Regional: CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ)

Sovereign Project | 39676-023

Summary

The PRC-Kyrgyz Republic-Tajikistan road corridor, which runs from Irkeshtam on the Kyrgyz Republic border with the People's Republic of China (PRC) to Dushanbe and is approximately 550 kilometers in length, is a key transport artery for the two landlocked countries, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, to trade with the PRC. It is also an integral part of the regional road network in Central Asia linking the Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The project road has become a bottleneck for regional trade and transport due to its poor condition and lack of maintenance.

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Project Name CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ)
Project Number 39676-023
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0084-REG: CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (KGZ)
Asian Development Fund US$ 25.60 million
Grant 0085-REG: CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ)
Asian Development Fund US$ 12.50 million
Loan 2359-REG: CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ)
Asian Development Fund US$ 40.90 million
TA 6415-REG: Cross Border Agreement Among the Kyrgyz Republic, People's Republic of China and Republic of Tajikistan
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The PRC-Kyrgyz Republic-Tajikistan road corridor, which runs from Irkeshtam on the Kyrgyz Republic border with the People's Republic of China (PRC) to Dushanbe and is approximately 550 kilometers in length, is a key transport artery for the two landlocked countries, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, to trade with the PRC. It is also an integral part of the regional road network in Central Asia linking the Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The project road has become a bottleneck for regional trade and transport due to its poor condition and lack of maintenance.

The Project will improve the Corridor's missing links. Its outputs include (i) improved 263 km of the two-lane road from Sary Tash in the Kyrgyz Republic to Nimich in Tajikistan (about 142 km from Sary Tash to the Kyrgyz-Tajik border and 121 km from the Kyrgyz-Tajik border to Nimich); (ii) improved infrastructure at the Kyrgyz-PRC border crossing (Irkeshtam) and the Kyrgyz-Tajik border crossing (Karamik); (iii) increased sustainability and capacity of the road subsector through outsourcing maintenance operations to the private sector in the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan; and (iv) a cross-border agreement among the Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, and Tajikistan.

The Project will contribute to reducing transport costs and fostering regional trade and cooperation among Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, Tajikistan, and other Central Asian countries. The project outcome is increased regional traffic and trade, along with improved access to regional markets and social services for people living along the Corridor.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project corridor is the most direct link from the PRC to Central and South Asia. It falls under Corridor 3 of the six priority corridors identified under the Transport Sector Strategy of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program. The road sections to be rehabilitated under the Project are in poor condition and restrict domestic and international traffic. This obstructs trade between the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the PRC and other neighboring Central Asian countries. By improving the remaining road sections of the corridor from Dushanbe to the Kyrgyz-PRC border at Irkeshtam, the Project will open up this potentially promising corridor for regional trade and cooperation.

In addition, border infrastructure at Karamik and Irkeshtam are inadequate to handle cross-border traffic. With improved road conditions, cross-border traffic is expected to rise. The Project will improve border infrastructure with better traffic handling facilities. It will also develop a cross-border agreement among the Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, and Tajikistan to streamline and simplify border and customs procedures for smooth movement across borders.

The Project is consistent with the transport sector strategy of the Government, which includes developing international road corridors to facilitate external trade and transit traffic, as well as to establish legal and regulatory frameworks to encourage private sector participation in transport.

Impact Increased regional trade and cooperation
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved access to markets and social services.
Progress Toward Outcome

Final assessment for TAJ component is ongoing and will be available in the third quarter 2014. Performance indicators and interim achievements as of the end of 2012 are provided below [Source: Project Monitoring and Evaluation Interim Report as of 31 December 2012]:

1. Daily international freight traffic on the project road increases from about 10 trucks per day in 2006 to 177 trucks per day in 2015. Progress: December 2012 traffic surveys indicate increase of daily international freight traffic to 160 trucks in December 2011 and 76 trucks in December 2012.

2. Domestic traffic on the project road increases from 250 annual average daily traffic (AADT) in 2006 to 750 AADT in 2015. Progress: December 2012 traffic surveys indicate significant increase in domestic traffic to 2378 AADT.

3. Travel time between Dushanbe and Kyrgyz-PRC border reduced from 13 hours in 2007 to 8 hours by 2012. Progress: As of December 2012, travel time from Dushanbe to Karamik border takes 7 hours.

4. Number of children in the project area attending secondary school increases from 95% in 2007 to 99% in 2015. Progress: In 2012, attendance is estimated at 99%.

5. Agricultural, horticultural, and livestock production in the project area increases from 100,000 tons in 2006 to 160,000 tons in 2015. Progress: 2011 production is estimated at 110,683 tons (local government production statistics). Data for 2012 will be available in June 2013.

