Kyrgyz Republic: CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project 1

Sovereign Project | 39674-022 Status: Closed


ADB is supporting the improvement of a key Central Asian transport corridor to help boost trade, tourism, and economic cooperation in the region. The project will upgrade a 39-kilometer section of the Bishkek-Torugart Road that links the Kyrgyz Republic with the People's Republic of China and other Central Asian countries. It will also improve border-crossing facilities at the Torugart border.

Latest Project Documents

Project Results



cross-border cargo volume facilitated



kilometers of road that have been built or upgraded



average daily vehicle-kilometers using roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

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Project Name CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project 1
Project Number 39674-022
Country Kyrgyz Republic
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0123-KGZ: CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements

The 500 kilometer (km) Bishkek-Torugart road is part of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Corridor 1 linking the Kyrgyz Republic with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and other Central Asian countries. The Torugart post is a major border control and customs facility between the Kyrgyz Republic and the PRC. The road condition is poor; border-crossing facilities and procedures are outdated and inefficient, and they obstruct international traffic and trade. Improved road and customs infrastructure will remove the obstruction and open up this corridor for wider regional trade and economic cooperation. It will reduce travel and transit times from the current 3 to 4 days to 2 days.

Improvement of the Bishkek-Torugart road will be implemented in three phases and includes (i) improving 488 km of the Bishkek-Torugart road in the Kyrgyz Republic and the 20 km Bishkek bypass road, (ii) modernizing infrastructure and facilities at the Kyrgyz Republic-PRC border crossing at Torugart, and (iii) policy and institutional support in the road subsector. The Project 1 outputs are (i) an improved 39-km road section from Km 400 to Km 439 of the Bishkek Torugart road, (ii) modernized customs infrastructure at the Kyrgyz Republic-PRC border crossing at Torugart, (iii) a transport sector master plan for 2010 2025, and (iv) a fully operational Bishkek-Torugart Road Corridor Management Department (BTRMCD).

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Regional cooperation in Central Asia has centered on transport, energy, and trade facilitation for the last decade since the launch of the Asian Development Bank (ADB)-sponsored CAREC Program in 1997. This proposal supports transport and trade facilitation under CAREC. Endorsed under the CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy, the Bishkek-Torugart road forms part of the CAREC Transport Corridor 1. It is the shortest road link from Kashi, a vibrant cultural and trade center in the PRC, to consumer markets in the northern Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, and Russian Federation. As part of the Silk Road that linked ancient China to the Western world, it also represents an important historical heritage.

Development of the transport sector is a priority of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (the Government), as reflected in its Country Development Strategy for 2007-2010. Substantial investments of about $350 million were made in the last decade to rehabilitate the country's major road corridors. Along with these investments, the Kyrgyz Republic has also made progress in reforming transport sector operations. It adopted the Road Sector Development Strategy for 2007-2010, increased road financing, and plans to outsource and privatize road maintenance operations. Improvement of the Bishkek-Torugart road is a priority investment project included in the Government's strategy.

ADB is the lead partner in developing the transport sector in the Kyrgyz Republic. The Project is included in the Joint Country Support Strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic (2007-2010). It will complement ADB-led investment and policy dialogue in the country and complete a key transport corridor connecting Bishkek, the capital of the Kyrgyz Republic, to Kashi in the PRC.

Impact Reduced transport costs and regional trade and tourism between the Kyrgyz Republic and the PRC promoted.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved access to markets, social services, and tourist destinations
Progress Toward Outcome

Project outcome can be realized in 2015.

Two components were cancelled which are related to (a) modernization of customs infrastructure facilities at Kyrgyz Republic-PRC border; and (b) making operational the Bishkek-Torugart Road Corridor Management Department, as requested by the government. This will have no major impact over the achievement of overall project outcomes.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Bishkek-Torugart road improved

Long-term transport sector masterplan (2010-2025) developed

BTRCMD fully operational

Customs infrastructure facilities at Kyrgyz Republic-PRC border at Torugart modernized (this component was dropped from the project outputs at the Government's request due to complexity of conditions and high maintenance cost of the existing customs and border facilities). The Government plans to rehabilitate the customs facilities using its own resources.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Project physically completed on 31 September 2012. Project was financially closed on 11 March 2013.

