ADB is supporting Viet Nam’s Ha Noi metro rail project, which will provide an integrated sustainable public transport system in five districts. The project will construct 12.5 kilometers of a double-track railway from Nhon to Ha Noi station. The new line is one of four priority metro lines planned for the capital's metropolitan area, which will ease traffic congestion and reduce emissions.
|Project Name||Ha Noi Metro Rail System Project (Line 3: Nhon-Ha Noi Station Section)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban public transport
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The Project will establish an integrated sustainable public transport system in six districts of Ha Noi by constructing 12.5 kilometers of a dual track rail metro line from Nhon to Ha Noi railway station. The Project will develop a new double track metro rail line in Ha Noi, which is one of four priority lines of a planned larger urban transportation system under the Ha Noi Urban Transport Master Plan (HUTMP). Metro line 3 will (i) facilitate public transport connectivity, (ii) greatly enhance access in six districts of Ha Noi, and (iii) be an an important integral part of an improved public transport system, which aims to achieve increased public modal share through low-carbon transport that reduces greenhouse gas emissions.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Government of Viet Nam is well aware of the impact of inadequate transport infrastructure on economic growth. Failure to invest in major public transport to support a major modal shift away from private transport in major cities will constrain economic growth and accelerate degradation of the urban environment. The government supports transport sector investment to promote economic growth and protect the enviornment through a low carbon growth path that reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The country partnership strategy 2012-2015 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) supports the government's investment program to improve urban transport infrastructure and reduce transportation costs.
Ha Noi is Viet Nam's capital and the second-largest city in Viet Nam; the population of the greater urban area is about 7.5 million (2015), and is expected to grow to more than 8 million by 2025. Private vehicles dominate transportation, with about 90% of transport modal share. Inadequate road infrastructure results in heavy congestion during peak hours, and this will worsen when motorbike riders switch to cars as their household incomes improve. While the road network is expanding slowly, the growth cannot meet the expected increase in demand, and most inner city areas face space limitations on road capacity expansion. Private transport is not sustainable as the principal transportation mode. A well-integrated high capacity pubilc urban transport system is essential to meet the demands of Ha Noi, and a metro rail system is the most appropriate solution for densely populated inner city areas. Without investment in major public transport infrastructure to support a significant modal shift to public transport, economic growth will be severely constrained and the urban enviorment will deteriorate due to high logistics costs and severe congestion. Ha Noi is at an early stage of adoption of private motorization, so investment in major public transport infrastructure represents an effective means to reduce future urban congestion.
|Impact||An integrated sustainable public transport system in five districts of Ha Noi|
|Description of Outcome||Competitive metro rail services along the project corridor|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Eight out of 9 civil works and equipment contracts have been awarded, and five are under execution. Some restructuring of the implementing agency is ongoing to make the management of project implementation more efficient. O&M company has been established and implementation of a communications strategy, which will promote the competiveness and image of the metro, is ongoing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Metro line 3 is operational
Improved implementation capacity of HRB
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Implementation of the Ha Noi Metro Line 3 project is delayed, with completion currently expected by early 2022. Design changes, contractual issues, the relocation of existing utility lines, and preparation and implementation of resettlement plans are the main issues that have contributed to the delays. Regarding improvements to implementation capacity of HRB (currently MRB), training program phase I commenced in May 2013, and completed in September 2015. Training program phase II is expected to commence in Q1 2018. As of September 2017, the Metro Line 3 remains under construction. All civil works contracts (5 packages) have been awarded and works ongoing. Three out of four equipment packages have been awarded and one package is under procurement. Four out of five consulting services packages have been awarded, and works are either ongoing or completed. The recruitment of the consultant for the second phase of project management support is ongoing, with shortlisting completed.
The current total estimated cost of the project is $1,375.7 million equivalent. Additional loans to top up up funds of the original loans for the project were approved in December 2014 by AFD ( 69.0 million) and DGT ( 85.0 million) and in August 2016 by EIB ( 70.0 million). ADB approved its additional financing of $114.8 million on 10 December 2015. The government has committed to providing additional counterpart funds to finance taxes and duties, utility removals, and land acquisition and resettlement (LAR).
