|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Project activities were overseen by a Project Steering Committee (PSC) comprising of representatives from the participating and collaborating countries, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), World Organization for Animal Health (OlE), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and Food and Agriculture and Organization (FAO) and ADB.
Meetings with stakeholders, farmers, village animal health workers, and local community were held to explain the details and benefits of the vaccination activities. The critieria for selection of vaccination sites were: location and risk to foot and mouth (FMD) outbreak, animal population and number of farmer beneficiaries, and animal movement. Public awareness campaigns were carried out prior to the vaccination.
A biosecurity training module taking into account the local situation was developed. The module focused on different aspects of biosecurity, clinical signs, disease reporting and response was a training guide aimed at educating farmers and community animal health workers on biosecurity and a refresher course for field veterinarians. Training was provided to 2,992 village community animal health workers and farmers and 56 veterinarians.
A database program was developed and customized to facilitate the entry and analysis of information about farmers and their animals. Database entry fields included: location; village, commune, district and province; date of vaccination; owners' name; animal tag number; species, age and sex of animal; number of animals vaccinated; number of blood samples collected; and details of interviews with farmers and traders. The database will be useful for such future activities as livestock census-taking, planning for disease strategies, outbreak investigations and disease control.
Clinical surveillance for FMD signs were conducted to detect FMD outbreaks over a regular period of time, either after a vaccination round to assess if the vaccination was effective or if the area has been FMD-free for some time. In addition, various training courses were conducted.
A KAP survey was conducted among traders, producers, middlemen, farmers, transporters and consumers in order to obtain baseline information on the KAP of farmers and other stakeholders with regard to animal movement, as well as to control the spread of FMD, map out linkages among farmers and other stakeholders in determining animal movement and assess the most appropriate communication strategies to be adopted in communicating effective animal movement.
The pilot livestock traceability system was implemented in Lao PDR, Cambodia and Myanmar from June 2015 to January 2016 to promote market-based transboundary disease management and at the same time facilitate cross-border trade of livestock among GMS countries, with a goal to scale up as a regional investment project under the GMS Regional Investment Framework. With increased cross-border livestock trade, the changing disease landscapes and increased incidents of disease tainted meat and frauds in the markets, the regional LITS was highly relevant and instrumental for transboundary disease control and food safety in the GMS. A synthesis of international best practices in agrifood supply chain traceability that is tailored to the institutional, geographic, and economic realities of livestock flows in the GMS was conducted. Despite being a pilot project, the effectiveness of traceability technology has been proven and achieved much in terms of basic training and awareness raising on the part of both public and private stakeholder groups.