Regional: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India, and Nepal) - India

Sovereign Project | 39399-013

Summary

ADB is helping Nepal, India, and Bangladesh improve infrastructure and services in key tourism sites. The project will upgrade transport and other infrastructure and public services in renowned natural and cultural attractions, including major Buddhist sites. It will also increase the capacity of sector agencies to sustainably manage and protect these sites, and encourage community participation.

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Project Name South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India, and Nepal) - India
Project Number 39399-013
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0179-REG: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India and Nepal) - Nepal
Asian Development Fund US$ 12.75 million
Loan 2578-REG: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India, and Nepal) - India
Ordinary capital resources US$ 20.00 million
Loan 2579-REG: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India and Nepal) - Nepal
Asian Development Fund US$ 12.75 million
Loan 2580-REG: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India and Nepal) - Bangladesh
Asian Development Fund US$ 12.00 million
Loan 8247-REG: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh, India and Nepal) - Nepal
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 15.00 million
Loan 3117-REG: South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - Additional Financing
Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Air transport - Urban roads and traffic management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Renovation and protection of cultural heritage - Urban sanitation - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description tbd
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy South Asia, particularly the area which contains Nepal, north and northeastern states of India, and Bangladesh (the subregion), is one of the poor regions of the world. However, the subregion has vast and diverse cultural and natural resources and contains many of the world's major Buddhist sites, which potentially position it as a world destination for nature and culture-based tourism. Tourism plays a vital role in the subregion's economy. During 1999 to 2006, international tourist arrivals grew at an average rate of 8%, higher than the world average. In 2007, tourism earnings from international visitors totaled $12.3 billion, representing a 150% increase from 2003; and tourism directly employed 13.76 million people in the three countries (including all of India). Tourism in the subregion, however, remains constrained by (i) inadequate connectivity and destination infrastructure; (ii) weak protection and management of heritage assets of tourism importance, which threaten the environmental and cultural sustainability; and (iii) inadequate community engagement. Together these limit the growth prospect and ability of tourism to significantly contribute to the economy and poverty reduction. The Project is required to address the infrastructure and management deficiencies, and foster community participation in nature and culture-based tourism by supporting integrated development of priority destinations in high-potential circuits of subregional importance.
Impact The expected impact of the proposed Project is sustainable and inclusive economic growth and reduced poverty in the subregion.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Nature and culture based tourism destinations of subregional importance with (i) improved connectivity, (ii) better quality environment and visitor services; (iii) enhanced natural and cultural heritage; and (iv) stronger linkages with communities
Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation of Bangladesh component has been delayed by one and half year. Currently 3 out of 4 civil works contracts have been awarded and the project is back on track. Bangladesh component will be extended up to 31 December 2016. Activities related to toutism promotion and livelihood generation and institutional development of DOA and BPC for managing heritage sites and promotion of heritage tourism have already started to achieve the project outcome.

In case of Nepal component, a contract to upgrade Gautam Buddha Airport to an international standard to accomodate the increasing number of toursits to Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha, was signed on 13 November 2014 and works commenced from 11 December 2014. Apart from this, an ICB contract is being implemented in Lumbini which basically covers the construction of a visitor information center and other amenities including sanitation utility blocks and road improvement. Three NGOs to conduct livelihood generation and tourism promotion activities were mobilized in April 2014. Also a comprehensive tourism promotion plan is being prepared which will identify potential areas for the integrated tourism development of the Lumbini region. It would be early to assess the progress towards outcome level at this stage.

