The outcome of the TA will be the implementation of institutional reforms and IWRM principles for water sector management in GM at district and county administrative levels. This will be replicated in other areas and, if appropriate, extended to higher administrative levels. The expected impact will be the TA's contribution to the outcome of the GIWRMSP - that water supply and demand in Guiyang Municipality are balanced in a sustainable manner.
The TA will be implemented in two phases. During phase 1, to be conducted over a period of 5 months, the consultants will undertake a comprehensive institutional assessment and develop a detailed institutional reform proposal based on IWRM principles. Specifically, the consultants will: (i) review the Master Plan and examine IWRM reforms that have occurred elsewhere in the PRC to apply appropriate lessons to GM and in its Master Plan; (ii) based on a single river catchment area, document current institutional arrangements for water sector management in urban and rural areas, and undertake systems, stakeholder and participatory problem tree analyses to fully understand the constraints to the implementation of IWRM at the township, county, and municipal levels of government; (iii) based on these analyses, prepare a comprehensive strategy and a detailed set of proposals for the progressive implementation of IWRM principles to the selected area; (iv) prepare an IWRM plan for implementation over a wider area in a three to five-year period and propose specific modifications to the Master Plan; (v) prepare proposals for the monitoring of IWRM implementation actions, issues resolution and stakeholder participation during the IWRM Plan's implementation period; (vi) identify consultants with expertise required to implement and monitor IWRM actions, which are to be carried out in phase 2 of the assignment; and (vii) assist GMG to organise the first workshop at which the proposals and implementation of the IWRM Plan can be discussed in the presence of ADB and invited national experts, as well as local stakeholders. Findings from phase 1 activities will be presented at a participatory workshop and included in a comprehensive report to GMG, local-level governments, and ADB for consideration and approval.
During phase 2, to be conducted over a period of 17 months, consultants will support the implementation of the proposed institutional reforms, review initial experiences and document lessons. Specifically, the consultants will: (i) work with stakeholders at the township, county, and municipal levels to assist in introducing institutional reforms and implementing the IWRM Plan formulated in phase 1; (ii) document issues that arise and how these are resolved; (iii) review the original IWRM strategy and Plan, and suggest appropriate modifications (including modifications to implementation arrangements and monitoring); (iv) assist GMG to organize the second workshop at which preliminary implementation results and lessons can be discussed; (v) work with officials at the provincial level to determine the legal and institutional changes needed for IWRM activities that require higher level approvals; and (vi) consider how the results of the TA can be replicated in other parts of GM, Guizhou Province, and in the PRC generally, and make recommendations accordingly. Findings from phase 2 activities will be presented at a second participatory workshop and incorporated into the draft and final reports of the TA.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||Water resources and availability in China vary significantly across regions and by season, which represents a major development challenge as the demand for water is rising with rapid economic development and increased urbanization. In rural areas, well-developed and maintained infrastructure, including irrigation facilities, is a precondition for reasonable living standards and is critical for poverty alleviation. Effective water resource allocation and management is needed to maximize the benefits of water usage. With the development objective of promoting equitable and inclusive growth, ADB's strategy for assistance and operations in China includes support for integrated water resources management (IWRM) to minimize damage from droughts and floods in poor provinces, and protect the fragile ecosystems that many of the poor depend on for livelihoods.