Tajikistan: Preparing the Khatlon Province Flood Management Project

Sovereign Project | 40046-013

Summary

Tajikistan is susceptible to natural disasters, particularly floods. The floods of 1998 and 1999 were especially devastating, causing 32 deaths and agricultural and infrastructure damage estimated at $55 million.

The Project aims to help Tajikistan address recurring flood risks through a holistic and coordinated approach involving both physical and non-physical measures in one of the most floodprone areas in the country - Hamadoni, Farkhor, Kulyab, and Vose districts in Khatlon province. A major part of the Project funds will be used for the physical works for the rehabilitation of 8.3 km of flood protection embankment along the Pyanj River. In addition, the project will develop and disseminate a flood risk map, strengthen flood warning systems, prepare a flood preparedness and evacuation plan, and strengthen flood forecasting capacity by rehabilitating the hydrometeorological network.

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Project Name Preparing the Khatlon Province Flood Management Project
Project Number 40046-013
Country Tajikistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2356-TAJ: Preparing the Khatlon Province Flood Management Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 22.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural flood protection - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

Tajikistan is susceptible to natural disasters, particularly floods. The floods of 1998 and 1999 were especially devastating, causing 32 deaths and agricultural and infrastructure damage estimated at $55 million.

The Project aims to help Tajikistan address recurring flood risks through a holistic and coordinated approach involving both physical and non-physical measures in one of the most floodprone areas in the country - Hamadoni, Farkhor, Kulyab, and Vose districts in Khatlon province. A major part of the Project funds will be used for the physical works for the rehabilitation of 8.3 km of flood protection embankment along the Pyanj River. In addition, the project will develop and disseminate a flood risk map, strengthen flood warning systems, prepare a flood preparedness and evacuation plan, and strengthen flood forecasting capacity by rehabilitating the hydrometeorological network.

Given that the Pyanj River borders Tajikistan and Afghanistan, the possible environmental impacts of the Project's physical works in both Tajikistan and Afghanistan were examined. The initial environment examination study found that there is unlikely to be significant negative environmental impact. The Project is expected to have a significant positive impact on ecological resources and socioeconomic conditions in the area.

In addition, the project will help the Government define and implement the policy reforms needed to improve its flood preparedness, and to remove some of its persisting operation and maintenance (O&M) funding constraints for the flood levees and bank protection works.

The Project will strengthen capacity at the Ministry of Land Reclamation and Water Resources (MLRWR) and the local government bodies to manage flood disaster risks, and to apply

need-based O&M budget planning, allocations, and monitoring for the flood protection structures. The application of performance based O&M contracts will also be pilot tested.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The four districts in Khatlon province contain some of the country's most productive agricultural lands. Cotton, Tajikistan's key agricultural export commodity, is grown in 53% of the

province's farm land (93,000 ha), accounting for 32% of the country's total cotton area. The area is populated by 583,700 people and has a comparatively high level of private and public sector assets, which play a pivotal role in regional agriculture, economy and trade.

This area is under constant threat of flooding by the Pyanj River, as flood protection facilities have degraded over the years because of continued under-funding of O&M expenditures. In addition, the floods from the upper mountains are worsening - both in intensity and duration. The Government accords the highest priority to the immediate improvement of flood protection facilities in Khatlon province. By putting in place modern flood protection, the Government also expects to reduce the annual O&M funding requirements substantially.

The concept and approach of the proposed project reflect the lessons gathered under the technical assistance (TA) for Strategy for Improved Flood Management. The economic problems of the last decade have left a considerable backlog of maintenance work to be done on the protection systems. As a result, the levels of protection against flooding in many areas of the country are alarmingly low - addressing this backlog in order to bring protection systems to a reasonable level has been accorded a high priority.

Impact Flood risks in Khatlon province are reduced.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Sustainable flood management systems are operational
Progress Toward Outcome Sustainable flood management systems are in place. Project has been completed and is expected to close by June 2014.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Institutional and Legal Reforms are operational

2. Physical Infrastructure for Flood Management are improved

3. Flood Preparedness and Forecasting Capacities are improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed. Water Code was amended in December 2009.

Institutional framework associated with amended Water Code was formulated and its operation and staff training are ongoing.

Targeted rehabilitation was completed. Additional rehabilitation works are almost completed. Only remaining rehabilitation works of damaged irrigation pipeline will be completed by April 2014.

All required equipment were procured and transferred to the subordinate organization of MLRWR located in Khatlon province.

