Existing Environmental Conditions: (i) Air Quality: current dust levels exceed GOV limits, (ii) Noise and Vibration: ambient noise exceeds GOV limits, (iii) Surface Water : Tham Luong Canal is contaminated, and (iv) Groundwater & Soil : nearly all parameters within GOV limits.
Impacts from Construction: (i) Air Quality - Construction Equipment creating dust and emissions through building removal and excavation; Mitigation thru Dust control plan, enclosing site, watering/sweeping, emission control system, dust covers, (ii) Noise and Vibration - Increase during construction; Mitigation thru Noise control plan, enclosing site, muffled equipment, day only construction, (iii) Geology and Soils - 1.9 million m3 of soil to be removed; Mitigation thru Spoils disposal plan, 1.45 million m3 recycled and sold, 0.45 million m3 to approved spoils disposal site, (iv) Hydrogeology Groundwater contamination, blocking groundwater flows, loss of wells; Mitigation thru avoidance of excessive pressure, testing for quality monitoring, non-toxic soil additives, local wells at spoils disposal site > 200m deep, (v) Subsidence and settlement Expected 10mm at centerline and 16mm edge of tunnel; Mitigation thru monitoring program for buildings and roads, retaining wall for deep excavation, (vi) Water and Vegetation Resources Pollution of Tham Luong canal, loss of trees, spoils site vegetation loss; Mitigation thru Piers either side of canal, trees replaced, (vii) Traffic and Accessibility - blockage of traffic lanes at stations, equipment and materials impede traffic flows; Mitigation thru Traffic plan, public information program, materials stored off site or used immediately, (viii) Health and Safety - workers and public risks; Mitigation thru Occupational and Community Health and Safety Plan, Emergency Response Plan, public information program.
Operational Impacts: (i) Viaduct Noise and vibration: Mitigation thru noise shield along viaduct, noise barrier at Tan Binh station, continuously welded track, (ii) Underground tunnel noise telegraphing , site clearance for station building; Mitigation thru Noise attenuation at tunnel portal, (iii) Depot train movements, maintenance noise; Mitigation thru Slow travel (5-20 km/h), maintenance inside workshops
Cumulative Impacts: the project is (i) contributing to environmental sustainability initiatives by reducing vehicle trips and need to expand road network, (ii) preserving community livability and green space, (iii) encouraging pedestrian and bicycle traffic along the corridor, and (iv) reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Induced impacts: There is expected to be land use to change around the stations and the Depot, re-development around the interchange stations and positive community and economic benefits to HCMC
Affected land: A total estimated 20 ha will be acquired for the Tranche 2 of the Project comprising 3.7ha land acquisition for Line 2 and the spur line and 16.3ha of privately occupied land for the Depot main area and resettlement site subject to ongoing land acquisition
Affected persons: A total of 428 households will be affected by land acquisition. Of these 56 will be physically displaced. The vast majority of affected households are impacted by Line 2. There will be 35 firms as well as smaller businesses that will be effected, which will also displace employees.
Types of affected land: The majority of land affected by Line 2 is residential (72%) while at the Depot site most of the affected land is agricultural (96%). Most of the land officially categorized as agricultural land at both the Depot and Line 2 areas is in fact idle, non-productive land.
Impacts on buildings: A total of 509 buildings will be affected by Line 2 and 17 by the Depot land acquisition. The vast majority of affected structures located along the alignment of Line 2 are situated within the official planning line for the road wherein no permanent structures are permitted. As such most of the affected buildings are temporary in nature.
Depot Main Area:
Compensation payments for lost assets based on District 12 People's Committee's decision made in 2004 for acquisition of affected area were updated 2008 based on results of a replacement cost study, prior to the preparation of the RF in 2010.
Record of losses: Affected property in compensation decisions is adequately recorded. Records/compensation decisions pending for 8 households and 2 factories.
Compensation: Land-based compensation is adequate. Cash compensation rates for land likely inadequate and requires replacement cost study
Housing compensation rates based on 2008 construction costs plus 30%.
Assistance: Households to be relocated need rental assistance allowance. Employees experiencing loss of employment at 2 factories should receive compensation for lost income and livelihood restoration assistance. Additional income restoration assistance for households losing productive agricultural land.
|During Project Design
Environmental: (a) MRT Alignment: (sessions in 2008 and 2011) - Identified traffic, air and noise quality concerns during construction and overwhelming support for the project at all sessions. (b) Spoils Disposal Site: (December 2011, February 2012) - There is 87% support the MRT2 project, 80% in favor of spoils disposal and major concern is the potential contamination of groundwater but there will be no significant adverse impacts with proper spoils disposal.
Mainline resettlement Surveys were conducted from June to July 2011, including (i) Inventory of Losses, (ii) Census, (iii) Socio-Economic Survey, and (iv) Replacement Cost Study. Consultations with affected households conducted in August 2011. Key information related to project and contents of resettlement plan mitigation measures was disclosed to affected households December 2011.
Depot area assessment was conducted September 2011 to February 2012 consisting of (i) site visits, (ii) review and analysis of recorded losses (land and non-land assets) and individual compensation plans, (iii) interview of District 12 Compensation Board, (iv) interview of 22 affected households (27% sample), (v) conduct of socio-economic survey of 22 households, and (vi) review to assess if compensation paid for lost assets was at replacement cost