In case of India, outcome envisaged under the project would be achieved on completion of the ongoing works.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Enhanced connectivity to Lumbini Development Area in Nepal

Enhanced connectivity to selected sites in Sikkim

Enhanced connectivity to selected sites in Bangladesh

Destination improvements to Lumbini Development Area in Nepal

Destination improvements to selected sites in Sikkim

Destination improvements to selected sites in Bangladesh

Enhanced capacity, increased community participation, and improved project management in Nepal

Enhanced capacity, increased community participation, and improved project management in India

Enhanced capacity, increased community participation, and improved project management in Bangladesh

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

--------------------------------------NEPAL PORTION-------------------------------------

1. Enhanced connectivity to Lumbini Development Area in Nepal:

Contract to upgrade Gautam Buddha Airport to an international standard signed on 13 November 2015 and became effective on 11 December 2014. The contract is expected to be completed by December 2017. An overall physical progress of 2% is reported. The operation of the international airport will provide visitors a direct access to Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha.

2. Destination improvements to Lumbini Development Area in Nepal

Various activities under this output are:

(1) Development of car parking and bus stop and pedestrian walkway at the entry of the site.

(2) completion of the unfinished portion of the perimeter road around the site

(3) Provision of localized source-based drinking water supply and toilets in five key locations

(4) Solid waste management improvements

(5) Enhancement of on-site interpretation displays and signage

(6) Construction of a visitor center and landscaping and pedestrian walkways around the center.

Progress/Status:

A contract agreement which covers these activities was signed on 25 September 2013, with a completion period of 2 years. The overall physical progress is reported to be 50%.

3. Enhanced capacity, increased community participation, and improved project management in Nepal.

3.1 Capacity development - The staff of tourism ministries, board, and departments in Nepal underwent training in tourism planning, coordination, monitoring and marketing.

Progress/status: An NGO is recruited (with a service period of 30 months) to conduct tourism promotion activities and already mobilized in April 2014.

3.2 Management Plan for Nepal's Lumbini prepared and endorsed.

Progress/status: A promotional plan for Lumbini area of Nepal is being developed following a consultation workshop with concerned stakeholders. The final draft of the same is prepared and expected to be approved by the Ministry after a final consultation workshop, by March 2015. This will cover various aspects of overall development of Lumbini area as the birth place of Lord Buddha.

3.3 Capacity development - Organizational and financial management measures for Lumbini Development Trust of Nepal were developed and being implemented; and staff underwent training on planning, protecting, and managing the nature and culture based sites as well as world heritage sites.

Progress/status: Assessment ongoing

3.4 Capacity development - A Business plan for Gautam Buddha airport of Nepal was prepared with measures for sustainable operation and management of the airport including enhanced revenue base and financial management and approved; staff underwent training in airport management

Progress/status: Business Plan for Gautam Buddha Airport and training in airport management for staff yet to be designed.

3.5 Fostering community participation - Community awareness raising programs in Nepal conducted on (i) the value of natural and cultural heritage and the role of the community in management of heritage sites and (ii) potential benefits from heritage based tourism to the local economy

Progress/status: Ongoing. An NGO is recruited to conduct community mobilization and awareness raising program. The contract was signed on 26 March 2014 with a completion period of 30 months.

3.6 Fostering community participation - Value chain analyses were undertaken to establish stronger links between tourism and the local economy

Progress/status: Assessment ongoing

3.7 Fostering community participation - Pilot schemes for tourism-based livelihood generation designed and implemented in Nepal

Progress/status: Ongoing. An NGO is recruited to conduct pilot schemes for tourism-based livelihood generation program and is already mobilized.

3.8 Fostering community participation - Skill development training in heritage management and hospitality-related skills for the communities around Lumbini in Nepal

Progress/status: Ongoing. An NGO is recruited to conduct this activity in Lumbini area and is mobilized in March 2014.

3.9 Fostering community participation - A Lumbini Management Committee formed with representatives from the communities and the government

Progress/status: Lumbini Management Committee is yet to be formed.

------------------------------END OF NEPAL PORTION-------------------------------------

India Portion

All contract packages related to connectivity enhancement and destination improvements in Sikkim have been awarded. Works under these contracts are in progress.

