Viet Nam: Strengthening Sustainable Urban Transport for Ha Noi Metro Line 3

Sovereign Project | 40080-024

Summary

The Project will develop an integrated public transport system in five districts of Ha Noi that will support effective utilization of Ha Noi metro Line 3 . Improved public transport will facilitate public transport connectivity and greatly enhance access in five districts of Ha Noi, as well as support the Ha Noi Urban Transport Master Plan (HUTMP) objective of increasing ridership on public transport to over 40% of demand and reducing dependency on vehicle ownership. The Project will support Ha Noi's climate change mitigation efforts in adopting a low carbon transport growth path, which is more energy efficient and lowers GHG emissions.

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Project Name Strengthening Sustainable Urban Transport for Ha Noi Metro Line 3
Project Number 40080-024
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3235-VIE: Strengthening Sustainable Urban Transport for Ha Noi Metro Line 3
Asian Development Fund US$ 4.20 million
Loan 8291-VIE: Strengthening Sustainable Urban Transport for Ha Noi Metro Line 3
ADB Clean Technology Fund US$ 48.95 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Transport - Transport policies and institutional development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Project will develop an integrated public transport system in five districts of Ha Noi that will support effective utilization of Ha Noi metro Line 3 . Improved public transport will facilitate public transport connectivity and greatly enhance access in five districts of Ha Noi, as well as support the Ha Noi Urban Transport Master Plan (HUTMP) objective of increasing ridership on public transport to over 40% of demand and reducing dependency on vehicle ownership. The Project will support Ha Noi's climate change mitigation efforts in adopting a low carbon transport growth path, which is more energy efficient and lowers GHG emissions.

The Project will provide infrastructure for improving accessibility to Metro Line 3 stations, implement feeder bus links, a public transport management system, integrated multi-modal stations with "park and ride" facilities, as well as a comprehensive parking plan for the city. The project components, public transport services and other facilities will be designed to incorporate gender sensitive features that will complement similar measures under the Metro Line 3 project. In addition, any policy and regulatory measures developed will be fully inclusive. The proposed project management and institutional capacity building measures for Metro line 3, together with expected policy and regulatory reforms, will also help achieve an improved public transport system and reduce GHG emissions. ADB proposes concurrent assistance to develop sustainable urban transport in Ho Chi Minh City for mass rapid transit line 2, and both projects' preparation and implementation will be closely coordinated, including between respective city governments.

The Project outputs will be: (i) improved accessibility features in and around metro stations; (ii) integrated and innovative public transport services and measures connecting to metro stations; and (iii) support for transformational policies and regulatory measures to encourage modal shift to public transportation modes. Measures related to the bus system will be closely coordinated with ongoing institutional reform and system improvements.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Ha Noi is at an early stage of transport urbanization, having moved from heavy usage of bicycles to motorcycles in the last 10 years and now increasingly cars. Private vehicles dominate urban transportation, with motorcycles being the most prevalent means at about 80% share. Continued increasing car ownership, together with significant increase in number of motorcycles, has resulted in severe congestion during peak hours with poor urban environment and road safety. The situation is expected to worsen if current transport growth trend of 9% continues and more motorbike owners convert to cars . The existing public transport system consists of a poor and badly integrated bus network that is not really competitive with private transport modes, although under an ongoing World Bank loan is expected to improve the bus system by 2016. Traffic planning and parking management is weak and inadequate to effectively control traffic and demand. Importantly, there is no policy and regulatory measures to discourage private transport modes and the inadequate public transport system cannot attract people using private vehicles.

Ha Noi People's Committee (HPC) has plans to invest in mass transit system, with four metro lines under phase 1 development. Construction of phase 1 for Metro Line 3 is financed by ADB, Agence Francaise de D veloppement (AFD), European Investment Bank and Direction Generale du Tresor, with works commenced in October 2010 and the expecting to be operating in 2016. The three other metro lines are expected to be completed by 2020. However there is a need to carefully design complementary measures to ensure the emergence of an integrated public transport system that is attractive, accessible and affordable and build upon other small scale technical assistance provided by AFD and French city-to-city cooperation program to improve public transport. The Project will directly support integration of Metro Line 3 as part of a multimodal, environmental friendly transport system to attract passengers to urban public transport services to promote inclusive low carbon transport thus reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and environmental pollution.

Impact Enhanced public transport system serving six districts of Ha Noi.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved integration of metro line 3 stations with other modes of public transport
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Metro Line 3 station access improved

Public transport system improved

Public transport policy developed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The project is assessed as category B for environment.

The draft initial environmental examination, which has been prepared based on ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, has been reviewed by ADB and is being revised. The approved initial environmental examination will be disclosed on the ADB website upon receipt from Hanoi People's Committee.

No natural ecosystems exist in the project area, which is heavily populated. Land use is predominantly commercial or residential. The project will not involve major civil works and is not likely to result to significant adverse environmental impacts during construction and operation. Public consultations with affected people were conducted during preparation of the initial environmental examination, in compliance with ADB's information disclosure and consultation requirements. Department of Transport will ensure that the environmental management plan is included in all bid documents.

Involuntary Resettlement

The project is assessed as category C for involuntary resettlement.

With respect to involuntary resettlement, land will be provided unencumbered to the project adjoining Ngoc Khanh station in 2018. This land is to be acquired under the ADB financed Metro Line 3 project in full compliance with ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) to be used as a construction work area by a contractor under the aforementioned project.

Resettlement due diligence of the proposed project sites has indicated there will be no other involuntary resettlement impacts

Indigenous Peoples The project is assessed as Category C for indigenous peoples safeguards.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

During the PPTA at each district extensive consultations were conducted with stakeholders, including key informant interviews and focus group discussions with disability groups and student. There were several key stakeholder consultations with members of the Disabled Community who strongly endorsed the Metro Project for its members. A round table was held with the disabled community and the engineers from the PPTA team noted all the engineering concerns raised.

A communication and participation plan will be prepared for the project to ensure that stakeholders' views will be taken in to consideration in the project detailed design to promote universal access features and usability. Training for transport providers will be carried out in the future project to improve their awareness of disability and the other issues related to the safety and security. IEC materials such as posters and pocket guidelines will be developed for the training courses as well as for transport users in the project area. Consultation and modification of awareness training materials will be done during the next phase of the project.

During Project Implementation TBD
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services International and local consulting services to support design, supervision and project management, as well as to undertake bus management and urban transport policy studies
Procurement civil works and equipment related to public transport facilities and services
Responsible ADB Officer Daisuke Mizusawa
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ha Noi People's Committee79 Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hoam Kiem,
Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 18 Oct 2011
Fact Finding 22 Apr 2014 to 05 May 2014
MRM 15 Aug 2014
Approval 12 Dec 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 04 Mar 2015

Loan 3235-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2014 09 Feb 2015 09 Jul 2015 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 4.20 12 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 5.80 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 12 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 8291-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2014 09 Feb 2015 09 Jul 2015 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 48.95 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 12 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 48.95 12 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Safeguard Documents

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No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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