Pakistan: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project

Sovereign Project | 39631-013

Summary

The project will contribute to reversing the devastating impact of the earthquake and so revive economic activity and enable people to resume their livelihoods and return to normal life. This will be achieved primarily through rehabilitating and reconstructing damaged and destroyed infrastructure as quickly as possible, which will particularly assist the poor and other vulnerable people.

The project will have the following components:

(i) quick-disbursing, which will be used to finance only imports identified as necessary for an effective recovery program; (ii) project components, which will finance rehabilitation and reconstruction of the following sectors: (a) transport; (b) power and (c) health and education; and

(iii) implementation assistance component with subcomponents: legal assistance, governance and institutional building which will be used to address governance, legal and documentary issues arising from the earthquake's impact.

Latest Project Documents

Project Results

 

793

kilometers of roads built or upgraded

 

1,527,882

average daily vehicle-kilometers using roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation


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Project Name Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project
Project Number 39631-013
Country Pakistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0029-PAK: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project
Pakistan Earthquake Fund US$ 80.00 million
Loan 2213-PAK: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 232.50 million
TA 4730-PAK: Capacity Building for the Office of the Auditor General of Pakistan
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 2.00 million
Grant 0029-PAK: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project
Pakistan Earthquake Fund US$ 13.65 million
Grant 0029-PAK: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project
Pakistan Earthquake Fund US$ 30.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Education - Secondary
Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution - Renewable energy generation - small hydro
Health - Health system development
Public sector management - Public administration - Social protection initiatives
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The project will contribute to reversing the devastating impact of the earthquake and so revive economic activity and enable people to resume their livelihoods and return to normal life. This will be achieved primarily through rehabilitating and reconstructing damaged and destroyed infrastructure as quickly as possible, which will particularly assist the poor and other vulnerable people.

The project will have the following components:

(i) quick-disbursing, which will be used to finance only imports identified as necessary for an effective recovery program; (ii) project components, which will finance rehabilitation and reconstruction of the following sectors: (a) transport; (b) power and (c) health and education; and

(iii) implementation assistance component with subcomponents: legal assistance, governance and institutional building which will be used to address governance, legal and documentary issues arising from the earthquake's impact.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy It is an emergency assistance loan in response to the 2005 earthquake in which 78,000 lives were lost and 9 districts severely affected with damage estimate of about $6 billion according to joint DNA conducted by the ADB and the WB.
Impact

The expected impact of the Project is to contribute to the revival of economic activity and to enable people to resume their means of livelihood and return to normalcy, by minimizing the devastating

impact of the earthquake.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Restore economic activities and livelihood in earthquake-affected areas
Progress Toward Outcome

The project was highly effective in achieving its outcomes. All education, power, health,

and transport infrastructure built under the project was built according to the new building codes

approved for the affected area and was earthquake resistant. Where possible, multi-hazardresistant

standards were introduced to handle floods, wind, and landslides. The level of

resilience against floods in roads was designed for a 1-in-100-year return period for bridges and

a 1-in-50-year return period for other structures. This is in line with the country's approved

standards. The damage to a few roads during the 2010 floods occurred because the flood levels

were above the 1-in-100-year return period used in the design of these facilities.

48. No secondary economic data are available for the affected districts of AJK and KP.

However, project-specific data collected at completion show that people are better off than

before the earthquake. Enrollment in the schools16 reconstructed under the project increased

from the pre-earthquake level of 39,924 to 43,827 students in AJK and from 6,083 to 8,386

students in KP. About 1,100 additional classrooms and 1,100 rooms for administration were

added to existing schools. In total, 45% of the infrastructure was built for girls and 41% of the

enrolled students were girls. For parents, children's safety in schools is no longer a concern.

The reconstructed schools have sanitation facilities for boys, girls, and teachers. Their design

includes rails and ramps for disabled children. Lightning arresters, boundary walls, heat and

sound insulation, water, electricity, sanitary disposal, and child-friendly spaces were provided in

almost all schools to enhance children's security, safety, and quality of life.

49. There was an increase in the average annual consultation rates in the 26 BHUs

constructed under the project, from 25,000 before the earthquake to 123,00017 after it. There

was a 41% increase in outpatients and referrals in the reconstructed hospitals.

50. Travel time on roads constructed under the project was reduced by more than 50% on

average. About 30% more people now have domestic and commercial electricity connections in

the affected areas of AJK than before the earthquake. By reducing travel cost and improving the

provision of education, health services, and electricity, the project has contributed significantly

toward improving quality of life and regenerating economic activities in the affected area.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Quick-Disbursing Component

Partially finance the unusually high and unexpected expenditures that are being undertaken by the Government on account of earthquake related rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts.

2. Project Sector

Components Transport

Rehabilitate earthquake damaged major roads and bridges, except National Highways, within the four affected districts in AJK (Bagh, Muzaffarabad, Neelum, and Poonch, about 229km) and the five affected districts in KPK (Abbottabad, Battagram, Kohistan Mansehra, and Shangla, 660km).

Power Sector

(i) Repair 9 damaged hydropower generation stations inclusive of access roads, buildings, and ancillary facilities; (ii) supply and install equipment and lines related to the 132kV, 33kV, and 11kV substations; (iii) construct operational buildings of substations and staff quarters; (iv) reestablishment of 0.4kV and 0.22kV low voltage lines and service connections to consumers; (v) and install transformers, meters, and

service connections to the tent villages and relief camps established after 8 October 2005.

Social Sectors

Health

(i) reconstruction of one district hospital and three Tehsil headquarter hospitals, including wards, operation theatres, outpatient departments, staff quarters and other necessary services; (ii) provision of all the essential medical equipment to the hospitals including ambulances and supplies; and (iii) construction of proper waiting areas and provision of public toilets and clean drinking water for visitors.

