Overall Progress of Project Implementation:
Project implementation continued to make good progress since the mid-term review mission February 2015. The construction works for the ten subprojects, including 3 core sub-projects, have been mostly complete, except for Spean Sreng-Trapaing Ambel of which the construction progress was estimated at 70%. The actions plan agreed during the mid-term review mission have been followed. As of 31 July 2015, the physical progress was estimated at 74% against an elapsed time of 64% from the loan/Grant approval date. However, the resettlement works have yet to finalize and only two resettlement plans (RPs) have been submitted to ADB for review. As a result, compensation to affected farmers has yet been paid though the construction works of the ten subprojects are more or less complete. The quality of construction works of all subprojects needs to be strengthened, particularly for O Chik, O Tuk, and O Mean. The agreement between MOWRAM and MLMUPC on provision of land titles to farmers has yet been signed due to time consuming in approval process.
The FWUCs Sub-decree was approved on 12 March 2015.
River Basin Management Sub-decree was approved on 10 July 2015.
The other two sub-decrees relating to water quality and water licensing will be approved within the proposed loan closing date of 31 December 2015.
Report on Institutional Arrangements for the Management of Water Resources in Cambodia' identifies no coordination issues between CNMC, TSA & MOWRAM. Previously, the CNMC and the TSA were quite separate organizations, but now they are chaired by the MOWRAM Minister and operate under the same control and budgeting process as MOWRAM.
Coordination with RBCs is described in the recently approved RBM SD.
The Chairman of the NRBMC is to issue a letter which clarifies coordination and cooperation mechanisms.
Stung Sen river basin committee is informally formed and will soon be legalized following the recent approval of the RBM sub-decree.
The committee in other basin, Stung Sreng River Basin, is also established informally. The first meeting of SSRBC was held in December 2014.
Traning plan has been adopted. 120 students, including 30% women, have been enrolled in four batchs starting from Sep 2011 in ITC for Bachelor degree in water resources engineering .
Guidelines on the division of asset responsibility between the Government and FWUCs have been developed.
Implementation of the guidelines to establish legal status of irrigation works and assigned rights has been demonstrated in the project provinces (as part of NWISP).
(a) The report on Institutional Arrangements for the Management of Water Resources in Cambodia (including review of MOWRAM's organizational structure) was completed in February 2015.
(b) The report describes clearly the demarcation of responsibilities within MOWRAM for water resource management and irrigation service delivery. The report concludes that separation of responsibilities for water resource management and irrigation service delivery is clear under the present arrangements and departmental roles are well understood.' The report also makes recommendations for structures which would further strengthen separation.
Comprehensive O&M plan completed in October 2014 and integrated with Policy and Implementation Manual (including Guidelines) for O&M of Irrigation schemes. Plan implementation commenced from early 2014 and resulted in an MEF approved budget for 2015 of $8.0 million for O&M in 131 irrigation schemes. Training to support PDWRAMs for implementation of O&M was undertaken in Q1 2015.
(a) Trainings delivered at provincial level in the project area (Battambang, Banteay Meancheay, Pursat and Kampong Thom) from 2012 to 2014 under Component C-Project loan. Trainings on O&M, budget preparation, accounting, climate change, CISIS, IWRM and gender issues conducted by CDTA. (b) TSC training courses were prepared in cooperation with FWUC Department. Training materials were updated to include new FWUC SD and new funding modality for FWUCs (referring to Guidelines for Sustainable FWUCs).
Civil works contracts for all ten subprojects were awarded between November 2013 and June 2014. By the end of June 2015, progress of construction works was about 70% on all three core subprojects. Progress for seven non-core subprojects was about 60% as only four non-core subprojects were able to start construction.
Eleven Farmer Water User Communities (FWUCs) were to be formed, four in three core subprojects and seven in non-core subprojects. FWUC formation in the core subprojecs is 80% complete while the formation of other seven FWUCs in NCSPs is 30% complete. (ii) Continuing assistance to FWUCs includes initial operations budget and on-demand technical support. Implementation progress of these activities is approximately 70%.
FWUC trainings are being undertaken. Target of 30% of beneficiaries to be women is likely to be achieved.