Cambodia: Enhancing Education Quality Project

Sovereign Project | 38559-022

Summary

The Project will help the Government achieve its goal of poverty reduction and economic development by providing support for enhancing the quality of education through institutional capacity development for planning, design, and delivery of education services and by strengthening secondary education.

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Title Document Date
Enhancing Education Quality Oct 2013

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Project Name Enhancing Education Quality Project
Project Number 38559-022
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0090-CAM: Enhancing Education Quality Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 27.10 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development - Secondary
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will help the Government achieve its goal of poverty reduction and economic development by providing support for enhancing the quality of education through institutional capacity development for planning, design, and delivery of education services and by strengthening secondary education.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Government accords high priority to enhancing the quality of education to make the education system more efficient and to improve learning achievements. It also recognizes that investments in secondary education are necessary to meet the growing demand for a well educated and skilled work force.
Impact Increased number of school graduates with improved knowledge and skills
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved quality and efficiency of secondary education service delivery.
Progress Toward Outcome

The project is nearing completion with overall weighted progress at 97%. Cumulative contract awards are at $26.8 million or 99% and cumulative disbursements are at $26.9 million or 99% against the total grant funds of $27.1 million.

Project achievements are summarized below.

Output 1: Education System Management and Development

More than 50,000 copies of education law and 12,000 posters printed and distributed. Training provided to all school deputy directors and above. TV spots to promote the law produced.

Gender mainstreaming strategic plan (2011-2015) published and disseminated.

Teacher education and management framework, including a Teacher Policy developed and adopted on 27 May 2013.

NIEs institutional development plan approved, and Research Capacity Development Plan prepared and training workshops conducted.

NIEs multimedia resource center established with multimedia equipment for pre- and in-service teacher training.

Research reports on impact assessment of scholarship and training under EEQP completed.

Research on impact of textbooks distributed to upper secondary schools under EEQP ongoing.

Fully integrated educational MIS (EMIS, HRMIS and FMIS).

Quality assurance system for TTCs completed and secondary school self-assessment and tools piloted.

Staff of Curriculum Development Department have capacity to administer evaluation and tendering of teaching and learning materials, including textbooks.

Output 2: Professional Development of Teachers

Competency standards for TTC directors approved. Management and leadership training manuals developed and printed. Three hundred and sixty TTC directors and senior staff attended the training. Monitoring and assessment guidelines for teacher performance approved and printed.

Approval of the review procedure for teacher training curriculum contents and methodology ongoing.

Four PTTC learning centers, including sanitation facilities, and 3 girls dormitories, and 14 female sanitation facilities have been built. Science equipment is equipped in 6 RTTCs. Twenty TTC computer labs are installed with Thin Client computer technology

Four hundred (400) students (of which 60% are females) from remote and disadvantaged areas received scholarships for teacher training program at RTTCs, and 100 students (of which 60% are females) for teacher training program at NIE.

ICT teacher trainer manual approved and printed. Package of instructional materials for ToT developed for basic English, use of multimedia and ICT. Training of 60 core trainers completed.

More than 4,600 under qualified lower secondary teachers (of which 35% are females) participated in training programs at RTTCs and around 3,750 upper secondary teachers (of which 33% are females) participated in basic English training program (3,000 teachers) and in ICT course (750 teachers).

Video/DVD/audio materials and manuals produced to support science experiments at NIE, and Multimedia standards package installed in 24 TTCs.

Output 3: Strengthening Secondary Education

Secondary education master plan approved and its implementation plan implemented.

Eighteen (18) upper secondary resource centres (SRCs) built in addition to the 18 SRCs constructed under ESDP-2. They are equipped with science and computer labs equipment, library books, and furniture for offices. Training on roles and responsibilities of SRS conducted.

Four thousand (4,000) students (60% of whom are females) from remote and disadvantaged areas received scholarships to attend and complete upper secondary education. Guidelines and operational manual for scholarship developed and implemented.

Tourism and ICT curriculum for grade 11 and 12, and English curriculum for grade 7-9 printed and disseminated to schools.

Printed and distributed 1,489,018 copies of student textbooks and 31,658 copies of teacher manuals for grade 10 to 12 printed and distributed in all upper secondary schools.

