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39038-013: Heilongjiang Roads Network Development Project
Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details
The Project, in the middle of Heilongjiang province, is designed to promote sustainable economic growth by improving the Jixi-Nehe highway, a key trunk highway in the northeast. The Project will comprise (i) the upgrading of 428 km of the Jixi-Nehe highway, from class III or unclassified to class II or I; (ii) the improvement of rural link roads, totaling 170 km, to strengthen the integrated network in the project area; (iii) rural road maintenance; and (iv) equipment, consulting services, capacity development, and land acquisition and resettlement.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Cutting across the middle part of the province through 11 counties, the 775 km Jixi-Nehe corridor is a major route connecting the eastern and western parts of the northeast region. Despite its critical role in networking areas, more than a half of the corridor is either class-III or IV highways, or gravel roads, all in poor condition. Some sections have no drainage system and are impassable during winter or wet seasons. Traffic congestion due to poor road condition often causes transport costs to spiral. Likewise, the expansion of economic activities is severley hampered by poor transport conditions. The Project will upgrade about half of the Jixi-Nehe highway. Forming part of the trunk network that is vital to economic development in the northeast, the project highway will heighten transport efficiency and safety, enhance the transport network in Heilongjiang, and improve access to income-generating opportunities and social services. The Project is a Government priority as it will help revitalize the northeast region as an industrial hub, a key strategy in the 11th Five-Year Plan. The Government also assigns high priority to developing local roads to promote economic growth and reduce poverty in rural areas. The Project will receive ADB's first loan to upgrade provincial high and improve rural link roads to strengthen the local road network.
Improved transport system that supports economic growth and socioeconomic development in Heilongjiang province and the project area
Project OutcomeDescription of Outcome
An efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly road transport system developed in HeilongjiangProgress Towards Outcome
The project has been implemented satisfactorily. Assessment of progress in achieving the Project's outcome is pending by submission of EA's project completion report.
Implementation ProgressDescription of Project Outputs
1. Road infrastructure and associated equipment and facilities improved along the project road 2. Road infrastructure and associated facilities improved for rural link roads in the project area 3. Private sector participation encouraged in project road maintenance 4. Domestic capacity strengthened in road maintenance and management system, and monitoring and evaluationStatus of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress
1 and 2. All civil works completed. PROJECT HIGHWAY (26 ICB contracts) - Works commenced in Apr 2007 and completed in Sep 2009. Physical progress as of end Sep 2009 is 100%. BUILDINGS (10 NCB contracts) - All 10 contracts were signed on 28 Oct 2008 and completed by end Sep 2009. ADMINISTRATION FACILITIES AND GREENING (8 NCB contracts) - completed end September 2009. Road safety auditing was undertaken by the team of provincial road safety experts on the detailed designs of the project roads including the main road in March 2009 and recommendations were implemented. A road safety action plan for the project roads to be developed by May 2011. Equipment procured and installed for road safety, toll collection, communications and weigh stations. Construction of 8 toll gates were cancelled since toll charging policy on the class I road was cancelled. However toll for collection on the Harbin-Tongjian expressway was still built. LINK ROADS - ADB approved award of 14 contracts on 8 Oct 2008. 14 contracts were signed on 8 Nov 2008. Works commenced in Aug 2008 and completed in Sep 2009. 3. Selection of the road for piloting O&M concession is pending. Asset Management international consultant contract for 2 pm was signed 28 Feb 2008. Services commenced in May 2008 and was completed in Nov 2008. O&M Concession to the Private Sector for 4 domestic individual consultants for 18 pm was approved on 11 March 2009. Contracts were signed on 25 March 2009. Inception Report was submitted on 5 July 2009. 4. The overseas training has been conducted in line with the approved topics. Seven overseas training was conducted for HPTD and PMO staff on (i) contract management and quality control (in January 2008 in USA and Canada), (ii) maintenance of high class roads and large bridge (in November 2008 in France and Germany), (iii) highway financing and private sector participation (in December 2008 in France and UK), (iv) transport services and logistics (in January 2010 in USA and Canada), (v) rural road construction and maintenance (in Australia and New Zealand), (vi) sustainable economy and sustainable ecosystem of road area (in March 2010 in USA and Canada), and (vii) ITS (in October 2010 in UK and Switzerland). For the remaining training 42 people attended and the trainings were very useful. The training had been disseminated to other HPTD and PIU staff through organizing workshops.