Flood inundation areas have been identified with differenct flood return periods. Preliminary flood risk maps have been prepared.

Plans were completed in early 2010.

3 stations are functional.

6 river gauges are functional.

Flood forecasting model in real time mode for Yakhsu and Kizilsu Rivers was developed using MIKE 11 computer software and handed over to the State Agency for Hydrometeorology.

Flood warning triggers have been operational since November 2011.

This will be reviewed in 2013.

Feasibility study was completed in November 2009.

Geographical Location Hamadoni, Farkhor, Kulyab, and Vose district in Khatlon province.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

An initial environmental examination (IEE) has been conducted in accordance with ADB's Environment Policy (2002) and Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003), as well as with Tajikistan's applicable laws and regulations. The Project is classified as category B. There will be no significant adverse long-term environmental impacts. The construction of the

embankments will have some local impacts on flow pattern and scouring but these effects will extend only a few meters into the river channel. As the system and braided river channels extend some 5-10 km toward Afghanistan, the wider effects will be insignificant and there will be no trans-boundary impacts. The socioeconomic and environmental benefits will be

considerable, in terms of improved security against floods. The project will generate employment opportunities during construction and maintenance of the embankments. The summary initial environmental examination (SIEE) is attached in Appendix 9 of the RRP.

Involuntary Resettlement

By their very nature, floods force involuntary resettlement. The core purposes of the Project are to assist in the prevention of floods and in the advance preparation of households so they can cope more effectively in areas where floods do occur. Land acquisition and resettlement needs have been assessed in accordance with ADB's Involuntary Resettlement

Policy (1995), as well as Tajikistan's applicable laws and regulations. The nature and location of the proposed Project will not require any land acquisition and resettlement of households because the embankments to be rehabilitated and the temporary access roads will occupy about 10-15 ha of government land. Most of the construction activities will take place on the riverbank of Pyanj which is a depopulated border area. Therefore, no involuntary resettlement impacts are envisioned in relation to the flood embankments. At the feasibility study level, no land acquisition is expected. However, in case of an unforeseeable change of structure design, there is a possibility that unexpected land acquisition may arise. Therefore, a resettlement framework was prepared and agreed by the Government (Appendix 10 of the RRP). In case a small-scale land acquisition is required, an outline resettlement framework has been developed to ensure that communities will not be negatively affected.

Indigenous Peoples An assessment of the Project's impact on indigenous peoples was undertaken in accordance with ADB's Indigenous Peoples Policy (1998). According to the population census of 2000, 70% of the population of the project area is Tajik, 25% is Uzbek, and 5% is ethnic minorities (most are married to ethnic Tajiks). Generally, non-Tajik populations in southern Tajikistan speak fluent Tajik as well as their native languages. They enjoy the same rights as the Tajik majority, regularly intermarry with Tajik households, and are fully integrated into institutional, cultural, and economic processes. Consequently, they do not face discrimination. These groups are not sufficiently separate to justify classification as indigenous peoples. Therefore, all ethnic groups in the project area are equally positioned to benefit from the structural and nonstructural measures of the Project. No specific actions for ethnic minorities are envisioned for this project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A series of participatory stakeholder consultations were conducted with representatives of local government (chairpersons of district and jamoat leaders and their deputies), district emergency and civil defense authorities, heads of committees for affairs of women and children and social issues under districts, international partners (UNDP, OXFAM, JICA, ACTED, Mission East, DIPECHO, Focus), local NGOs and community based organizations, and the general population. The consultations addressed main social and economic problems of the area and possible mechanisms of community direct engagement to structural and non-structural flood management activities.

Stakeholder consultations were conducted at the district and community offices in Hamadoni. At these meetings the purpose and components of the project were presented along with the benefits and potential impacts. The agendas of the meetings covered the following: (i) environmental aspects of the flood management project; (ii) results and proposals of the feasibility study; (iii) community feedback on proposed structural and nonstructural measures; (iv) community willingness to contribute to the flood management project; and (v) establishment of community focus groups, enabling community representatives to have a regular dialogue with the project staff as a part of a long-term community engagement strategy.

In addition, several villages were visited and residents were informed about the proposed interventions and asked about their perceptions of the Project. The results of the consultations were positive. All the participants considered that the Project would result in beneficial agricultural, environmental and public health impacts and that there would be no adverse effects during the construction phase, as the project site will be away from their settlements, near the border area between Tajikistan and Afghanistan. They were informed that no land acquisition and resettlement of households would be required.

