Regional: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Sovereign Project | 39092-012

Summary

The goal is to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods of the poor in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) by increasing livestock productivity, and enhancing local, regional, and international trade in livestock and livestock products by controlling the transboundary animal diseases (TAD). The purpose is to increase incomes of poor livestock farmers who represent the majority of the poor in GMS by developing a regional cooperation framework and implementing relevant interventions to control transboundary animal diseases.

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Project Name Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Project Number 39092-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6390-REG: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 150,000.00
TA 6390-REG: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the Greater Mekong Subregion (Supplementary)
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Livestock
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The goal is to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods of the poor in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) by increasing livestock productivity, and enhancing local, regional, and international trade in livestock and livestock products by controlling the transboundary animal diseases (TAD). The purpose is to increase incomes of poor livestock farmers who represent the majority of the poor in GMS by developing a regional cooperation framework and implementing relevant interventions to control transboundary animal diseases.

The project was conceived to be carried out in two phases of 2 years each. The first phase was implemented in 2005, and is expected to be under implementation until June 2007. The primary objectives of phase I include the establishment of a strong regional cooperation mechanism, and initiating the development of national and regional capacities to control TAD. In phase II of the project, the expected outputs include improved knowledge of patterns of livestock trade and movements in the GMS, stronger national and regional diagnostic capacity to deal with TADs, and the development of well targeted pilot disease control programs. It is expected that these pilot programs can demonstrate the positive impacts of TAD control, on livelihoods of poor farming communities, and on regional livestock trade in the GMS.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The socioeconomic crises caused by the recent outbreaks of SARS (2003) and avian influenza (2004) in Asia, have served to heighten the awareness of the wide-ranging negative impacts of infectious diseases on human health, food safety, livestock trade, and livelihoods of poor farming communities. In addition to these outbreaks, continuing losses of livestock belonging mainly to smallholders in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), due to other transboundary animal diseases (TAD), such as foot and mouth disease (FMD), and classical swine fever (CSF), have clearly revealed major weaknesses in the public health and veterinary services. In response to these problems, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have developed a regional technical assistance project, which aims at addressing the fundamental constraints to effective responses to TAD in the region.

This TA, which is included in the GMS Cooperation Strategy and Program Update (RCSPU) 2006-2008, is consistent with the goals set out by GMS Economic Cooperaton Program that aim to (i) increase regional cooperation among its members, (ii) boost trade, and (iii) initiate interventions that reduce poverty through mutual learning and sharing of information and technology.

Impact The impacts generated from this project are expected to contribute to the larger goal of reducing poverty in poor livestock farming communities in the GMS, through better control of TAD, increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets, in order to sell their livestock and livestock products.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The specific outcomes from the project will include defined and well targeted disease control approaches, and improved diagnostic capacity of the national and regional laboratories, to process a large number of field samples from diseased animals in the region, and provide rapid diagnosis for better control of TAD. This improved capacity will also facilitate better flow of information on diseases within a country, and between the GMS countries, for better disease control planning.
Progress Toward Outcome The TA has been extended to 31 January 2016 to allow for the recruitment of a firm for LITS (livestock identification and traceability system) and a Regional Coordinator.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Participatory Research on Patterns of Livestock Trade and Disease Control in the GMS.

2. Equipping one regional and three national labs in Cambodia, Viet Nam, and Lao PDR with improved physical and human resources for FMD and CSF diagnosis.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

To achieve the objectives of the RETA, a minor change in implementation arrangements was approved by Director, SEER on 25 October 2013 to allow the recruitment of a firm or a specialized institution and an individual to carry out the two remaining key activities, namely (i) to conduct a pilot scheme on public-private partnership on regional livestock traceability systems for export market and for disease outbreak identification; and (ii) to produce grass-root awareness raising materials for increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets. The first attempt to recruit a firm for that engagement has been unsuccessful. Steps are being taken to adjust the consultancy requirements before re-initiating the recruitment process.

On 24 June 2014, DG, SERD has approved the extension of TA completion date for 18 months from 31July 2014 to 31 January 2016 to recruit a qualified consulting firm for LITS, and minor change in implementation arrangements to engage a Regional Coordinator.

The recruitment of the firm to implement pilot regional traceability systems for livestock to facilitate e-trade and tracking of livestock disease outbreak has started in September 2014. Regional Coordinator on board in March 2015.

Geographical Location Greater Mekong Subregion
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will finance 2 person-months (pm) of international expertise (PC/CTA) and 2 pm of national consultants (communications specialist). The international and national consultants will be selected through single source selection due to reasons of continuity with the ongoing Phase I activities. ADB will use the quality-based selection method to recruit the consultants for the follow up surveys through a firm. Simplified technical proposal will be required.
Responsible ADB Officer Pavit Ramachandran
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank Ms. Manoshi Mitrammitra@adb.orgAsian Development Bank
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UNDr. Subhash Morzariasubhash.morzaria@fao.orgRegional Office for Asia Pacific (ROAP), FAO, Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Aug 2005
Fact Finding 30 Jun 2006 to 05 Jul 2006
MRM -
Approval 27 Mar 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 08 Dec 2006
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 6390-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Mar 2007 - 27 Mar 2007 31 May 2009 31 Jan 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,150,000.00 27 Mar 2007 949,428.76

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