Involuntary Resettlement: A
Indigenous Peoples: B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
The EIA assessed the environmental impacts of the selected alignment of the main highway and the rural link roads and prescribed environmental protection and mitigation measures. The proposed alignment does not cross or impinge on any protected areas; there are no known rare or endangered species in the project area. The project's major environmental impactsinclude soil and water conservation and erosion control A soil erosion prevention plan was prepared separately. The project area covers six counties, of which two are poor by national and provincial standards, and two cities. It had 3.4 million people as of 2004, of whom 2.3 million lived in rural areas. About 22,781 people in the project area (0.7% of the total population) are ethnic minorities, mainly Chaoxian and Manchu. The adverse impacts on ethnic minorities are insignificant. The Chaoxian are generally better off than the Han, and the Manchu live in scattered settlements. The TA concluded that the minorities will benefit from the Project in a manner that is compatible with their cultural traditions. Minorities belonging to vulnerable groups will get special assistance in economic rehabilitation and priority for career training. All affected minorities will be relocated in the original villages. The Project will give women greater access to information and jobs. Female migrant workers in search of work will find it easier to travel to urban centers. Women will benefit from increased marketing opportunities and from better access to higher-quality education and health facilities. Women will be encouraged to participate in project implementation and monitoring and in resettlement and social development.
ADB has classified the Project under environmental category A. The EIA report for the main highway was prepared by HPCD and approved by HEPB in January 2006. The EIA for the Songhua River Bridge was approved by the State Environmental Protection Administration on 4 April 2006. HPCD ensured that the Project was designed and would be constructed and operated in accordance with government rules and regulations and ADB s environment policy. HPCD will implement the environment management plan (EMP) set out in the EIA and the summary EIA to mitigate any environmentally adverse project impacts; mitigation measures will be incorporated in the bidding documents and civil works contracts. The EIA assessed the environmental impacts of the selected alignment of the main highway and the rural link roads and prescribed environmental protection and mitigation measures. The proposed alignment does not cross or impinge on any protected areas; there are no known rare or endangered species in the project area. The Project s major environmental impacts include soil and water conservation and erosion control. A soil erosion prevention plan was prepared separately. Overall environmental impacts associated with project implementation are insignificant. PPMS consultants will update their reports. Mitigation measures reflected in SIEA and EMP adequately implemented. Dissemination of health risks information done during construction.
The Project affected 6 counties, 2 cities, 36 townships, 130 administrative villages, 6 forest bureaus, and 24 forest stations. It required the relocation of 66 urban and 135 rural households, of which only a few are ethnic minorities. About 1,391 ha were permanently acquired, of which 38% are cultivated and 44% forest. Using PRC planning standards, land acquisition is an equivalent to the full loss of land of about 1,600 people. About 14,600 m2 of residential structures were demolished, requiring the relocation of 226 urban and 576 rural people. The resettlement plan was prepared based on the preliminary design, village surveys, household surveys, local government statistics, and consultations with local officials and project-affected people. It was formulated in accordance with the PRC s laws and local regulations and with ADB s policies on involuntary resettlement and indigenous people. The impact on villages is modest because farms in Heilongjiang are large. Only eight village groups will lose about 5% of their farmland. Special measures will be taken to assist 659 poor households, 11% of the total affected. House relocation will be completed ahead of time; household plots will be provided within the same village. Compensation will be paid before displacement of people or loss of land and will be invested in economic and social infrastructure to improve farmers livelihoods and living standards. Economic rehabilitation strategies have been discussed with the eight most seriously affected village groups. The cost of land acquisition and resettlement is CNY313 million, including contingencies, which anticipate an increase in compensation rates because of the application of new consolidated standards. HPCD distributed an information booklet to the affected villages and households in February 2006. Land acquisition and resettlement activities in the main highway were completed in Nov 2009. Land acquisition for the linking roads had been fully completed on 25 Dec 2009. Negative impacts caused by loss of land and property were mitigated by compensation payments and rehabilitation measures as per the RP.
About 22,781 people in the project area (0.7% of the total population) are ethnic minorities, mainly Chaoxian and Manchu. The adverse impacts on ethnic minorities are insignificant. The Chaoxian are generally better off than the Han, and the Manchu live in scattered settlements. The project preparatory TA concluded that the minorities will benefit from the Project in a manner that is compatible with their cultural traditions. Minorities belonging to vulnerable groups got special assistance in economic rehabilitation, and priority for career training. All affected minorities were relocated in the original villages.
Stakeholder Participation and Consultation
During Project Design
During the preparation of the feasibility study, environmental impact assessment (EIA) and resettlement planning consultations were conducted with government agencies, villagers, local groups, and other people likely to be affected by the Project, to discuss environmental concerns, land acquisition and resettlement, and economic development potential. Village investigations and surveys were conducted to assess the Project's potential adverse effects and benefits. Over 2,400 people were interviewed during public opinion surveys, social and environmental assessments, and resettlement planning. For the resettlement plan, consultation meetings were held with representatives of affected counties, townships, and villages. Rural people were familiar with the Project and public support for it was high. Local officials explained the compensation policies and regulations to those who would lose their farmland or housing. The consultation was expanded to finalize the design and formulate compensation standards and rehabilitation measures for people displaced by land acquisition or house demolition. Villagers participated in the discussions and decisions on resettlement.
During Project Implementation
The Social Development Action Plan followed a consultative approach during implementation. Village leaders and stakeholders were involved in monitoring the Project's progress. The project strategy was to maximize employment benefits from road construction; increased job opportunities to benefit the poor. Women supported and actively participated in the road safety component, especially where young school children cross the roads.
Status of Covenants
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Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.