------------------------END OF INDIA PORTION--------------------------------------------

An NGO is recruited to conduct tourism promotion activities and already mobilized with about 35% progress to date.

An NGO is recruited to conduct community mobilisation and awareness raising program. The contract was signed on 26 March 2014 and already mobilised.

A promotional plan for Lumbini area of Nepal is being developed following a consultation workshop with concerned stakeholders. The tourism promotion plan is expected to be finalized and endorsed by 15 February 2015. This will cover various aspects of overall development of Lumbini area as the birth place of Lord Buddha.

Assessment ongoing.

Business Plan for Gautam Buddha Airport and training in airport management for staff yet to be designed.

Assessment ongoing.

An NGO is recruited to conduct pilot schemes for tourism-based livelihood generation program and is already mobilised. The progress reported to date is 20%.

An NGO is recruited to conduct this activity in Lumbini area and is mobilised in April 2014.

Lumbini Management Committee formation is underway.

PMDS consultants are assisting the EA and the IA with capacity development related to organizational and financial management. Progress 40%

An NGO has been mobilized in March 2014 for community participation, tourism promotion and marketting activities. 4 comminity workshops held. Progress 20%

An NGO has been mobilized in March 2014 for community participation, tourism promotion and marketting activities.

Community survey by the NGO completed and preparatory work started. Progress 20%

An NGO has been mobilized in March 2014 for community participation, tourism promotion and marketting activities. 120 participants both male and female (30% of all participants) in 4 sites received tour gguide training

ADB approved the trainind plan in June 2013. Trainings are being carried out and will be completed by 2015. 6 training programs have been completed involving 112 staff from DOA, the project, BPC and MOCA. Progress 50%

The program was initiated by the regional TA and has been continued under the project with the assistance from PMDS consultants and NGO recruited for community participation, tourism promotion and marketting. activities. Program has been developed and implementation will start by March 2015. Progress 20%

Master plans for the 4 project sites are being finalized and will be completed by 2015. Progress 20%

Geographical Location Sikkim State, India
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Teams of international and national consultants will be engaged to assist in managing and implementing the Project in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Services will be required in the areas of project management, detailed design, supervision, community participation, environmental and social safeguards, project performance monitoring, heritage planning and management, ecotourism, airport engineering, institutional development, and financial management. A total of 935 person-months consulting services is expected to be required for the Project; 417 person-months (30 person-months international and 387 person-months national) for Nepal; 333 person-months (12 person-months international and 321 person-months national) for India; and 185 person-months (25 person-months international and 160 person-months national) for Bangladesh.
Procurement Goods and services financed by ADB and the OPEC Fund for International Development will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). International competitive bidding procedures will be used for civil works contracts estimated to cost $10.0 million or more in India, $2.0 million or more in Bangladesh, and $1.0 million or more in Nepal; and for supply contracts valued at $1.0 million or higher. The upper limit for civil works to be procured through national competitive bidding procedures will be less than $10.0 million in India, $2.0 million in Bangladesh, and $1.0 million in Nepal; and for equipment the upper limit will be $1.0 million. Shopping will be used for contracts for procurement of equipment and simple civil works worth $100,000 or less.
Responsible ADB Officer Keiichi Tamaki
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Department of Tourism-Sikkim StateShri S.B.S. BhadauriaM.G. Road, Gangtok, Sikkim
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Sep 2008
Fact Finding 01 Sep 2008 to 06 Sep 2008
MRM 02 Feb 2009
Approval 16 Nov 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2015

Grant 0179-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Nov 2009 25 May 2010 03 Sep 2010 15 Mar 2015 30 Jun 2017 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.75 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 12.75 16 Nov 2009 9.99 0.00 78%
Counterpart 3.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Nov 2009 4.42 0.00 35%

