Key features and resources provided to implement the C&P plan (including budget, consultant input, etc.). The entire project design is based on participatory development principles ensuring beneficiary participation at all stages of the subproject cycle. The Project is a sector project and involves extensive consultation and participation while selecting and implementing the subprojects. At the subproject level, the stakeholders include landowners; large, small and marginal farmers; landless people; and local governments. Local NGOs will also have a stake in the project. Agencies of the Government, including DAE, DOF, and DOC will be involved to provide services to the WMCAs and the project beneficiaries. Different types of consultation and participation will be undertaken, including community mobilization. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques will be applied to identify subprojects.
Consultation and workshops will be required for social, gender, and environmental assessments. Based on the lessons from the existing participation methods in the small-scale water development sector, an effective community mobilization strategy will be followed during the implementation phase.
The participatory development component of the Project will improve beneficiary participation in small-scale water resource development by the establishment and strengthening of WMCAs. Continued refinement of critical aspects of the participatory process and value addition to performing WMCAs through structural and nonstructural intervention will be ensured. Project support to WMCAs will consist of management training for the elected
management committees, as well as for the general membership. Training content will take into account the lessons from SSW 2, paying particular attention to WMCA performance. WMCA and labor contracting society training events will include legal empowerment issues following the recommendations of the ADB regional TA projecta on legal empowerment. While funding for WMCA training is a government responsibility, LGED recognizes that available funds are insufficient to meet WMCA training needs.b The Project will supplement government funding of WMCA training to a defined and appropriate level as per the project capacity development plan. Some of the key factors supporting WMCA performance include strong leadership and appropriate levels of support from partner agencies. The capacity development plan includes capacity development activities for partner agencies like the Department of Environment, DOC, and DOF. A study of factors determining the success or failure of WMCAs will be undertaken during the first year of the Project to suggest further refinement of the participatory methodologies. The cost of this study will be included in the project. A technical assistance component for DOC will also contribute toward this end. Three basic principles underlie the project approach to water resource management comprise:
(i) subprojects must be identified by local people, and initially processed through their elected representatives in the
(ii) local people, beneficiaries as well as project-affected people, must be involved in all stages of subproject
(iii) the overall approach is a combination of two parallel but interrelated processes, one that addresses institutional
matters and the other that addresses technical matters. Resources have been provided for participatory development process, capacity development, male and female community assistants and consultants.