geographical Location National (program component), Tonle Sap basin (project component)
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An environmental assessment was conducted for the policy and project interventions. It indicates that the proposed policy interventions focusing on improved water resource management and institutional strengthening are likely to have major positive impacts and significantly contribute to water conservation and environmental protection. An initial environmental examination was conducted for a sample subproject to identify potential impacts, appropriate mitigation measures and monitoring mechanisms. It confirmed that the proposed investment component of the sector development program is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental impacts. Subprojects will follow environmental assessment procedures stipulated in the environmental assessment and review framework.
Involuntary Resettlement Limited involuntary resettlement is foreseen under the sector development program. For the project loan, subproject selection criteria limit the inclusion of any activities that would cause significant involuntary resettlement. Rehabilitation of irrigation systems will not cause significant resettlement impacts because the works will be along existing rights of way and will mainly require, if any, the acquisition of minor amounts of land, relocation of persons living in areas to be flooded or inundated (within existing or former reservoir areas), and minor compensation for trees, crops or possibly small buildings. The government has prepared and endorsed a resettlement framework. Resettlement costs will be financed by the government.
Indigenous Peoples Ethnic minorities, mainly Kouy, live and derive their livelihoods in upland areas of the watersheds. Field studies indicate that they are not likely to be affected or directly benefit from the rehabilitation of irrigation schemes, since they live outside the proposed subproject areas.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultation comprised (i) an extensive round of meetings with ministries, agencies, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and farmers in selected scheme areas; (ii) an introductory national workshop; (iii) multi-stakeholder group focus discussions on four key areas; and (iv) a final workshop. Discussions were held by ADB with the Ministers for Water Resources and Agriculture, senior officials of the Council of Agriculture and Rural Development, MOWRAM and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Ministry of Finance in respect of key policy issues and financing proposals. In addition to national and provincial agencies, beneficiary consultations, using participatory rural appraisal was conducted for all 24 potential subproject schemes and 4 core schemes.
During Project Implementation The design of the Program incorporates a number of mechanisms to ensure participation by a wide range of government and non-government stakeholders, including farmers' involvement through FWUCs. These include regular consultations with stakeholders, along with continuous collaborative efforts in the decision-making process.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be recruited according to ADB?s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. An international consulting firm in association with a national consulting firm will be engaged under quality and cost based selection (QCBS, 80:20), as well as individual specialist consultants, as required, to support the implementation of the Project Loan and Grant. Approximately 54 person months of international and 447 person months of national consulting inputs have been identified in the fields of irrigation engineering, procurement, operation and maintenance, construction supervision, irrigation organizations, agronomy, economics and finance, accounting, environment, social safeguards and resettlement, monitoring and evaluation and capacity building. These consultants will be engaged by MOWRAM at an estimated cost of $3.4 million.
Procurement

Goods (vehicles, motorcycles, furniture, equipment)

Estimated cumulative value = $690,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB/shopping

Rehabilitation of Schemes (civil works):

Estimated cumulative value = $15,400,000

Estimated number of contracts = multiple

Procurement method = NCB

Responsible ADB Officer Raza Farrukh
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology
H.E. Veng Sakhon
sakhonv@online.com.kh
#47 Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Sep 2006
Fact Finding 23 Feb 2010 to 05 Mar 2010
MRM 31 Aug 2010
Approval 23 Sep 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 24 Sep 2015

Grant 0220-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 2.80 23 Sep 2010 0.97 0.00 35%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 1.01 0.00 36%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2672-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 17.12 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 23 Sep 2010 5.60 0.00 59%
Counterpart 7.12 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 5.37 0.00 57%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2673-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 03 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2013 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 20.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 23 Sep 2010 10.37 0.00 53%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2010 10.37 0.00 53%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8253-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Sep 2010 23 Feb 2011 03 Jun 2011 15 Sep 2015 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 11.08 92%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.00 21 Sep 2010 0.00 7.55 63%

TA 7610-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 08 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2011 30 Sep 2015 31 Dec 2018 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 3,750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,750,000.00 23 Sep 2010 6,494,714.70
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory Unsatisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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