6. Traffic accidents on the Corridor reduces from 14 accidents per 250 AADT in 2006 to 14 per 750 AADT in 2015. Progress: The number of traffic accidents on the project road has been significantly reduced - 14 accidents per 1850 AADT in the fourth quarter of 2012.

For Progress Towards Outcome under KGZ component (Grant 0084-TAJ), refer to progress report of Project No. 39676-033.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Nimich (Tajikistan) to Sary Tash (Kyrgyz Republic) road corridor improved

2. Nimich to Sary Tash road corridor properly maintained

3. Border infrastructure at Kyrgyz-Tajik and Kyrgyz-PRC borders improved

4. Cross-border agreement among Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, and Tajikistan signed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1. Nimich (Tajikistan) to Sary Tash (Kyrgyz Republic) road corridor improved:

Under TAJ component, 114 km of road section from Nimich to Karamyk was improved, including 5 new bridges, 3 rehabilitated bridges, and 3 bridges replaced with concrete causeways: (i) For Sayron-Karamik section [Package 1, 248-337 km] main civil works completed, with Defects Liability Period ended on 16 September 2013. (ii) For Nimich-Sayron section [Package 2, 217-248 km], the contract was completed on 15 December 2010; the site was inspected by the Government Commission and the Consultant on 17 December 2010; the Performance certificate and the Final certificate issued.

Output 2. Nimich to Sary Tash road corridor properly maintained:

The component has undergone significant delays on its initial as this was a new concept for MOT and the country without any precedence in the contract execution. After long delays and with numerous efforts, the government and MOT agreed to pilot the PBM contracts for two CAREC road sections. The PBM consultant was mobilized on 6 February 2012 to assist MOT with all preparatory work for implementing the PBM contracts. Two PBM contracts [Lot 1: Nurobod to Nimich, km 140 to km 213, and Lot 2: Vahdat - Obi-Garm, km 20 to km 96] were awarded on 25 May 2013 and commenced on 1 July 2013. The contracts will be implemented over three years.

MOT assumed full responsibility for the PBM contracts after the project closure and would ensure monitoring and supervision of contracts up to their end period in 2016. To ensure effective monitoring and supervision of PBM activity as well as its evaluation and further improvement, key MOT and PIU officials were trained on Results-Based Management and Performance Indicators for the Road Sector through a study tour to Malaysia, which among others, included a study visit to the PBM site for observing good practices. Moreover, the project procured a vehicle and computer equipment to ensure (i) the appropriate level of supervision over the PBM contracts, (ii) continuous and effective monitoring and evaluation of the PBM pilot projects, and (iii) sustainability of the projects outcome.

Output 3. Border infrastructure at Kyrgyz-Tajik and Kyrgyz-PRC borders improved:

The works under this component were implemented under the Loan 2114-TAJ/Grant 0155-TAJ: Regional Customs Modernization and Infrastructure Development Project. Works for improvement of Karamik border post at Tajik-Kyrgyz border commenced in July 2009 and completed in November 2010, including construction of two entry check points, administrative building, examination facility, concrete placing, and water and electricity supply. Diesel generator, X-ray machine, electric scale were also delivered to the border post. Development of the Unified Automated Information System (UAIS) software has been finalized and rolled out to 74 border posts, including Karamik.

Output 4. Cross-border agreement among Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, and Tajikistan signed:

The cross-border transport agreement between Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic was signed by the two Governments on 2 December 2010. Accordingly, the agreement was ratified by Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic and became effective on 28 June 2011. In August 2011, Afghanistan, Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan have finalized an agreement that will allow Afghanistan to take part in a cross-border transport accord recently ratified by the two Central Asian countries.

________________

Refer to Project No. 39676-033 for Progress/ Status as well as Activities under KGZ component (Grant 0084-TAJ).