Standards-based assessment and exemplar assessment for upper secondary schools approved. More than 4,000 technical group leaders (of whom 30% are females) trained and all secondary teachers trained in standards-based assessment.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

OUTPUT 1: Education System Management and Development

1.1 Awareness of Education Law and MoEYS Gender Mainstreaming Policy

1.2 Policy framework for teacher education and teacher management

1.3 Review of the organization and function of MoEYS at central, province, district, and school levels

1.4 Strengthened National Institute of Education

1.5 Information systems strengthened at national, provincial, district, levels and consolidated at central

level

1.6 Introduction of monitoring and quality assurance systems in place and functional in schools and TTCs

1.7 Enhanced capacity of the Pedagogic Research Department and the Education Materials Approval

Board

OUTPUT 2: Teacher Professional Development

2.1 Enhanced management capacity of teacher training institutions

2.2 Upgraded facilities, including ICT at TTCs

2.3 Increased enrolment of females and students from remote and disadvantaged areas in lower secondary and upper secondary teacher training programs

2.4 Improved skills and competencies of teacher trainers in the preservice teacher training program

2.5 Improved teaching skills and competencies of secondary teachers

2.6 Introduce multimedia methods for teacher education

OUTPUT 3: Strengthening Secondary Education

3.1 Secondary education development plan

3.2 Strengthened secondary school networks, school management, and school improvement planning

3.3 Increased enrolment in secondary schools of girls and children from remote and disadvantaged areas

3.4 Upgraded secondary school facilities

3.5 Curriculum in priority areas including ICT is developed and in use in secondary school

3.6 Upper secondary schools countrywide have textbooks and teachers' guides

3.7 Assessment of student achievement in secondary education is based on curriculum standards

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

WORK COMPLETED :

Training provided for all school Deputy Directors and above

50,000 copies of education law and 12,000 posters provided to schools

4,200 additional copies Education Law phase II printed

TV spots prepared to promote the Education Law and programmed over a two week period

Poster, Stage II design completed and approved for:

- Picture 1: Article 16: Early Childhood protection and education

- Picture 2: Article 38, 39: Special education, disability education

- Picture 3: Article 44 : Participation, mobilization and the management of resources for education

Evaluation report on the impact of the Law on Education at provincial levels was completed in early 2014

Impact study reported that the education Law was not widely understood outside of those who attended seminars on the topic

Gender Mainstreaming Strategic Plan (GMSP) (2011-2015) published

GMSP disseminated at sub-national level on 29 September 2012 in Kampong Speu

The implications of the GMSP was examined as it applied to the EEQP

Quarterly meetings were held with the Gender Implementation Group to provide recommendations and advice to EEQP.

WORK COMPLETED:

Teacher education and management framework developed

Vision, Purpose and policies defined

Draft Teacher education and management strategies defined

Consultative meeting held to discuss Shared funding for consultative workshops

Consultative workshops held in 3 provinces

Final consultative workshop held in Phnom Penh June 2013

Teacher Education Policy Framework completed in December 2012

This sub-output was successful.

Senior managers have provided options for restructuring to decentralise functions

The networking of schools is a first step to develop a localised response to educational needs.

This sub-output was successfully achieved and the development plan has been implemented.

The NIE research capacity has reached a sustainable level and funding has been allocated to research.

Research work needs to be maintained to improve research quality and capacity and lead to publishing relevant topics

The quality of teaching has improved significantly following the training in action research, methodology and multimedia (see 2.6 for reference to multimedia outputs).

The Multimedia resource Centre was successfully

Centre established with a wide range of equipment and is capable of producing high quality multimedia learning material for teacher trainees and teacher outreach programs.

60 multimedia DVDs on teaching science and other subjects have been produced and will be available to schools and teachers from YouTube.

The preparation of programs and curriculum provide a solid foundation for pre service and in-service programs for teachers and managers.

Pre-service programs have been held with NIE students in the SRcs, material has been prepared for in-service training for teachers and manager. The teacher policy now ensures that inservice training will continue following on from the science training that has been conducted .

The MIS aims and objectives formulated successfully. The system developed on existing procedures and reports.

The MIS development plan was completed after resolving system needs and supply availability

A web based system was chosen as this requires less maintenance and software modifications can be installed centrally.

The MIS infrastructure has already had a profound effect on the Ministry and MEF as the need for a full finance system has become apparent.

The system reports will be generated accurately and as required.

MIS software specifically prepared for Cambodia s MoEYS needs.

