A. Community-Driven Development is supported: Community Livelihoods Funds (CLFs) in each of the 37 target communes were established. An amount of $12.3 million were transferred as block grants to finance: (i) Social Infrastructure (SI); (ii) Income Generation (IG); and (iii) Community Fisheries (CFi). The project support structures was established and functioned. These included: a national level working group; 31 staff assigned to the CLFTs at the provincial level; 74 Commune Facilitators (CF); and 15 Commune Development Specialists (CDSs). The total staff was 120 (26 women).
CLF/SI Projects: About 54% of total CLF allocation, benefiting about 83,000 people (54% are women). The project constructed 239 km of laterite and earth roads, 87 culverts, 11 bridges, 16 water filter stations, 3 community ponds with filters, 60 meters of dams, 13 water gates and 27 km of canals. 54 classrooms, 5 teacher houses, construction of 16 Commune offices and 13 boats for floating villages, 31 community fisheries offices, 4 floating platforms, 2 community meeting halls, 2 rural markets, and 2 health centers, and 1 rural electrification scheme.
CLF/IG projects: About 37% of total CLF allocation, benefiting about 135,000 people (52% were women). The project provided 5,800 piglets, 35,200 chickens and ducks, 1,810 cow/buffaloes, 31 tons of fish fingerlings. Trainings provided on vegetable and fruit production, mushroom growing. The project provided 260 small boats in floating villages to support micro-business and $0.23 million for group revolving funds.
CLF/CFi Support: About 9% of total CLF allocation benefiting about 507,000 people (53% were women). The project supported the Community Fishery Organizations to enable them to patrol their areas effectively. The project distributed 154 patrol boats and 82 sets of patrol equipment and supported planting of 20 hectares of flooded forests, held 121 fishery law dissemination sessions, undertook 120 environmental awareness activities and 8 study tours.
B. Skills and Awareness for Sustainable Livelihoods:
B1. Improve Coordination for Community-driven Development by CARD: An Organizational Assessment of CARD has been completed. This culminated in the production of an Issues and Options Report in April 2008. The first half of Strategy Paper was finalized and a restatement of the CARD mandate and the composition of the CARD Council subsequently endorsed through a Royal Decree. The Information and Knowledge Management was conducted. The CARD web site design was completed and was launched through a local domain name http://www.card.gov.kh
B2. Enhance the Skills Base for Community Driven Development by MOI: Awareness raising seminars were conducted in each province during 2007 to introduce the project to local stakeholders.
i. Trained CLFTs and CFs on project implementation; ii. Trained CCs on the CLF guidelines iii. Train CFs in participatory project implementation; v. Trained CLFT members, CFs and CCs on ToT course on marketing; and vi. Trained 2216 persons (1136 women) on gender.
B3. Education for Protection of Natural Resources by Ministry of Environment:
- Assembled documents related to educational activities and natural resources around Tonle Sap.
- Assessed the five resources of the communities.
- Produced 7 lessons related to environment and MRM.
- Conducted one training course (4 days) for Mobile Training Teams with 16 trainees and provided postures and 7 lesson plans for their training activities.
Training on reducing environmental pollution through waste and water pollution management strategies were provided to 37 target communes and 142 people attended. Trainings also provided to teach trainees in the 5 provinces on environment awareness and natural resources of the Tonle Sap with the participation of 751 teacher trainees.