Tajikistan: Community Participatory Flood Management

Sovereign Project | 40046-022

Summary

The grant impact is lowered risk of household losses due to flood damage and other disasters for poor households in flood-prone areas. The objective is to develop capacity to anticipate, protect against, prepare for, and cope with floods and other disasters in 130 flood-prone villages in Farkhor, Hamadoni, Vose, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province. The objective will be met in two ways: (i) supporting households to adapt a holistic system to systematically understand and assess hazards and risks of flood and other disasters, mitigate them, monitor risks, address floods and other disasters when they occur, and be prepared for recovery; and (ii) providing silvicultural flood protection via selective restoration of natural ecosystems to strengthen riverbank and household areas against floods, and provide additional income to households based on these resources.

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Project Name Community Participatory Flood Management
Project Number 40046-022
Country Tajikistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9126-TAJ: Community Participatory Flood Management
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 3.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Irrigation
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The grant impact is lowered risk of household losses due to flood damage and other disasters for poor households in flood-prone areas. The objective is to develop capacity to anticipate, protect against, prepare for, and cope with floods and other disasters in 130 flood-prone villages in Farkhor, Hamadoni, Vose, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province. The objective will be met in two ways: (i) supporting households to adapt a holistic system to systematically understand and assess hazards and risks of flood and other disasters, mitigate them, monitor risks, address floods and other disasters when they occur, and be prepared for recovery; and (ii) providing silvicultural flood protection via selective restoration of natural ecosystems to strengthen riverbank and household areas against floods, and provide additional income to households based on these resources.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), published in 2007, is the Government's coordinated framework for addressing poverty in Tajikistan, and for improving access to and raising the quality of services for the poor. Supporting communities to plan for and address floods and other disasters in the project areas will significantly reduce risks of loss, particularly for women and for poorer households. This provides protection for poor rural households who have no cushion to absorb risk, and improves public participation and partnerships with the government.

The project area incorporates the districts of Hamadoni, Vose, Pyandzh, Shuroabad, and Farkhor in the fertile flood plains adjacent to the Pyanj, Kizilsu and Yakhsu Rivers in Khatlon Province. Rural households in this area depend on cotton, livestock, and household plots for both subsistence and livelihood. According to poverty mapping data from the associated loan, the level of poverty in the project area is 79%, over 14% above the national average. Households headed by women are a particular challenge, as over 40% of men have left the area to find work in the Russian Federation. In late 2005, the average nominal monthly salary in the project districts was 52 somoni (about $15), lower than the average national level by 37%. In difficult crop years (such as 2008) poor households suffer badly.

In recent years the project districts have become increasingly vulnerable to floods because of insufficient embankment maintenance, as well as insufficient disaster preparedness in communities. When there are floods, poor households are deeply affected, losing homes, assets, livestock, essential papers, and even lives. In addition, agricultural crops are spoiled, and often agricultural land loses productivity and can even be lost. Health and social services are negatively affected. Recovery is slow, and dependence on relatives for support erodes the narrow cushions of other families. A major flood in 2005 in Hamadoni District caused losses worth an estimated $17.8 million.

The project emerged from recognition by rural households in the project area that they will continue to face regular and increasing risks of floods and other disasters, and must address these issues on a community basis to reduce potential losses. Rural households are 75.2% of the total population of 584,000 in the project area. They depend on cotton, livestock, and household vegetable plots for subsistence and livelihoods. According to preliminary poverty mapping data, the level of poverty in the project districts is 79%, 14% above the national average. A social survey was conducted as part of project preparation for the associated loan for the Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project, using focus groups, interviews, and questionnaires. The results show the high socioeconomic impact of flooding on poor households.

What is needed is a comprehensive package of substantive village-level awareness and mitigation of disaster risk and hazards measures, blended with effective monitoring and preparedness to address floods and other disasters, and coping mechanisms when disasters strike. Better understanding and systemic arrangements between villages, NGOs and local governments, the CES, and Ministry of Water Resources and Land Reclamation are also needed.

Impact The project's proposed impact is to reduce risk of potential flood damage due to river flow in Hamadoni by 99% and in Kulyab, Vose, and Farkhor by 25% by 2018.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Village capacity developed so villages are aware of, and can protect against, prepare for, and cope with floods and other disasters in 130 flood-prone villages in Hamadoni, Farkhor, Vose, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province.
Progress Toward Outcome The expected outcome has been fully achieved. According to latest monitoring data, 95% of villagers have increased knowledge about natural disasters and can respond when natural hazards impact target villages.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Established nongovernment organization system for community participatory disaster and flood awareness and mitigation, early warning and response, and recovery with partnered government certification system

Understanding of and participation in certified community participatory flood and disaster management system by residents in 130 risk-prone villages

Establishment of sustainable 2,630 ha silviculture flood protection area in Hamadoni

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

All activities had been completed and outputs had been successfully delivered by the project closure in August 2012.

