Tajikistan: Preparing the Khatlon Province Flood Management Project

Sovereign Project | 40046-013 Status: Closed


ADB is supporting a flood risk management system for one of Tajikistan’s most flood-affected regions. The project will address recurring flood risks in four districts in Khatlon province. It will include upgrading the flood protection embankment along Pyanj River, developing a flood risk map and flood preparedness and evacuation plan, and improving flood warning systems and forecasting capacity.

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Project Name Preparing the Khatlon Province Flood Management Project
Project Number 40046-013
Country Tajikistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2356-TAJ: Preparing the Khatlon Province Flood Management Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 22.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural flood protection - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome Sustainable flood management systems are in place. Project has been completed and is expected to close by June 2014.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed. Water Code was amended in December 2009.

Institutional framework associated with amended Water Code was formulated and its operation and staff training are ongoing.

Targeted rehabilitation was completed. Additional rehabilitation works are almost completed. Only remaining rehabilitation works of damaged irrigation pipeline will be completed by April 2014.

All required equipment were procured and transferred to the subordinate organization of MLRWR located in Khatlon province.

Flood inundation areas have been identified with differenct flood return periods. Preliminary flood risk maps have been prepared.

Plans were completed in early 2010.

3 stations are functional.

6 river gauges are functional.

Flood forecasting model in real time mode for Yakhsu and Kizilsu Rivers was developed using MIKE 11 computer software and handed over to the State Agency for Hydrometeorology.

Flood warning triggers have been operational since November 2011.

This will be reviewed in 2013.

Feasibility study was completed in November 2009.

Geographical Location Hamadoni, Farkhor, Kulyab, and Vose district in Khatlon province.

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

An initial environmental examination (IEE) has been conducted in accordance with ADB's Environment Policy (2002) and Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003), as well as with Tajikistan's applicable laws and regulations. The Project is classified as category B. There will be no significant adverse long-term environmental impacts. The construction of the

embankments will have some local impacts on flow pattern and scouring but these effects will extend only a few meters into the river channel. As the system and braided river channels extend some 5-10 km toward Afghanistan, the wider effects will be insignificant and there will be no trans-boundary impacts. The socioeconomic and environmental benefits will be

considerable, in terms of improved security against floods. The project will generate employment opportunities during construction and maintenance of the embankments. The summary initial environmental examination (SIEE) is attached in Appendix 9 of the RRP.

Involuntary Resettlement

By their very nature, floods force involuntary resettlement. The core purposes of the Project are to assist in the prevention of floods and in the advance preparation of households so they can cope more effectively in areas where floods do occur. Land acquisition and resettlement needs have been assessed in accordance with ADB's Involuntary Resettlement

Policy (1995), as well as Tajikistan's applicable laws and regulations. The nature and location of the proposed Project will not require any land acquisition and resettlement of households because the embankments to be rehabilitated and the temporary access roads will occupy about 10-15 ha of government land. Most of the construction activities will take place on the riverbank of Pyanj which is a depopulated border area. Therefore, no involuntary resettlement impacts are envisioned in relation to the flood embankments. At the feasibility study level, no land acquisition is expected. However, in case of an unforeseeable change of structure design, there is a possibility that unexpected land acquisition may arise. Therefore, a resettlement framework was prepared and agreed by the Government (Appendix 10 of the RRP). In case a small-scale land acquisition is required, an outline resettlement framework has been developed to ensure that communities will not be negatively affected.

Indigenous Peoples An assessment of the Project's impact on indigenous peoples was undertaken in accordance with ADB's Indigenous Peoples Policy (1998). According to the population census of 2000, 70% of the population of the project area is Tajik, 25% is Uzbek, and 5% is ethnic minorities (most are married to ethnic Tajiks). Generally, non-Tajik populations in southern Tajikistan speak fluent Tajik as well as their native languages. They enjoy the same rights as the Tajik majority, regularly intermarry with Tajik households, and are fully integrated into institutional, cultural, and economic processes. Consequently, they do not face discrimination. These groups are not sufficiently separate to justify classification as indigenous peoples. Therefore, all ethnic groups in the project area are equally positioned to benefit from the structural and nonstructural measures of the Project. No specific actions for ethnic minorities are envisioned for this project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A series of participatory stakeholder consultations were conducted with representatives of local government (chairpersons of district and jamoat leaders and their deputies), district emergency and civil defense authorities, heads of committees for affairs of women and children and social issues under districts, international partners (UNDP, OXFAM, JICA, ACTED, Mission East, DIPECHO, Focus), local NGOs and community based organizations, and the general population. The consultations addressed main social and economic problems of the area and possible mechanisms of community direct engagement to structural and non-structural flood management activities.

Stakeholder consultations were conducted at the district and community offices in Hamadoni. At these meetings the purpose and components of the project were presented along with the benefits and potential impacts. The agendas of the meetings covered the following: (i) environmental aspects of the flood management project; (ii) results and proposals of the feasibility study; (iii) community feedback on proposed structural and nonstructural measures; (iv) community willingness to contribute to the flood management project; and (v) establishment of community focus groups, enabling community representatives to have a regular dialogue with the project staff as a part of a long-term community engagement strategy.

