India: Restoration and Diversification of Livelihoods for Tsunami Affected Poor & Marginalized People in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala

Sovereign Project | 39490-012

Summary

The purpose of the project is to restore and diversify the livelihoods of the Tsunami-affected poor and marignalised people in the states of Taml Nadu and Kerala. The key project components are (i) set up a fully serviced model fishing village complex to help tsunami-affected members of the fishing community and others, whose livelihoods are closely linked to fishing community activities; (ii) create value addition to the seafood and related produce and establish market links for a long-term sustainable income-generating program for tsunami-affected poor in the vicinity; (iii) pilot new approaches through infusion of technologies in sustainable income-generating activities and develop opportunities for alternative livelihoods; and (iv) introduce livelihood activities that reduce vulnerability to natural disasters.

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Project Name Restoration and Diversification of Livelihoods for Tsunami Affected Poor & Marginalized People in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Project Number 39490-012
Country India
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9094-IND: Restoration and Diversification of Livelihoods for Tsunami Affected Poor & Marginalized People in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 5.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Multisector - Multisector

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The purpose of the project is to restore and diversify the livelihoods of the Tsunami-affected poor and marignalised people in the states of Taml Nadu and Kerala. The key project components are (i) set up a fully serviced model fishing village complex to help tsunami-affected members of the fishing community and others, whose livelihoods are closely linked to fishing community activities; (ii) create value addition to the seafood and related produce and establish market links for a long-term sustainable income-generating program for tsunami-affected poor in the vicinity; (iii) pilot new approaches through infusion of technologies in sustainable income-generating activities and develop opportunities for alternative livelihoods; and (iv) introduce livelihood activities that reduce vulnerability to natural disasters.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TEAP and JFPR were prepared following the request by the States and the Indian government. While disaster projects are not part of ADB's country plans or pipeline for projects, the project was developed in accordance with the overall framework and policies of the India, the States and ADB.
Impact Diversify and accelerate restoration of livelihood of poor and marginalized people in tsunami affected areas of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, by introducing new ideas and approaches to traditional fisheries-related activities.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Restoration and diversification of livelihoods for Tsunami affected poor and marginalized people in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Progress Toward Outcome The JFPR project helped 20,259 beneficiaries, as against an initial target of 8,000 beneficiaries, in the two states.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. To set up a model fishing village complex with all amenities to organize the post harvest activities on shore;

2. Development of varied alternative livelihood activities; and

3. Support establishment of environment friendly fish breeding activities.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

JFPR agreements with States and GoI were signed in Oct 06 and GIM (Grant Implementation Manual) approved by both states. The project closed on 6 October 2010. Mid-way through the project implementation, the scope for the project was changed and funds were reallocated from Component A: Model Fishing Village to expand the scope of other components on account of no takers for the model fishing village and the high demand from the vulnerable communities for alternate income generation activities. At the time of project closing, the commitment was $2.58 million (51.6%) and disbursements stood at $1.68 million (33.5%).

In Tamil Nadu, the model village fish processing complex under Component A was dropped. Under Component B, alternate livelihood activities, 24 subprojects were taken up for a value of $0.87 million and expenditure incurred. Under Component C, environment friendly fish breeding activities, 9 subprojects amounting to $0.40 million were successfully implemented. Project management, monitoring and audit, amounting to $0.14 million were used under the Component D. In Kerala, for alternative livelihood activities under Component B, 11 subprojects for a value of $0.81 million and 5 subprojects under Component C, environment friendly fish breeding activities, amounting to $0.26 million were implemented. Under Component D for project management, monitoring and audit, an amount of $0.11 million was spent.

Geographical Location Tsunami affected districts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala states in India
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The JFPR designs incorporates the environmental and social safeguards of the states, India and ADB. All subprojects developed under the JFPR will undergo the initial check list for environmental impact, initial social surveys and evaluation and a check to see if any indegenous peoples are involved or affected. If there are any impact these would be mitigated through environmental management plans or resettlement plans as required.

Since the livelihood programs tend to be small in terms of physiscal impact, no adverse environmental impact are expected. The social impact will be positive, will be inclusive of all types of peoples affected by the tsunami, with emphasis on the poor, the stressed and women and children.

Involuntary Resettlement

The JFPR designs incorporates the environmental and social safeguards of the states, India and ADB. All subprojects developed under the JFPR will undergo the initial check list for environmental impact, initial social surveys and evaluation and a check to see if any indegenous peoples are involved or affected. If there are any impact these would be mitigated through environmental management plans or resettlement plans as required.

Since the livelihood programs tend to be small in terms of physiscal impact, no adverse environmental impact are expected. The social impact will be positive, will be inclusive of all types of peoples affected by the tsunami, with emphasis on the poor, the stressed and women and children.

Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Exexuting Agency will engage, through the implementation agencies, local NGOs, CBOs and consultants to provide the required services for implementation, management and progress monitoring of the JFPR grant. The engagement will be in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Pushkar Srivastava
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Disaster Management Department of KeralaMs Nivedita Haran, Principal Secretary, Revenue Dept.dstrpcell@gmail.comDisaster Management Department, Government of Kerala, Secretariat, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
Revenue Administration, Disaster Mngt & MitigationMr A Karthik, Office of State Relief Commissioner, Tamil Nadurelief@tn.nic.inEzhigalam Building, Beach Road, Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Nov 2005
Fact Finding 16 Mar 2006 to 21 Mar 2006
MRM -
Approval 21 Jun 2006
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 01 Dec 2006
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2014

Grant 9094-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Jun 2006 07 Oct 2006 07 Oct 2006 31 Dec 2008 06 Oct 2010 27 Jan 2014
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 5.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 Jun 2006 0.00 1.67 64%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 5.00 21 Jun 2006 0.00 1.67 64%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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