Education

(i) repair and reconstruction of about 433 partly and completely damaged Government middle schools buildings, according to improved seismic designs, latrines, office accommodation; (ii) provision of all essential furniture and equipment for all the middle schools reconstructed and repaired; (iii) training of

master trainers for teachers training; and (iv) school health services for physical and physiological

health assessment and advice.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

All 9 hydro station completed, all grid station reconstructed along with their ancillary facilities. Supply and installation of equipment for 132, 33 and 11 Kv lines completed. All low voltage line reestablished and householder connection installed with meters. All transformers purchased and installed. Electricity provided to tent villages and three months bills of all tent villages paid.

793 km of road completed. 52 bridges completed.

In total 410 schools have been completed out of 433. In this 305 schools are complete in AJK and 105 schools are complete in KP (NWFP). Furniture has been procured for all 433 schools including additional furniture for more than 400 government schools rebuilt through other sources. The teachers in all the 433 schools have been trained and parent teacher association formed and strengthened for school management. The remaining 23 schools are partially complted and will be fully completed by the government funding.

All activities are complete including 26 BHUs, 1 RHC, 2 Tehsil and one district hospital. Including the all the equipment and the associated residences and the office of the health department.

Geographical Location State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and Khyber Paktunkhwa Province of Pakistan
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Covered under PAK Grant 39631-01.
Procurement Procurement of goods, works and related services will be carried out in a manner consistent with the simplified and expedient procedures under the ADB Disaster and Emergency Assistance Policy and ADB Guidelines for procurement and the contemplated implementation schedule. Local competitive bidding procedures will be the preferred mode of procurement. Procurement of goods and related services estimated to cost more than $1 million and civil works contracts worth over $5 million will be procured following international competitive bidding. International shopping procedures will be followed for procurement of goods and related services estimated at between $100,000 and $1 million. For small specialized equipment and materials contracts valued at less than $100,000, direct procurement procedures acceptable to ADB will be followed. Civil works contracts estimated to cost $5 million or less will be procured through local bidding procedures acceptable to ADB. Communtiy participation in the procurement of small works of a simple nature is encouraged.
Responsible ADB Officer Mian S. Shafi
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Pakistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Office of the Controller General Accounts (CGA)Iftikhar Ahmed Khan, Controller, General AccountsCGA Complex, G5/2 Islamabad Pakistan
Ministry of Finance (Old)Government of Pakistan (Old)
Islamabad, Pakistan
Ministry of FinanceAsif Bajwa, Additional SecretaryEconomic Affairs Div. Rm. 308 Block "C" Secretariat Bldg Islamabad, Pakistan
Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehab AuthorityTariq Bajwatariqbajwa@erra.gov.pkPrime Minister Secretariat Constitution Avenue, Islamabad
Office of the Auditor General of Pakistan (AGP)Muhammad Yunus Khan, Auditor GeneralG-5, Islamabad Pakistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2005
Fact Finding 10 Nov 2005 to 15 Nov 2005
MRM 22 Nov 2005
Approval 13 Dec 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 31 Mar 2008
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2013

Grant 0029-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2005 23 Dec 2005 14 Feb 2006 30 Jun 2009 30 Jun 2011 13 Sep 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 123.65 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 123.65 13 Dec 2005 123.57 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Dec 2005 123.57 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - -

Grant 0037-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2005 27 Dec 2006 14 Apr 2007 30 Jun 2009 31 Dec 2010 20 Dec 2011
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1.51 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 13 Dec 2005 0.00 32.38 86%
Counterpart 1.51 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Dec 2005 0.00 32.38 86%

Loan 2213-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2005 23 Dec 2005 14 Feb 2006 30 Jun 2009 30 Jun 2011 19 Jun 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 232.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 232.50 13 Dec 2005 221.93 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Dec 2005 221.93 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - -

TA 4730-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2005 13 Jan 2006 13 Jan 2006 31 Jan 2009 31 Jan 2010 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
2,000,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 13 Dec 2005 832,381.98
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - -
Title Document Type Document Date
Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project: Project Completion Report Project/Program Completion Reports Nov 2012
Capacity Building for the Office of Auditor General of Pakistan TA Completion Reports Dec 2011
Amendments to the Financing Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Asian Development Bank dated 12 December 2007 Financing Agreement Dec 2007
Pakistan Earthquake Fund and Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Loan Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements Sep 2007
Amendment to the Financing Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Asian Development Bank dated 18 April 2007 Financing Agreement Apr 2007
Use of Loan Savings for Emergency Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Earthquake-Affected Areas in Pakistan Loan Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements Mar 2007
Pakistan Earthquake Fund and Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Loan Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements Nov 2006
Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Project/Program Administration Manual Jul 2006
Amendments to the Financing Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Asian Development Bank dated 16 February 2006 Financing Agreement Feb 2006
Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Dec 2005
Project Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between ADB and Islamabad Electric Supply Company dated 23 December 2005 Project/Program Agreement Dec 2005
Financing Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between Islamic Republic of Pakistan and ADB dated 23 December 2005 Financing Agreement Dec 2005
Project Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between ADB and Peshawar Electric Supply Company dated 23 December 2005 Project/Program Agreement Dec 2005
Project Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between ADB and Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority dated 23 December 2005 Project/Program Agreement Dec 2005
Project Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between Asian Development Bank and North West Frontier Province dated 23 December 2005 Project/Program Agreement Dec 2005
Project Agreement for Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project between ADB and Azad Jammu and Kashmir dated 23 December 2005 Project/Program Agreement Dec 2005

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Resettlement Planning Documents Dec 2005

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
Pakistan: Earthquake Emergency Assistance Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2014

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