Bhutan: Accelerated Rural Electrification

Sovereign Project | 39236-012

Summary

The TA is designed to improve the overall efficiency of the power sector and expand the coverage of rural electrification. In line with these expected outcomes, the TA will have three components as follows:

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Project Name Accelerated Rural Electrification
Project Number 39236-012
Country Bhutan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 4766-BHU: Accelerated Rural Electrification
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
A.T.F. - Finnida Grant US$ 300,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The TA is designed to improve the overall efficiency of the power sector and expand the coverage of rural electrification. In line with these expected outcomes, the TA will have three components as follows:

(i) Component 1: New approaches to accelerating RE through grid expansion. In this component the TA consultants will study the Government s decentralization policies, as well as its plans for enabling district and block development entities, rural communities, and the private sector to take on the challenges of development, especially rural electrification. The consultants will then recommend models for involving the various levels of government, the private sector, and communities in RE, specifying the roles of these entities and their motives for participation. These models should include a wide range of options including but not limited to,cooperatives, energy supply services for solar PV and micro hydro power, outsourcing of billing and collection, and operation and maintenance of distribution systems (up to 11 kilovolts). The activities in this component will lead to recommendations on how the various levels of government, the private sector, and communities can be involved in RE. The new approaches will be pilot-tested,and then adopted and replicated, taking into consideration the lessons learned.

(ii) Component 2: New approaches to accelerating RE through off-grid renewable energy use. In the past, Bhutan s efforts to expand RE were biased in favor of grid extension. DOE now wants to use more off-grid renewable energy for RE, and needs to develop the policies, institutional arrangements, and approaches for this. The TA consultants will therefore review the RE master plan and integrated energy master plan, and assess ongoing activities related to the use of renewable energy for RE. They will then recommend models for using renewable energy (solar PV, micro hydro, biomass, and other forms) in RE, and specific policies, incentives, institutional arrangements, etc., that must be put in place to facilitate such use. The new approaches will be pilot-tested.

(iii) Component 3: Training, capacity building, and awareness raising. The activities in this component will pertain to raising awareness of how other government agencies (especially district and block governments), development consultants, private entrepreneurs and contractors, and communities can be involved in RE. Targeted workshops and seminars will be held to present the findings of component 1. Study tours will also be made to observe rural electrification programs in neighboring countries like Nepal, with its community-based renewable energy program, and Bangladesh, with its rural electrification cooperatives. These study tours will be specifically for local government officials and community leaders. The private sector will be invited to participate but those who join will be required to cover their own expenses. Apart from this awareness-raising program, the TA consultants will develop a regular outreach program for DOE to keep upthe awareness-raising activities even after the TA.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Government of Bhutan (the Government) has requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide an advisory technical assistance project to assist the Department of Energy (DOE) in formulating new approaches to accelerate rural electrification. The TA is included in Bhutan: Country Strategy and Program (2006-2010). A mission visited Bhutan on 9-16 November 2005 to formulate the TA and reach an understanding with the Government on the purpose, scope, implementation arrangements, cost estimates, financing arrangements, and terms of reference for consultants.
Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A total of 14 person-months of international and 36 person-months of domestic consulting services are expected following ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The TA will require the expertise of: (i) Rural Electrification Expert; (ii) Capacity Building Expert; (iii) Renewable Energy Expert; and (iv) Project Coordinators and Domestic Team Leader.
Responsible ADB Officer Kaoru Ogino
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Department of EnergyBharat Tamang, Head,Planning and Coordination Div.btyonzen@yahoo.comThimphu Bhutan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Sep 2005
Fact Finding 14 Nov 2005 to 16 Nov 2005
MRM -
Approval 28 Feb 2006
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 18 Apr 2006
Last PDS Update 06 Apr 2010

TA 4766-BHU

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Feb 2006 29 Mar 2006 29 Mar 2006 30 Jun 2008 31 Dec 2009 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 700,000.00 28 Feb 2006 676,473.18
Title Document Type Document Date
Accelerated Rural Electrification TA Completion Reports Jul 2011
Accelerated Rural Electrification Technical Assistance Reports Feb 2006

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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