The system has been piloted using HRMIS and EMIS

Full functionality will occur as soon as the financial system (FMIS) is trialled.

A QA system has been installed This output is partly successful at this stage with self assessment systems developed for both TTCs and lower and upper secondary schools.

The QA system for TTCs have been trialled, modified and implemented.

USS & LSS have not yet applied the system in a practical way at this stage.

The DCD capacity training was successfully conducted to meet the Milestone.

Training in evaluation of teaching and learning material was successfully conducted to meet the Milestone.

Although strategy developed for competitive tendering of textbooks DCD is not yet ready to consider book preparation or tendering at this stage.

This sub-output was successfully achieved and met all milestones.

360 Directors and senior staff of teacher training institutions were successfully trained.

This sub-output was successfully completed but adjustments had to be made when some facilities to be upgraded were found to be beyond repair and new structures were necessary.

Four Resource Centres constructed.

Three Girl s dormitories were constructed and one contract was terminated for poor performance and was retendered.

14 Girls toilets were constructed successfully.

3 PTTC new classrooms constructed and 1 successfully renovated.

The library books were difficult to purchase as it took months to prepare booklists as librarians were not able to specify books required in a format satisfactory for tendering and supplies had difficulty with volume.

This sub-output was partly successful with a fluctuating enrolment of female students at the NIE but a more optimistic final enrolment closely approaching the 40% target.

Percentage of female students in TTCs increased from 40% in 2006 to 50% by 2013.

Academic year 2010 -2011,

1,500 teacher trainees enrolled, 726 or 48.40% are female

Academic year 2011 -2012,

1,500 teacher trainees enrolled, 779 or 51.93% are female

In academic year 2012-2013,

1,350 teacher trainees enrolled in TTCs, 774 or 57.33% are female (7.3% over target)

In academic year 2013-2014,

1,000 teacher trainees enrolled in TTCs, 576 or 57.60% are female (7.6% over target)

Achieved: 500 students (of which 60% are girls) from remote and disadvantaged areas receive scholarships.

RTTC

AY 09/10 50 (37 F)

AY 10/11 - 100 (77 F)

AY 11/12 - 100 (137 F)

AY 12/13 - 100 (137 F)

AY 13/14 - 50 (48 F)

NIE

AY 09/10 10 (6 F)

AY 10/11 - 20 (12 F)

AY 11/12 - 20 (12 F)

AY 12/13 - 20 (12 F)

AY 13/14 - 30 (18 F)

Total

AY 09/10 - 120 (37 F)

AY 10/11 - 120 (77 F)

AY 11/12 - 220 (137 F)

AY 12/13 - 220 (137 F)

AY 13/14 - 80 (48 F)

Total scholarships by 2014

NIE: 100 (60 F)

RTTC: 400 (240 F)

This sub-output was successfully achieved and the impact study supported the successful outcome.

This sub- output was successfully achieved but requires follow up by TGLs to ensure that teachers make regular use of multimedia materials. DVDs, and video clips produced of science experiments need monitoring. A program for continuous production and application of science teaching material is required.

This sub-output was successfully achieved. The further implementation of the plan was incorporated into the EEQP Annual plans.

This sub-output was successfully achieved and the networks established and authorised.

However, the ongoing success of the networks is dependent on strong leadership by the Principal of the SRS.

Some local training programs have been conducted within the SRCs for the networks at this stage. 26 upper secondary school networks inaugurated by Ministerial Decree. All upper secondary schools have SIPs but these can degenerate into a routine submission unless resources are available for implementation.

Resource school and network-based resource teaching achieved. The training was extended with the training of 609 TGLs trained in instructional leadership.

This sub-output was successfully achieved for the 2013/4 academic year.

This sub-output was successfully achieved.

However, construction completion dates were extended for most sites and required close supervision.

One contract was terminated and re tendered.

This led to late delivery of furniture and equipment. Laboratory equipment delivered to SRCs.

However, teaching staff had difficulty using the equipment.

This sub-output was successfully achieved. Tourism and ICT programs trialled in 2013.

This sub-output was successfully achieved.

A textbook controversy was caused by the report that EEQP textbooks were being sold in the market place.

An investigation showed that although text book delivery needed management review there was little evidence of EEQP textbooks being sold.

This sub-output was successfully achieved.

The examinations office received extended training and this proved useful.

The phased roll out of Standards-based assessment was ceased in 2013 for a curriculum review.

