Viet Nam: Supporting Community-Based Agricultural Extension and Training in Mountainous Districts

Sovereign Project | 39142-012 Status:

Summary

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Project Name Supporting Community-Based Agricultural Extension and Training in Mountainous Districts
Project Number 39142-012
Country Viet Nam
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agricultural production

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome The Project showed that the improved community-based agriculture extension system were viable in mountainous areas in the northern central region. The Project delivered needed extension services to the project beneficiaries through the system. The beneficiaries appreciated some practical farming practices introduced in demonstration sites by the Project. The extension system, together with the linkages with existing credit institutions which would provide fund for agricultural inputs, was expected to contribute to food security and income generation in the project area.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The Project produced satisfactory reports and technical documents. These included manuals for PRAs, SARP, and training for extension agents. These manuals were expected to improve the sustainability of the project outcome. Through PRAs and stakeholder consultations at the inception stage, the output performance indicators were clarified and refined to monitor the project performance in more practical and effective ways and fit local geographical situations. This enabled the Project to deliver satisfactory performance of the indicators. Three farmers' groups in each village were organized in a participatory manner and a total of 180 farmers' groups were operational at the end of the Project. Each group introduced one or more of pro-poor farming models (e.g., improved rice farming with pill fertilizer, hybrid maize cultivation, poultry raising, and pig raising). Requiring relatively low inputs, these models appeared suitable for poor farmers. Two micro-irrigation schemes in Hoc village, Chau Dinh commune, Qui Hop district were rehabilitated and farmers' groups committed to manage their schemes. In addition, the Project, on the one hand, trained local extension agents. The Project also fostered dedicated farmer leaders for farmer-to-farmer networks, on the other, although the networks were voluntary and informal and required further support from PAECs and DAECs. The demonstration models were disseminated by the activities of the farmer leaders. They connected farmers' groups with each other, as well as with local governments' extension staff and commune extension workers. The target villages were sparsely located; nonetheless, the Project could deliver inputs and generate outputs by facilitating project activities at the village level through the nexus of extension agents, community-based farmers' groups, and farmer-to-farmer networks. The Project, therefore, was efficient.

Detailed work plans for project activities were developed and updated through PRAs and SARP processes. These participatory and iterative processes improved the practical project implementation. The SARP process ensured that introduced techniques were fit for villagers' needs, and that technical problems encountered by farmers were addressed in a timely manner. The Project noted that farmers could access credit through Vietnam Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, Bank for Social Policy, or People Credit Fund. So, the Project monitored the situation to see if farmers could access to existing financial institutions. By emphasizing the importance of leaning by doing, the Project succeeded in providing target farmers with hands-on experiences and eventually confidence and self-reliance in their farming. Widely shared simple methodology for SARP was thought to improve farmers' participation. Beneficiaries appreciated new farming techniques introduced by the Project. The Project, therefore, was effective.

The Project also succeeded in motivating local staff by sharing the objectives and importance of the Project. PAECs and DAECs expanded the agricultural extension activities introduced by the Project to other districts or communes and other agricultural development projects in their jurisdiction. Representatives PAECs, DAECs, and commune people's committees were committed to sustain the project outcome and some project activities were incorporated into their development plans. These movements would enhance the sustainability of the project outcome. In addition, the EA organized a national workshop where promising demonstration models and lessons learned were disseminated to the central and local government staff including staff in other provinces and project staff of ASTP, and representatives of other NGOs. The project outcome would be sustained if DAECs, PAECs, and NAFEC could continue to support extension staff and workers who would in turn support farmers' groups, farmers' leaders, and farmer-to-farmer networks.

The Project showed that the improved community-based agriculture extension system were viable in mountainous areas in the northern central region. The Project delivered needed extension services to the project beneficiaries through the system. The beneficiaries appreciated some practical farming practices introduced in demonstration sites by the Project. The extension system, together with the linkages with existing credit institutions which would provide fund for agricultural inputs, was expected to contribute to food security and income generation in the project area. The Project, therefore, is rated successful.

Geographical Location Than Hoa and Nghe Anh Provinces, Viet Nam

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects NA
Involuntary Resettlement NA
Indigenous Peoples NA
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The Project was designed in close coordination with key stakeholders from the

concept stage. NAEC and other departments of MARD, and the AECs of Thanh Hoa and Nghe An Provinces, were consulted on initial drafts of the concept paper, and NAEC actively participated in meetings with provincial and district partners and field visits to potential project sites. Preliminary provincial coordination committees were formed in each project province to guide and advise the design phase, including selection of project districts, and review the main content of the project proposal. This committee will be formalized later as the official provincial coordination committee (PCC) for implementation. Field visits were carried out to a number of potential sites, and ethnic minorities and women farmers were interviewed. Based on the outcome of these meetings, comments and recommendations of stakeholders were incorporated in the detailed proposal.

Structured workshops with representatives from key stakeholders were organized in different potential project sites to present and review the JFPR Project in detail. Representatives from ethnic minority communities and district authorities participated. Information and data were collected in the communes, using participatory survey methods. The results were presented at provincial workshops for provincial authorities and other stakeholders. The result was

verification of key project assumptions, collection of additional data, and identification of priority stakeholder issues.

During Project Implementation

At project inception, the Project will organize participatory rural appraisal (PRA) surveys in the project communes. The PRA survey will provide staff and

communities with a good opportunity to learn about the JFPR Project, working area, and communities involved. In addition to collecting baseline information, it will also allow communities to identify their interests and priorities, and make initial plans for agriculture activities, including establishment of demonstration models.

The Project will inform the selected village communities about more project details and invite interested farm households to register their interest. Choice of crops will be determined based on consultation with project beneficiaries, usually including cereal crops like rice and maize, and leguminous crops and upland vegetables. For a demonstration site, an interested farmer group (20-30 farmers) with contiguous land of about 1 hectare will be selected and the need for repair and rehabilitation of small-scale irrigation schemes will be assessed. Cost sharing between the Project and participating farmers for procuring agricultural materials, land, and labor varies depending on the outcome of local consultations and assessments at project inception. The district AEC manages and administers these arrangements with assistance from the implementing NGO. The Project enters into an agreement with the AEC on the process, terms, and conditions, including training, monitoring, and other project activities.

At the end of the growing season, members and leaders of the community (village leaders, leaders of mass organizations, etc.) are invited to view the results. The AEC evaluates these results, which are presented at the semiannual review and planning (SARP) workshops. Possible self-monitoring by farmer groups will be considered at an early stage of project implementation and necessary training will be provided to farmers.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The selection and engagement of consulting services for the Project will be undertaken in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Kazuhiro Watanabe
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MARD)
Nguyen Tanh Lam
National Agriculture Extension Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Timetable

Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 14 Mar 2008
Last PDS Update 28 Feb 2011

Grant 9071-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Aug 2005 04 Aug 2006 04 Aug 2006 31 Aug 2008 28 Feb 2010 31 Mar 2011
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 22 Aug 2005 0.00 0.88 98%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 22 Aug 2005 0.00 0.88 98%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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