Extensive consultation with key individuals has taken place, including with experts of the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia, Kuhiston Foundation, the national focal point of the environmental impact assessment EIA Convention in Tajikistan, the head of the SCSNUP under the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection, the secretaries of pilot jamoats, Department of Labor for Hamadoni district, elders and villagers within the study area, experts from the Irrigation Rehabilitation Project, the PMO for the Irrigation Rehabilitation Project, Oxfam GB Kulyab, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the CES, Department of Environment and Protection, Deputy Chairman of Hamadoni district, and the Head of State Ecological Expertise (SCSNUP under MAEP).

Key individuals consulted in Afghanistan included representatives and experts from Kunduz province, Takhar district, Department of Water Management (Kunduz), Department of Agriculture (Kunduz), Project Coordination Unit and Emergency Irrigation Rehabilitation Program (PCU/EIRP), Aga Khan Development Network Foundation (AKDN), Baghlan, and the Kunduz River Basin Programme (KRBP).

During Project Implementation During project implementation, target district offices, jamoats under each target district, villages, and residents participated in flood preparedness, early warning activities in the form of trainings and workshops under the Project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The consultants will assist the executing agency in (i) Project Management, (ii) Legal and Institutional Arragnements, (iii) Establishment of DIsaster Management Authority, (iv) Strengthening of Embankment Maintenance Capacity, (v) Preparation of Flood Risk Map, (vi) Preparation of Emergency Plans, (vii) Strengthening of Hydro-meteorology Network, and (viii) Flood Warning System. The Project will provide 528 person-months of consulting services, to be provided by international (114 person-months) and national consultants (414 person-months). An international consulting firm will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The selection will be based on full technical proposal, using ADB's quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method.
Procurement The project will finance procurement of civil works, vehicles, materials and equipment as described in the procurement plan. Contracts valued in excess of $1 million will be procured through International Competitive Bidding (ICB). Contracts valued at less than $1 million may follow ICB, National Competitive Bidding (NCB), or Limited International Bidding (LIB) as determined by the particular circumstances of the contract package. Procurement under NCB mode will follow Government's legislation on state procurement, subject, however, to modifications and clarifications set forth in the loan agreement. Below $100,000 procurement may follow the Shopping procedure. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy will be included in all documents during bidding for, and implementation of, the Project.
Responsible ADB Officer Ryutaro Takaku
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Agency of Land Reclamation and Irrigation* Mr. R. Karimovflud.risk@tojikiston.com5/1 Shamci Street
Dushanbe, Tajikistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 11 May 2007
Fact Finding 21 May 2007 to 06 Jun 2007
MRM 10 Jul 2007
Approval 05 Oct 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 23 Jul 2007
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2014

Loan 2356-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Oct 2007 02 Nov 2007 04 Dec 2007 30 Jun 2014 - 15 Aug 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 28.49 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 22.00 05 Oct 2007 22.28 0.00 100%
Counterpart 6.49 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 05 Oct 2007 22.28 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project: Completion Report Project/Program Completion Reports Apr 2015
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Procurement Plans Jun 2013
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project/Program Administration Manual Jan 2008
Loan Agreement for Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project between Republic of Tajikistan and Asian Development Bank dated 2 November 2007 Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Nov 2007
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2007
Khatlon Province Flood Management Project Design and Monitoring Frameworks Jun 2007

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2012
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Resettlement Planning Documents Jul 2007

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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  • 25 Apr 2013 | Project Result / Case Study

    Tajikistan Flooding and Disaster Preparedness

    Tajikistan’s mountainous terrain and climatic extremes mean flooding is common but flood prevention infrastructure is helping provide a more secure base for rural livelihoods.
  • 07 Jun 2010 | Article

    Changing the Course of Emergencies

    The government, with help from ADB, is reducing vulnerability to floods in Tajikistan, which has suffered from a lack of levee maintenance in the years following independence. Hamadoni, Tajikistan - Five years ago, the swollen Pyanj River surged over a series of antiquated embankments in Tajikistan's fertile Hamadoni district, sweeping away everything that lay in its path. "The river turned into an avalanche of mud and water," recalls Gadoi Masayumov, who owns what was once a riverside restaurant in the town of Hamadoni.
  • 01 Aug 2013 | Video

    Flood Prevention Efforts in Tajikistan

    ADB's support for flood prevention in the south province of Khatlon brings relief to its flood weary residents.