The grant impact is lowered risk of household losses due to flood damage and other disasters for poor households in flood-prone areas. The objective is to develop capacity to anticipate, protect against, prepare for, and cope with floods and other disasters in 130 flood-prone villages in Farkhor, Hamadoni, Vose, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province. The objective will be met in two ways: (i) supporting households to adapt a holistic system to systematically understand and assess hazards and risks of flood and other disasters, mitigate them, monitor risks, address floods and other disasters when they occur, and be prepared for recovery; and (ii) providing silvicultural flood protection via selective restoration of natural ecosystems to strengthen riverbank and household areas against floods, and provide additional income to households based on these resources.
|Project Name||Community Participatory Flood Management|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources / Irrigation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The grant impact is lowered risk of household losses due to flood damage and other disasters for poor households in flood-prone areas. The objective is to develop capacity to anticipate, protect against, prepare for, and cope with floods and other disasters in 130 flood-prone villages in Farkhor, Hamadoni, Vose, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province. The objective will be met in two ways: (i) supporting households to adapt a holistic system to systematically understand and assess hazards and risks of flood and other disasters, mitigate them, monitor risks, address floods and other disasters when they occur, and be prepared for recovery; and (ii) providing silvicultural flood protection via selective restoration of natural ecosystems to strengthen riverbank and household areas against floods, and provide additional income to households based on these resources.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), published in 2007, is the Government's coordinated framework for addressing poverty in Tajikistan, and for improving access to and raising the quality of services for the poor. Supporting communities to plan for and address floods and other disasters in the project areas will significantly reduce risks of loss, particularly for women and for poorer households. This provides protection for poor rural households who have no cushion to absorb risk, and improves public participation and partnerships with the government.
The project area incorporates the districts of Hamadoni, Vose, Pyandzh, Shuroabad, and Farkhor in the fertile flood plains adjacent to the Pyanj, Kizilsu and Yakhsu Rivers in Khatlon Province. Rural households in this area depend on cotton, livestock, and household plots for both subsistence and livelihood. According to poverty mapping data from the associated loan, the level of poverty in the project area is 79%, over 14% above the national average. Households headed by women are a particular challenge, as over 40% of men have left the area to find work in the Russian Federation. In late 2005, the average nominal monthly salary in the project districts was 52 somoni (about $15), lower than the average national level by 37%. In difficult crop years (such as 2008) poor households suffer badly.
In recent years the project districts have become increasingly vulnerable to floods because of insufficient embankment maintenance, as well as insufficient disaster preparedness in communities. When there are floods, poor households are deeply affected, losing homes, assets, livestock, essential papers, and even lives. In addition, agricultural crops are spoiled, and often agricultural land loses productivity and can even be lost. Health and social services are negatively affected. Recovery is slow, and dependence on relatives for support erodes the narrow cushions of other families. A major flood in 2005 in Hamadoni District caused losses worth an estimated $17.8 million.
The project emerged from recognition by rural households in the project area that they will continue to face regular and increasing risks of floods and other disasters, and must address these issues on a community basis to reduce potential losses. Rural households are 75.2% of the total population of 584,000 in the project area. They depend on cotton, livestock, and household vegetable plots for subsistence and livelihoods. According to preliminary poverty mapping data, the level of poverty in the project districts is 79%, 14% above the national average. A social survey was conducted as part of project preparation for the associated loan for the Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project, using focus groups, interviews, and questionnaires. The results show the high socioeconomic impact of flooding on poor households.
What is needed is a comprehensive package of substantive village-level awareness and mitigation of disaster risk and hazards measures, blended with effective monitoring and preparedness to address floods and other disasters, and coping mechanisms when disasters strike. Better understanding and systemic arrangements between villages, NGOs and local governments, the CES, and Ministry of Water Resources and Land Reclamation are also needed.
|Impact||The project's proposed impact is to reduce risk of potential flood damage due to river flow in Hamadoni by 99% and in Kulyab, Vose, and Farkhor by 25% by 2018.|
|Description of Outcome||Village capacity developed so villages are aware of, and can protect against, prepare for, and cope with floods and other disasters in 130 flood-prone villages in Hamadoni, Farkhor, Vose, Pyandzh, and Shuroabad districts of Khatlon province.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The expected outcome has been fully achieved. According to latest monitoring data, 95% of villagers have increased knowledge about natural disasters and can respond when natural hazards impact target villages.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Established nongovernment organization system for community participatory disaster and flood awareness and mitigation, early warning and response, and recovery with partnered government certification system
Understanding of and participation in certified community participatory flood and disaster management system by residents in 130 risk-prone villages
Establishment of sustainable 2,630 ha silviculture flood protection area in Hamadoni
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
All activities had been completed and outputs had been successfully delivered by the project closure in August 2012.