Geographical Location Cambodia
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The project will be supported by approximately 553 person-months of consulting services (219 person-months international and 334 person-months national). The selection and engagement of consulting services will be procured in a single package requiring a full technical proposal and using a quality-cost ratio of 80:20 for quality and cost-based selection in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The consulting services are designed to provide technical support to the Project management and implementation, as well as to build longer-term institutional development and capacity for planning, management, delivery of professional development for teachers, and secondary education. The consulting services cover broad areas of expertise that include (i) institutional development, (ii) Management Information System development, (iii) professional development for teachers, (iv) curriculum and materials development (including ICT), (v) examination reform, (vi) facilities and equipment improvement, and (vii) gender and equitable access. ADB has approved advance action for recruitment of consultants.

The Executing Agency may start the process of selection of consultants. Advance action does not include signing of the contract with the identified consultant firm.

Procurement

All ADB-financed goods and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. The project director, assisted by the project staff, will be responsible for all procurement. Supply contracts for goods estimated at $100,000 equivalent or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Supply contracts for goods such as vehicles and computers (except in the case of textbooks and instructional materials) of less than $100,000 but more than $20,000 will follow national competitive bidding procedures. Minor items costing less than $20,000 but more than $5,000 equivalent may be procured by direct purchase with advertising, and items costing less than $5,000 may be procured by direct purchase without advertising. Supply contracts for textbooks and instructional materials may be awarded to Publishing and Distribution House on the basis of direct purchase. Details of procurement packages and technical specifications must be submitted for the Ministry of Economy and Finance and ADB for approval before procurement.

Project civil works will consist of construction and/or upgrade of learning facilities, dormitories, and water and sanitation facilities at Teacher Trainig Colleges (TTCs) and secondary schools. The civil works component will be financed by ADB and the government and will be awarded on the basis of national competitive bidding procedure, following Government procedures acceptable to ADB. The project director, assisted by the project staff and technical unit in charge, will also ensure that appropriate maintenance contractual arrangements are signed prior to the commissioning of civil works at the expense of the government in order to ensure that the constructed civil works are well maintained during their economic life.

All ADB-financed goods and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. The project director, assisted by the project staff, will be responsible for all procurement.

Supply contracts for goods estimated at $100,000 equivalent or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Supply contracts for goods such as vehicles and computers (except in the case of textbooks and instructional materials) of less than $100,000 but more than $20,000 will follow national competitive bidding procedures. Minor items costing less than $20,000 but more than $5,000 equivalent may be procured by direct purchase with advertising, and items costing less than $5,000 may be procured by direct purchase without advertising. Supply contracts for textbooks and instructional materials may be awarded to Publishing and Distribution House on the basis of direct purchase. Details of procurement packages and technical specifications must be submitted for the Ministry of Economy and Finance and ADB for approval before procurement.

Project civil works will consist of construction and/or upgrade of learning facilities, dormitories, and water and sanitation facilities at TTCs and secondary schools. The civil works component will be financed by ADB and the government and will be awarded on the basis of national competitive bidding procedure, following Government procedures acceptable to ADB. The project director, assisted by the project staff and technical unit in charge, will also ensure that appropriate maintenance contractual arrangements are signed prior to the commissioning of civil works at the expense of the government in order to ensure that the constructed civil works are well maintained during their economic life.

Responsible ADB Officer Kimie Tanabe
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and SportsH. E. Koeu Nay Leangdge@online.com.khPhnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 25 Jan 2005
Fact Finding 02 Jul 2007 to 13 Jul 2007
MRM 10 Aug 2007
Approval 23 Nov 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 20 Jun 2008
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Grant 0090-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Nov 2007 18 Feb 2008 15 Sep 2008 31 Oct 2014 31 Dec 2014 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 33.38 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 27.10 23 Nov 2007 27.10 0.00 100%
Counterpart 6.28 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Nov 2007 27.10 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Enhancing Education Quality Procurement Plans Oct 2013
Enhancing Education Quality Project Project/Program Administration Manual Nov 2008
Grant Agreement for Enhancing Education Quality Project between Kingdom of Cambodia and Asian Development Bank dated 18 February 2008 Grant Agreement Feb 2008
Proposed Asian Development Fund: Enhancing Education Quality Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2007
Enhancing Education Quality Project Design and Monitoring Frameworks Aug 2007

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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