|Description of Project Outputs
Improved distribution system and quality control in DWASA (project component A) - Rehabilitated and strengthened distribution network
Strengthened DWASA capacity and institution (project component B) - Strengthened financial and operational management capacity of DWASA
Project management and implementation support (project component C) - PMU and management support adequate and operational
Improved distribution system and quality control in DWASA (project component A) - Improved water quality and monitoring system
Strengthened DWASA capacity and institutions (project component B) - Trained staff and resources for DWASA
Strengthened DWASA capacity and institution (project component B) - Demand control and public awareness
Project management and implementation support (project component C) - Feasibility study of the future water treatment plant completed and tender documents prepared
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Component A: The project uses the DMA approach in rehabilitating and strengthening the water supply system in Dhaka Metropolitan Area. The project has rehabilitated 47 DMAs comprising 1,322 km of water distribution network and installed 83,995 numbers of house connections.
As a result of effective DMA approach followed in the project, nonrevenue water (NRW) in the network has been substantially brought down from a high level of more than 50% before the project to less than 10% in most of the completed DMAs. Major civil works packages financed by the Project were structured with functional guarantees that contractors were required to achieve to ensure physical losses are less than 15%. In a few completed DMAs, the project has achieved about 5% NRW which is even less than the contractual obligation (15%). The residents in the completed DMAs are benefitted with 24-hours water supply with good quality and pressure.
Additionally, a two-tier monitoring system has been prepared, and is under implementation for monitoring water quality. The project has constructed 46 deep tube wells, installed 200 chlorination units, and distributed water quality test kits to pump operators. DWASA laboratory facilities were also rehabilitated and equipped with modern testing tools that are now being used in monitoring water quality.
Consistent with ADBs and the governments socially inclusive and gender sensitive approach, the project is also implementing works to serve people in low-income areas of Dhaka. Through the project, DWASA is providing about 1,000 connections to the population in Korail slum. In Korail, the residents earlier did not have any adequate water supply system, and were forced to buy water from private vendors at exorbitant rates. The project is instrumental in improving access to water to the people in this informal settlement. Community Based Organizations in Korail and other slums were mobilized and are in charge with supporting smooth operations of the entire system in consultation with the beneficiaries and Dhaka WASA staff. Water bills for new connections are being distributed, and the residents are regularly paying their water bills without any default. More than 50,000 people have been benefitted in Korail from this initiative, and Dhaka WASA is now replicating the success of Korail in other informal settlements.
Another informal settlement area, Shattola slum, is also being considered, where 4 km pipeline network will be installed that would benefit around 38,762 people. It is expected that this will be replicated in other informal settlements under the DWASA service area. A total 363 connections have been provided.
Component B: Regular activities are being implemented under the project for capacity-building and institutional strengthening. DWASA training center has been refurbished and trainings have been conducted for management, operation, and development system offices staff on DMA operation and management, including conducting zonal level orientation program for each zone. Trainings also include a session on gender in all trainings. The project has conducted 126 training programs with around 2,244 staff trained in various capacity building programs. A total number of 460 pump operators have been trained. Refresher trainings were conducted to 200 pump operators on operating water quality test kits and water quality reporting system. Continuous trainings are essential in maintaining the capacity of the pump operators. NGOs have been working on demand control and awareness campaign activities in 9 operations Zones of Dhaka WASA. NGOs have carried out awareness raising seminars, house to house campaign among men & 100% women dwellers in selected wards of each respective zone on (a) minimization of NRW by discouraging illegal water connection & meter tampering (b) water conservation through economic use of water (c) hygienic use of water.
Through the project DWASA has established an automated billing system and 100% bills are being issued through online system. DWASA is taking steps to improve the payments to reach toward 100% online system.
Component C: DWASA, with support from consultants, is working to ensure that all project activities are accomplished in a timely manner. Future water treatment plant has been taken up under another ADB-financed project Loan 3051-BAN: Dhaka Environmentally Sustainable Water Supply Project - approved in 2013.