Output 1. The nongovernmental organization system for community participatory disaster and flood awareness and mitigation, early warning and response, and recovery with partnered government certification system has been established. A total of 1162 VDPC members were established and fully trained, of which 302 were women. In total, 420 community-led projects were completed, and all 390 target communities were engaged in the risk-mitigation process.
Output 2. Residents in all 130 risk prone villages understand and have participated in the formation of and continue to participate in the evolution of community participatory flood and disaster management systems in each risk prone village. CoES and local government joint village disaster management plan certification systems were fully prepared and ready by October 2009. Every VDPC signed an agreement regarding disaster reduction plans with their respective village councils, jamoats and district governments, and CoES. All 130 villages have established VDPCs, and every village completed VDPPs.
Output 3. Sustainable silvicultural flood protection area has been established in Hamadoni. 390 community members were trained in habitat restoration, and a total of 119,040 trees were planted over four reforestation periods: November-December 2010; February-March 2011; November-December 2011; February-March 2012.
The project results are being currently reviewed by ADB.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project (TA 4811-TAJ) was categorized as Category B and an IEE prepared. One of its components originally assessed as part of the IEE studies has been removed from the scope of the loan project for separate funding under the JFPR grant. The JFPR grant has two components. Under Component A, NGOs will facilitate poor communities in flood prone areas to become proactive in reducing risks from floods and other disasters, and be ready to react to floods and other disasters when they occur. Component B enables villages close to the Hamadoni embankments to re-establish the natural Tugai vegetation and to utilize its ability to stabilize and consolidate the underlying sands and gravels and greatly reduce flood damage. Component A will have no environmental impacts as it involves community based training. Component B activities have been assessed as part of the IEE prepared for TA 4811-TAJ and found to have no significant environmental impacts, and will also provide significant environmental benefits to the project area. Overall, the JFPR project has been classified as Category B project.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The Project has no involuntary resettlement impacts.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Project is not expected to have impacts on Indigenous Peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Field interviews were conducted with district and jamoat leaders and with representatives of 15 communities during late May 2007 which confirmed that there is significant interest in establishing coherent, district strategies for village-based participatory flood management, and in supporting silvicultural flood protection work in village areas. Participatory stakeholder consultations were conducted with representatives of local government, district emergency and civil defense authorities, heads of committees for affairs of women and children and social issues under districts, international partners (United Nations Development Programme, Oxford Famine Relief, Japan International Development Agency, Mission East, the European Commission, Focus), local nongovernment organizations and community-based organizations, and the general population. The consultations addressed the main social and economic problems of the area and the possible mechanisms of community direct engagement in structural and other flood management activities.|
|During Project Implementation||Under the JFPR grant, communities will be provided with information and then encouraged to take charge of the process and express their own views, opinions, and commitments for each step in the process. Under participatory disaster preparedness, Participatory rural appraisal work will focus villagers' attention on the risks. Villagers will make their own risk preparedness and evacuation plans and risk mitigation plans and they will decide how they wish to monitor for flood risk. Local knowledge and experience will be extensively used in this process. Training will take place in village areas using interactive tools to ensure understanding. A key aspect of the activities will be consultations between villagers, NGOs, the Committee for Emergency Situations, and local governments to reinforce understanding, agreement, and participation of all relevant stakeholders.|
|Consulting Services||The Project will require 321 person-months of consulting services (12 person-months of international consultants and 309 person-months of national consultants). Consultants will be recruited by ADB in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). ADB will recruit the JFPR coordinator as an individual national consultant. All other consultants will be recruited under a single quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) to a consortium of national and international NGOs with current field operations in the country.|
|Procurement||All procurements under the JFPR grant will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chyngysheva, Asel|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Tajikistan Resident Mission|
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
Ms. Rano Mansurova
15, Rajabov Street, Dushanbe-Tajikistan Focus Humanitarian Assistance
Mr. Hadi Husani, Chief of Mission
Tajikmatlubot 4th Floor, 137, Rudaki Ave 734000 Dushanbe, Tajikistan
|Concept Clearance||07 Jul 2007|
|Fact Finding||21 May 2007 to 06 Jun 2007|
|Approval||08 Sep 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||14 Apr 2009|
|Last PDS Update||03 Oct 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|08 Sep 2008||22 Jan 2009||22 Jan 2009||31 Aug 2012||-||25 Jun 2013|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||3.98||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||08 Sep 2008||0.00||2.75||92%|
|Cofinancing||3.00||08 Sep 2008||0.00||2.75||92%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Community Participatory Flood Management||Implementation Completion Memorandum||Jan 2014|
|Community Participatory Flood Management||Grant Implementation Manuals||Jul 2009|
|Community Participatory Flood Management (Financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction)||Grant Assistance Reports||Aug 2008|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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