Output 1. The nongovernmental organization system for community participatory disaster and flood awareness and mitigation, early warning and response, and recovery with partnered government certification system has been established. A total of 1162 VDPC members were established and fully trained, of which 302 were women. In total, 420 community-led projects were completed, and all 390 target communities were engaged in the risk-mitigation process.

Output 2. Residents in all 130 risk prone villages understand and have participated in the formation of and continue to participate in the evolution of community participatory flood and disaster management systems in each risk prone village. CoES and local government joint village disaster management plan certification systems were fully prepared and ready by October 2009. Every VDPC signed an agreement regarding disaster reduction plans with their respective village councils, jamoats and district governments, and CoES. All 130 villages have established VDPCs, and every village completed VDPPs.

Output 3. Sustainable silvicultural flood protection area has been established in Hamadoni. 390 community members were trained in habitat restoration, and a total of 119,040 trees were planted over four reforestation periods: November-December 2010; February-March 2011; November-December 2011; February-March 2012.

The project results are being currently reviewed by ADB.

Geographical Location Farkhor, Hamadoni, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project (TA 4811-TAJ) was categorized as Category B and an IEE prepared. One of its components originally assessed as part of the IEE studies has been removed from the scope of the loan project for separate funding under the JFPR grant. The JFPR grant has two components. Under Component A, NGOs will facilitate poor communities in flood prone areas to become proactive in reducing risks from floods and other disasters, and be ready to react to floods and other disasters when they occur. Component B enables villages close to the Hamadoni embankments to re-establish the natural Tugai vegetation and to utilize its ability to stabilize and consolidate the underlying sands and gravels and greatly reduce flood damage. Component A will have no environmental impacts as it involves community based training. Component B activities have been assessed as part of the IEE prepared for TA 4811-TAJ and found to have no significant environmental impacts, and will also provide significant environmental benefits to the project area. Overall, the JFPR project has been classified as Category B project.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project has no involuntary resettlement impacts.
Indigenous Peoples The Project is not expected to have impacts on Indigenous Peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Field interviews were conducted with district and jamoat leaders and with representatives of 15 communities during late May 2007 which confirmed that there is significant interest in establishing coherent, district strategies for village-based participatory flood management, and in supporting silvicultural flood protection work in village areas. Participatory stakeholder consultations were conducted with representatives of local government, district emergency and civil defense authorities, heads of committees for affairs of women and children and social issues under districts, international partners (United Nations Development Programme, Oxford Famine Relief, Japan International Development Agency, Mission East, the European Commission, Focus), local nongovernment organizations and community-based organizations, and the general population. The consultations addressed the main social and economic problems of the area and the possible mechanisms of community direct engagement in structural and other flood management activities.
During Project Implementation Under the JFPR grant, communities will be provided with information and then encouraged to take charge of the process and express their own views, opinions, and commitments for each step in the process. Under participatory disaster preparedness, Participatory rural appraisal work will focus villagers' attention on the risks. Villagers will make their own risk preparedness and evacuation plans and risk mitigation plans and they will decide how they wish to monitor for flood risk. Local knowledge and experience will be extensively used in this process. Training will take place in village areas using interactive tools to ensure understanding. A key aspect of the activities will be consultations between villagers, NGOs, the Committee for Emergency Situations, and local governments to reinforce understanding, agreement, and participation of all relevant stakeholders.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will require 321 person-months of consulting services (12 person-months of international consultants and 309 person-months of national consultants). Consultants will be recruited by ADB in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). ADB will recruit the JFPR coordinator as an individual national consultant. All other consultants will be recruited under a single quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) to a consortium of national and international NGOs with current field operations in the country.
Procurement All procurements under the JFPR grant will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Asel Chyngysheva
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Tajikistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Focus Humanitarian AssistanceMr. Hadi Husani, Chief of MissionTajikmatlubot 4th Floor, 137, Rudaki Ave 734000 Dushanbe, Tajikistan
Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentMs. Rano Mansurovadushanbe@acted.ord15, Rajabov Street, Dushanbe-Tajikistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Jul 2007
Fact Finding 21 May 2007 to 06 Jun 2007
MRM -
Approval 08 Sep 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 14 Apr 2009
Last PDS Update 03 Oct 2013

Grant 9126-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Sep 2008 22 Jan 2009 22 Jan 2009 31 Aug 2012 - 25 Jun 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.98 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 08 Sep 2008 0.00 2.75 92%
Counterpart 0.98 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.00 08 Sep 2008 0.00 2.75 92%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Community Participatory Flood Management Implementation Completion Memorandum Jan 2014
Community Participatory Flood Management Grant Implementation Manuals Jul 2009
Community Participatory Flood Management (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction) Grant Assistance Reports Aug 2008

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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