In addition, several villages were visited and residents were informed about the proposed interventions and asked about their perceptions of the Project. The results of the consultations were positive. All the participants considered that the Project would result in beneficial agricultural, environmental and public health impacts and that there would be no adverse effects during the construction phase, as the project site will be away from their settlements, near the border area between Tajikistan and Afghanistan. They were informed that no land acquisition and resettlement of households would be required.

Extensive consultation with key individuals has taken place, including with experts of the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia, Kuhiston Foundation, the national focal point of the environmental impact assessment EIA Convention in Tajikistan, the head of the SCSNUP under the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection, the secretaries of pilot jamoats, Department of Labor for Hamadoni district, elders and villagers within the study area, experts from the Irrigation Rehabilitation Project, the PMO for the Irrigation Rehabilitation Project, Oxfam GB Kulyab, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the CES, Department of Environment and Protection, Deputy Chairman of Hamadoni district, and the Head of State Ecological Expertise (SCSNUP under MAEP).

Key individuals consulted in Afghanistan included representatives and experts from Kunduz province, Takhar district, Department of Water Management (Kunduz), Department of Agriculture (Kunduz), Project Coordination Unit and Emergency Irrigation Rehabilitation Program (PCU/EIRP), Aga Khan Development Network Foundation (AKDN), Baghlan, and the Kunduz River Basin Programme (KRBP).

During Project Implementation During project implementation, target district offices, jamoats under each target district, villages, and residents participated in flood preparedness, early warning activities in the form of trainings and workshops under the Project.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The consultants will assist the executing agency in (i) Project Management, (ii) Legal and Institutional Arragnements, (iii) Establishment of DIsaster Management Authority, (iv) Strengthening of Embankment Maintenance Capacity, (v) Preparation of Flood Risk Map, (vi) Preparation of Emergency Plans, (vii) Strengthening of Hydro-meteorology Network, and (viii) Flood Warning System. The Project will provide 528 person-months of consulting services, to be provided by international (114 person-months) and national consultants (414 person-months). An international consulting firm will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The selection will be based on full technical proposal, using ADB's quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method.
Procurement The project will finance procurement of civil works, vehicles, materials and equipment as described in the procurement plan. Contracts valued in excess of $1 million will be procured through International Competitive Bidding (ICB). Contracts valued at less than $1 million may follow ICB, National Competitive Bidding (NCB), or Limited International Bidding (LIB) as determined by the particular circumstances of the contract package. Procurement under NCB mode will follow Government's legislation on state procurement, subject, however, to modifications and clarifications set forth in the loan agreement. Below $100,000 procurement may follow the Shopping procedure. The relevant sections of ADB's Anticorruption Policy will be included in all documents during bidding for, and implementation of, the Project.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Ryutaro Takaku
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Agency of Land Reclamation and Irrigation
* Mr. R. Karimov
5/1 Shamci Street


Concept Clearance 11 May 2007
Fact Finding 21 May 2007 to 06 Jun 2007
MRM 10 Jul 2007
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 23 Jul 2007
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2014

Loan 2356-TAJ

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Oct 2007 02 Nov 2007 04 Dec 2007 30 Jun 2014 - 15 Aug 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 28.49 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 22.00 05 Oct 2007 22.28 0.00 100%
Counterpart 6.49 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 05 Oct 2007 22.28 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project: Completion Report Project/Program Completion Reports Apr 2015
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Procurement Plans Jun 2013
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project/Program Administration Manual Jan 2008
Loan Agreement for Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project between Republic of Tajikistan and Asian Development Bank dated 2 November 2007 Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Nov 2007
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2007
Khatlon Province Flood Management Project Design and Monitoring Frameworks Jun 2007

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2012
Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Resettlement Planning Documents Jul 2007

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Tajikistan: Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Nov 2015

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

  • 25 Apr 2013 | Project Result / Case Study

    Tajikistan Flooding and Disaster Preparedness

    Tajikistan’s mountainous terrain and climatic extremes mean flooding is common but flood prevention infrastructure is helping provide a more secure base for rural livelihoods.
  • 07 Jun 2010 | Article

    Changing the Course of Emergencies

    The government, with help from ADB, is reducing vulnerability to floods in Tajikistan, which has suffered from a lack of levee maintenance in the years following independence. Hamadoni, Tajikistan - Five years ago, the swollen Pyanj River surged over a series of antiquated embankments in Tajikistan's fertile Hamadoni district, sweeping away everything that lay in its path. "The river turned into an avalanche of mud and water," recalls Gadoi Masayumov, who owns what was once a riverside restaurant in the town of Hamadoni.
  • 01 Aug 2013 | Video

    Flood Prevention Efforts in Tajikistan

    ADB's support for flood prevention in the south province of Khatlon brings relief to its flood weary residents.