Grant 0383-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Mar 2014 19 May 2014 22 Oct 2014 31 Dec 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 28 Mar 2014 0.00 0.16 5%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Mar 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 2578-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Nov 2009 04 Oct 2010 25 Jan 2011 15 Mar 2015 15 Sep 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 28.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 16 Nov 2009 11.29 0.00 94%
Counterpart 8.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Nov 2009 3.59 0.00 30%

Loan 2579-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Nov 2009 25 May 2010 03 Sep 2010 15 Mar 2015 30 Jun 2017 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 18.75 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 12.75 16 Nov 2009 9.53 0.00 83%
Counterpart 6.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Nov 2009 3.17 0.00 27%

Loan 2580-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Nov 2009 07 Dec 2009 21 Jan 2010 15 Mar 2015 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 12.00 16 Nov 2009 10.47 0.00 94%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Nov 2009 6.50 0.00 58%

Loan 3117-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Mar 2014 19 May 2014 22 Oct 2014 31 Dec 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 47.71 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 28 Mar 2014 22.84 0.00 84%
Counterpart 17.71 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Mar 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 8247-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Jun 2009 05 Aug 2010 06 Sep 2010 15 Jul 2014 30 Jun 2017 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 17 Jun 2009 0.00 7.64 51%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 15.00 17 Jun 2009 0.00 1.09 7%
Title Document Type Document Date
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India Procurement Plans Jun 2015
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - Bangladesh Procurement Plans Jun 2013
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - Nepal Procurement Plans Dec 2012
Loan Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (India portion) between India and Asian Development Bank dated 4 October 2010 Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Oct 2010
Project Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (India portion) between Asian Development Bank and State of Sikkim Project/Program Agreement Oct 2010
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project Project/Program Administration Manual May 2010
Project Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Nepal portion) between Asian Development Bank and Lumbini Development Trust dated 25 May 2010 Project/Program Agreement Jan 2010
Financing Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Nepal portion) between Nepal and Asian Development Bank dated 25 May 2010 Financing Agreement Jan 2010
Loan Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh portion) between People's Republic of Bangladesh and ADB Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Jan 2010
Project Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Nepal portion) between Asian Development Bank and Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal dated 25 May 2010 Project/Program Agreement Jan 2010
Loan Agreement for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project (Bangladesh portion) between People's Republic of Bangladesh and Asian Development Bank dated 7 December 2009 Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Dec 2009
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project Procurement Plans Oct 2009
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2009
Improving Connectivity and Destination Infrastructure for Subregional Tourism Development Design and Monitoring Frameworks Feb 2009

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-September 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Apr 2015
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India: Environmental Monitoring Report (April 2013-March 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Oct 2014
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India: Environmental Monitoring Report (April 2013-March 2014) - Addendum Environmental Monitoring Reports Oct 2014
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India: Environmental Monitoring Report (April 2011 - March 2012) Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2013
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India: Environmental Monitoring Report (April - September 2012) Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2013
South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Project - India: Environmental Monitoring Report (April 2012 - March 2013) Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2013
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh (June 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures Jun 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Jetty Development Environmental Assessment and Measures Jun 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Development of Watch Towers for Bird Watching in Karu Island Description (June 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures Jun 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Development of Treks at Ranser and Karu Islands (May 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures May 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Information Centre at Pong Dam (May 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures May 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Parking and Toilet Facilities at Pong Dam (March 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures Mar 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Information Centre at Pong Dam (March 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures Mar 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Jetty Development at Ranser and Karu Islands (March 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures Mar 2011
Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism (IDIPT) - Himachal Pradesh: Circular Road (March 2011) Environmental Assessment and Measures Mar 2011
Resettlement Framework for South Asia Tourism Infrastructure Development Resettlement Plans Oct 2009
Draft Resettlement Plan for Gautam Buddha Airport Subproject Resettlement Plans Dec 2008
Draft Short Resettlement Plan for Rumtek Circuit Subproject Resettlement Plans Dec 2008
Draft Resettlement Framework for Bangladesh Heritage Highway Sub-project Resettlement Frameworks Dec 2008

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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