Cambodia: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods

Sovereign Project | 39603-012 Status: Closed


ADB is helping Cambodia improve livelihoods and reduce poverty in the five provinces that adjoin the Tonle Sap. The project will help increase access to assets by establishing a livelihood fund to finance small-scale, community-driven activities relating to social infrastructure, income-generation, and community fisheries.

Latest Project Documents

Project Results



households with new or improved sanitation



kilometers of road that have been built or upgraded

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Project Name Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods
Project Number 39603-012
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0034-CAM: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods
Asian Development Fund US$ 15.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The impact of the Project will be improved livelihoods. The outcome of the Project will be increased access to assets in the five provinces that adjoin the Tonle Sap. The project area encompasses the buffer zone and core areas. Specifically, it covers 37 communes, comprising 316 villages with a population of 287,430 in 54,857 families. These communes qualify because they pursue livelihood activities in the buffer zone.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Project is closely aligned with the Tonle Sap Initiative and the the Government's Rectangula Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency.
Impact Livelihoods improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Access to assets increased in the five provinces that adjoin the Tonle Sap
Progress Toward Outcome

The Project ended on 31 December 2010 without any further extension.

As of 31 December 2010, the Project is estimated to have achieved a combined physical progress of about 100% since the ADB grant become effective on 19 June 2006. The financial progress is now at 100% against an elapsed grant period of 100%.

All activities envisaged in the project's Design Monitoring Framework (DMF) have been fully implemented and all outputs indicated in the DMF have been produced. The recent poverty ranking exercise conducted in 41 villages from the 5 target provinces showed that the Project has contributed to a reduction of the very poor households by 24% while the percentage of medium well-off and rich families increased by 21% and 49%, respectively. It is to note that the very poor category are those who are landless, do not own productive assets and who are food insecure for about 8 months a year etc., while the rich category would be given to those who have land greater than 1 hectare, have productive assets and who are fully food secured. ADB will review the poverty assessment further during the Project Completion Report mission.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs The three expected outputs are: i) Community-driven development is supported; ii) Core areas are safeguarded (canceled); and iii) Skills and awareness for sustainable livelihoods are built
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

A. Community-Driven Development is supported: Community Livelihoods Funds (CLFs) in each of the 37 target communes were established. An amount of $12.3 million were transferred as block grants to finance: (i) Social Infrastructure (SI); (ii) Income Generation (IG); and (iii) Community Fisheries (CFi). The project support structures was established and functioned. These included: a national level working group; 31 staff assigned to the CLFTs at the provincial level; 74 Commune Facilitators (CF); and 15 Commune Development Specialists (CDSs). The total staff was 120 (26 women).

CLF/SI Projects: About 54% of total CLF allocation, benefiting about 83,000 people (54% are women). The project constructed 239 km of laterite and earth roads, 87 culverts, 11 bridges, 16 water filter stations, 3 community ponds with filters, 60 meters of dams, 13 water gates and 27 km of canals. 54 classrooms, 5 teacher houses, construction of 16 Commune offices and 13 boats for floating villages, 31 community fisheries offices, 4 floating platforms, 2 community meeting halls, 2 rural markets, and 2 health centers, and 1 rural electrification scheme.

CLF/IG projects: About 37% of total CLF allocation, benefiting about 135,000 people (52% were women). The project provided 5,800 piglets, 35,200 chickens and ducks, 1,810 cow/buffaloes, 31 tons of fish fingerlings. Trainings provided on vegetable and fruit production, mushroom growing. The project provided 260 small boats in floating villages to support micro-business and $0.23 million for group revolving funds.

CLF/CFi Support: About 9% of total CLF allocation benefiting about 507,000 people (53% were women). The project supported the Community Fishery Organizations to enable them to patrol their areas effectively. The project distributed 154 patrol boats and 82 sets of patrol equipment and supported planting of 20 hectares of flooded forests, held 121 fishery law dissemination sessions, undertook 120 environmental awareness activities and 8 study tours.

B. Skills and Awareness for Sustainable Livelihoods:

B1. Improve Coordination for Community-driven Development by CARD: An Organizational Assessment of CARD has been completed. This culminated in the production of an Issues and Options Report in April 2008. The first half of Strategy Paper was finalized and a restatement of the CARD mandate and the composition of the CARD Council subsequently endorsed through a Royal Decree. The Information and Knowledge Management was conducted. The CARD web site design was completed and was launched through a local domain name

B2. Enhance the Skills Base for Community Driven Development by MOI: Awareness raising seminars were conducted in each province during 2007 to introduce the project to local stakeholders.

i. Trained CLFTs and CFs on project implementation; ii. Trained CCs on the CLF guidelines iii. Train CFs in participatory project implementation; v. Trained CLFT members, CFs and CCs on ToT course on marketing; and vi. Trained 2216 persons (1136 women) on gender.

B3. Education for Protection of Natural Resources by Ministry of Environment:

- Assembled documents related to educational activities and natural resources around Tonle Sap.

- Assessed the five resources of the communities.

- Produced 7 lessons related to environment and MRM.

- Conducted one training course (4 days) for Mobile Training Teams with 16 trainees and provided postures and 7 lesson plans for their training activities.

Training on reducing environmental pollution through waste and water pollution management strategies were provided to 37 target communes and 142 people attended. Trainings also provided to teach trainees in the 5 provinces on environment awareness and natural resources of the Tonle Sap with the participation of 751 teacher trainees.

Geographical Location Provinces of Kompong Chhnang, Pursat, Battambang, Siem Reap, and Kompong Thom.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The consultants will be selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the selection and engagement of domestic consultants. The WorldFish Center will be appointed by direct selection to accomplish output 2. Live and Learn Environmental Education will be appointed by direct selection to accomplish certain activities in output 3 that relate to education for protection of natural resources.

Civil works, goods, and related services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. The civil works that relate to output 1, such as water supply and sanitation, schools, and small village works, will be procured by local competitive bidding amongst private contractors acceptable to ADB where the cost is less than $500,000.

Vehicles, machinery, and office equipment will be procured through international shopping where the cost is from $100,000 to $500,000 per package and through local competitive bidding where the cost is less than $100,000. Procurement of goods with a value of less than of $50,000 can be made by direct purchase. Contract of services may be given to nongovernment organizations. Commune Councils, through the Bidding Committee, will procure the civil works, goods, and related services for eligible activities. Details of packages for procurement will be determined during project implementation.

Responsible ADB Officer Chanthou Hem
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Interior
Mr. Yin Malyna
Ministry of Interior, Norodom, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Concept Clearance 15 Mar 2005
Fact Finding 04 May 2005 to 27 May 2005
MRM 12 Aug 2005
Approval 21 Dec 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 31 Mar 2007
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2011

Grant 0034-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Dec 2005 09 Mar 2006 19 Jun 2006 30 Jun 2010 31 Dec 2010 20 Jul 2011
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 15.00 21 Dec 2005 14.74 0.00 98%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 21 Dec 2005 14.74 0.00 98%

Grant 0035-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Dec 2005 09 Mar 2006 19 Jun 2006 30 Jun 2010 31 Dec 2010 20 Jul 2011
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 21 Dec 2005 0.00 4.71 99%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 21 Dec 2005 0.00 4.71 99%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Resettlement Frameworks Oct 2005

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
Cambodia: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Nov 2014

Related Publications

None currently available.

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