|Geographical Location||Hoan Kiem, Hoan Kiem, Huyen Tu Liem, Minh Khai, Nhon, Thanh Pho Ha Noi, Xa Tay Tuu|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Project has been classified as environment category A in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) and an EIA has been prepared to meet the requirements of the SPS. The EIA provides a comprehensive assessment of potential adverse environmental impacts due to construction and operation of the Project. An environmental management plan (EMP) covering the depot, viaduct and tunnel sections of the Project has been prepared. The recommended environmental mitigation measures and monitoring activities cover the pre-construction, construction and operation stages of the project. Major issues that are addressed in the EMP pertain to spoils disposal and impacts on air quality and noise, traffic, landscape including trees, culturally significant sites and undiscovered archaeological relics, groundwater quality, as well as health and safety of workers and the public. It is also recognized that during excavation works, there is a possibility that some artifacts may be unearthed that could delay works in certain sections. The Project will result to positive long-term benefits in urban air quality, public health, safety, and travel time savings. No adverse residual effects to human health is expected to occur as a result of project construction or operation. The EMP specifies that the contractors shall develop and implement environmental management action plans in the form of specific management plans on dust and noise control, traffic management, spoils disposal, spill management, landscaping including trees relocation, occupational and community health and safety, and emergency response. The EMP clearly defines the institutional arrangements and responsibilities for its implementation and includes an environmental training program for MRB and its project implementation unit to develop their capacity on environmental management. Estimated costs for implementing mitigation measures, monitoring activities and environmental training component are included in the EMP. In compliance with the SPS requirements, the draft full EIA was posted on ADB's website to meet the 120-day disclosure requirement.|
The scope of land acquisition and resettlement impacts for the project consist of land required for the Line 3 (underground and elevated section), Nhon Depot, and access line to the Depot. A draft resettlement plan was prepared for the project in February 2011 consistent with the ADB Safeguards Policy Statement. Land acquisition for Nhon Depot Phase 1 was undertaken in advance of preparation of the draft resettlement plan for the project. Supplementary mitigation measures for households displaced from Depot Phase 1 were addressed under a supplementary assistance plan prepared in parallel with updating of the resettlement plans.
Two resettlement sites were prepared for resettlement needs of the depot and access line. An updated resettlement plan has been prepared, approved by ADB and disclosed on the ADB website in March 2014.
A resettlement plan for the elevated section (viaduct and above ground stations) was prepared by the District Peoples Committee and has been implemented from June 2012. A due diligence review of the government prepared resettlement plan and implementation was conducted and a corrective action plan (CAP) prepared to address any gaps with the agreed resettlement principles for the Project.
The vast majority of the underground section of the metro alignment will be constructed under existing roads. However, some resettlement due to the tunneling works, as well as land acquisition for the underground stations will be necessary. The Contractor is currently preparing its structural survey and tunnel construction impacts report and has submitted the initial draft of the report to ADB and MRB for further discussion and agreement of a time-based action plan for mitigating the impacts. The number of affected households and scope of impacts will be determined following conduct of the detailed measurement survey.
The updated resettlement plans are being implemented with full completion expected in 2018. An addendum to the resettlement plan for the underground section will be prepared following the final results of the contractor's detailed ground and structural investigations and detailed measurement surveys.
|Indigenous Peoples||No indigenous people's identified within the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||In compliance with ADB information and consultation requirements, several public consultations involving affected households and local officials in the project area were conducted during the preparation of the EIA. The results of these consultations are documented in the EIA while environmental concerns raised by the stakeholders are addressed in the EMP.|
|During Project Implementation||
Environment and social safeguard monitoring reports will be publicly disclosed on ADB website on a semi-annual basis. There is also a provision for a grievance redress mechanism based on existing legal provisions to facilitate resolution of complaints regarding environmental, resettlement and other impacts caused by the Project at no cost to the complainant and without retribution.
Stakeholders focus group discussions were initiated in Q3 2015. A communications strategy action plan will be implemented prior and during construction.
Under ADB financing: Contract Package CP3 - underground stations and tunnels: Civil works for about 4km length of underground twin tunnel urban rail line, including 4 underground stations.
Status: Procurement for construction of the underground section has been completed and the CP03 contract awarded in October 2015.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Fukayama, Takeshi|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Ha Noi People's Committee
79 Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hoam Kiem,
Ha Noi, Vietnam
|Concept Clearance||13 Apr 2010|
|Fact Finding||12 Jul 2010 to 23 Jul 2010|
|MRM||22 Feb 2011|
|Approval||10 Dec 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||03 Feb 2010|
|Last PDS Update||29 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 Mar 2011||13 Oct 2011||13 Mar 2012||30 Jun 2016||30 Jun 2018||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,429.80||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||293.00||29 Mar 2011||259.33||0.00||89%|
|Cofinancing||563.00||29 Mar 2011||27.02||0.00||9%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Loan No. 2741-VIE: Ha Noi Metro Rail System Project (Line 3: Nhon-Ha Noi Station Section)||Prequalified applicants||Archived||16 Aug 2013|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Ha Noi Metro Rail System Project (Line 3: Nhon-Ha Noi Station Section) - Additional Financing: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Oct 2015|
|Ha Noi Metro Rail System Project (Line 3: Nhon-Ha Noi Station Section): Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jan 2015|