Final Report for the transport sector masterplan completed.

Geographical Location Naryn Oblast, Kyrgyzstan
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Project is not expected to generate significant environmental impacts, provided the mitigation measures outlined in the IEE and environmental management plan (EMP) are implemented appropriately.
Involuntary Resettlement Implementation of the resettlement plan has been completed with all affected persons compensated. Regular monitoring is ongoing.
Indigenous Peoples There are no groups with characteristics of indigenous people (as defined by ADB's Policy on Indigenous Peoples [1998]) affected by the Project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During the project preparation activities including ADB missions, feasibility studies, environmental impact assessment, and social surveys consultations were carried out with the Government, nongovernment organizations, local communities, road users, external aid agencies, and other project stakeholders. These consultations covered major issues such as road alignment, transport services, project benefits, and social and environmental impacts of the Project. The results showed a high degree of support from project stakeholders.
During Project Implementation ADB and the Government jointly carried out a midterm review of implementation of the Project. The review focused on outputs, particularly those relating to institutional, administrative, technical, environmental, and social aspects. The Project's economic viability and other aspects that may have an impact on overall performance will be assessed after completion of the Project, or as necessary during implementation. The review will examine the implementation progress of the reforms and compliance with assurances specified in the Grant Agreement.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services International consultants for construction supervision, project monitoring and evaluation and preparation of subsequent subproject, and preparation of Transport Sector Master Plan were engaged. National consultants were also engaged who provided institutional support to IPIG/MOTC. All consulting services that were financed by ADB have followed ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Procurement Civil works were packaged into three contracts with ADB-financed section following ADB's ICB procedures. Two other contracts have been financed under parallel cofinancing arrangement following cofinancier's procurement rules. Procurement of civil works for border infrastructure improvement following NCB procedures did not materialize as this component was cancelled.
Responsible ADB Officer Susan Lim
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Transport and Communications
Mr. S. Ibraimov
42 Isanova St., Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
Concept Clearance 22 Apr 2008
Fact Finding 05 May 2008 to 16 May 2008
MRM 04 Jul 2008
Approval 14 Nov 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 10 Jun 2008
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2013

Grant 0123-KGZ

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 Nov 2008 24 Nov 2008 06 Jan 2009 30 Sep 2012 - 11 Mar 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 14 Nov 2008 17.54 0.00 88%
Counterpart 10.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 14 Nov 2008 17.54 0.00 88%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Projects 1, 2, and 3: Detailed Bird Survey and Assessment Report Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2015
CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project 1: Due Diligence Report on a Complaint in Kara Bulun Village, At-Bashy Rayon Environmental Monitoring Reports Nov 2012
CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek–Torugart Road), Project 1 -- Compliance Report Addendum for the Three Affected Persons Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2012
Транспорттук коридор – 1, БААЭК (Бишкек – Торугарт жолу), 1 Долбоор -- Калган 3 ДТА үчүн кайра жайгаштыруу планын ишке ашыруу тууралуу отчетуна толуктоо Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2012
Транспортный коридор ЦАРЭС – 1, (дорога Бишкек - Торугарт), Проект 1 -- Дополнение к отчету о реализации плана переселения для 3-х оставшихся ЛПВ Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2012
CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Social Compliance Audit Report Nov 2011
Транспортный коридор ЦАРЭС - 1 Social Compliance Audit Report Nov 2011
Кыргыз Республикасы: Транспорттук коридор - 1 Social Compliance Audit Report Nov 2011
Транспортный коридор ЦАРЭС - 1 Resettlement Plans Jul 2011
CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Resettlement Plans Jul 2011
Транспорттук коридор - 1 Resettlement Plans Jul 2011
CAREC Transport Corridor I (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2008

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
Kyrgyz Republic: CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek–Torugart Road) Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Nov 2014

Related Publications

None currently available.

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