Geographical Location Kyrgyzstan, Osh Oblast,Tajikistan, Rasht Valley
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Two initial environmental examinations (IEEs) of the Project and a consolidated Summary IEE (SIEE) were carried out under the PPTA in accordance with ADB's Environment Policy (2002) and Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003). Based on results of the IEEs, the Project is not expected to generate significant environmental impacts provided the mitigation measures outlined in the IEEs are implemented appropriately. The environmental management plan as detailed in the IEEs and SIEE includes mitigation measures and a monitoring program for both construction and operation phases of the Project.
Involuntary Resettlement All civil works in both countries will take place either within the existing rights-of-way or on unused state-owned land. No major relocation of households or acquisition of productive land is expected. If the Project needs new borrow pits or quarries, these are expected to be located on unused state-owned land. The Project will affect 27 families (228 persons) in Tajikistan and no families will be affected in the Kyrgyz Republic. Fences and uninhabited structures on the right-of-way will be demolished but will have no adverse effects on income. Although the foreseen impact is minimal, a short resettlement plan was prepared. Consultations were carried out during project preparatory technical assistance, and further consultations will be conducted between the local government land committee and the affected households.
Indigenous Peoples Project areas both on the Tajik and the Kyrgyz sides are inhabited by Kyrgyz and Tajik people. In both countries the two ethnic groups live in harmony and equally participate in the market economy, local politics, and national cultural processes. No groups with characteristics of indigenous people, as defined by the ADB's Policy on Indigenous People, will be affected by the project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During the project preparation activities - including ADB missions, feasibility studies, environmental impact assessment, social surveys, and resettlement planning - consultations were carried out with governments, embassies of Afghanistan and the PRC, international donors and aid agencies, nongovernment organizations, local communities, road users, and other stakeholders of the Project. The consultations covered major issues such as road alignment, transport services, project benefits, and social and environmental impacts of the Project. The results showed a high degree of public support, as well as support from all governments concerned with the Project.
During Project Implementation Information sharing is envisaged during the project implementation and monitoring. Consultations with local communities, project affected persons, central and local governments, nongovernment organizations, and others associated with the proposed project area will continue throughout the project implementation to address implementation-related technical, environmental, social, and resettlement concerns and issues.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will require 67 person-months of international and 567 person-months of national consulting services for (i) construction supervision, including training to domestic private contractors and tendering out performance based-contracts; (ii) project benefits monitoring and evalaution; and (iii) project management. The consulting firm will be selected using quality - and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with simplified technical proposal. 24 person-months of individual consulting services will be provided for supporting MOTC in privatization and outsourcing road maintenance activities to the private sector and introducing best practices in preventive road maintenance. In addition, 24 person-months of international and 10 person-monhts of national individual consulting services will be required for the development of cross-border agreement among the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and the People's Republic of China.
Procurement Contracts valued in excess of $500,000 for goods amd $1.0 million for civil works will be procured through international competitive bidding procedures ICB). Civil works for the border infrastructure improvement component will be financed following national competitive bidding procedures (NCB). Computer system and customs operations equipment will be procured by international shopping bidding procedures. All procurement will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Takeshi Fukayama
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Tajikistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Custom ServiceGurez Zaripov, Head50 Buhoro Street Dushanbe Tajikistan 734025
Asian Development Bank Mr. Haruya Koidehkoide@adb.org6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Ministry of TransportMr. Shokulov Ismonkul Salimovich, Executive Director for Project Implementation Unit for Roads Rehabilitationpiurr@tojikiston.com14, Aini Street Dushanbe 734042 Tajikistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Mar 2007
Fact Finding 16 Apr 2007 to 28 Apr 2007
MRM -
Approval 24 Oct 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 04 Mar 2008
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2014

Grant 0084-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Oct 2007 31 Oct 2007 06 Feb 2008 30 Sep 2013 - 28 Feb 2014
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 62.60 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 25.60 24 Oct 2007 25.53 0.00 100%
Counterpart 37.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 24 Oct 2007 25.53 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Grant 0085-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Oct 2007 03 Nov 2007 21 Dec 2007 30 Sep 2013 - 25 Mar 2014
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 12.50 24 Oct 2007 12.46 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 24 Oct 2007 12.46 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Loan 2359-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Oct 2007 03 Nov 2007 21 Dec 2007 30 Sep 2013 - 06 Dec 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 40.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 40.90 24 Oct 2007 40.87 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 24 Oct 2007 40.87 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

TA 6415-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Oct 2007 - 24 Oct 2007 30 Sep 2009 31 Dec 2009 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 550,000.00 24 Oct 2007 413,698.64
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ) -- Ex Post Evaluation of Resettlement Compensation Resettlement Plans Jul 2012
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project: Package 1 - "Sayron-Karamik" Road Section: 2nd Quarter 2011 Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2011
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (Sarytash-Karamyk Road) Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2011
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project Package 1: "Sayron-Karamik" Road Section: Environmental Monitoring Report 1st Quarter 2011 Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2011
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project Package 1: "Sayron-Karamik" Road Section: Environmental Monitoring Report 4th Quarter 2010 Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2010
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ) -- Updated Short Resettlement Plan - 3 Resettlement Plans Sep 2010
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project Package 1: "Sayron-Karamik" Road Section: Additional Environmental Monitoring Report 3rd Quarter 2010 Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2010
Проект улучшения регионального дорожного коридора ЦАРЭС Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2010
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (Tajikistan): Environmental Monitoring Report 2nd Quarter 2010 Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2010
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project (TAJ) -- Updated Short Resettlement Plan - 2 Resettlement Plans Aug 2009

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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