Regional: Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Project (CAM)

Sovereign Project | 40190-013 Status: Approved


ADB is helping Cambodia strengthen disaster risk management and raise the ability of vulnerable communities to cope with floods and droughts. The project will upgrade irrigation systems and other infrastructure, enhance the national flood forecasting center, and provide training and support to farmers for community-based disaster risk management and climate change adaptation.

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Consulting Notices

See also: CMS

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Procurement Notices

See also: Operational Procurement

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Project (CAM)
Project Number 40190-013
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0330-REG: Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation (CAM)
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 5.80 million
Loan 2970-REG: Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation (CAM)
Asian Development Fund US$ 35.00 million
Loan 8262-REG: Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation (CAM)
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 4.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation - Rural flood protection

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will support the Government of Cambodia as it undertakes structural and nonstructural measures to prepare for and manage disaster risks linked to floods and droughts. Project interventions will (i) enhance the regional data, information, and knowledge base for the management of floods and droughts; (ii) upgrade or develop water management infrastructure; and (iii) prepare communities to manage disasters such as floods and droughts, and adapt to climate change. Improved drought management and irrigation water structures in Cambodia will benefit farmers on about 16,000 hectares (ha) of agricultural lands, and at least 10,000 people will benefit from improved flood management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Mekong River is a major influence on the lives of the people in Cambodia. Annual floods are a source of livelihood and sustenance, but extreme flood events and droughts cause widespread hardship. The costs to the countries of the Lower Mekong basin (LMB), in terms of loss of life and damage to infrastructure by floods and economic losses from both flood and drought events are significant. In Cambodia, between 1987 and 2007, 15 flood events resulted in over 1,150 deaths, disrupted the lives of over nine million persons, and when combined with losses from five drought events, caused over $465 million in damage to structures and crops. Although the annual average losses are relatively low, floods and drought events cause episodic losses as illustrated by Typhoon Ketsana in September 2009 which resulted in $132 million losses in Cambodia. Flood damage and associated losses were estimated to range from 0.30 to 0.45% of gross domestic product in 2009 in the lower Mekong basin countries.

There is a growing need for improved community preparedness to manage increasingly frequent and severe climatic extremes. Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency of extreme flood events. While drought events do not result directly in deaths or structural damage, the disruption to lives and livelihoods, and the economic loss of agricultural production is substantial and limits the ability of rural communities to avoid poverty. These weather extremes illustrate the growing need for improving community preparedness to manage increasingly frequent disaster risks. Updating of infrastructure design standards will contribute to reducing the risks in Cambodia.

While many of the nonstructural problems of data, warning systems and coordination of agencies are generic to LMB countries, problems related to physical structures, including canals, drains, control structures, are site specific. Flood and drought risk management as well as building communities' resilience are identified as priorities in the national strategic development plans, sector strategies and national climate change adaptation plans.

The proposed investment is one of the flagship programs of the 2002 Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Economic Cooperation Program Strategic Framework. Country agriculture and natural resources (ANR) sector assessments have confirmed drought and flood (extreme weather) events as key constraints to economies of the project countries and as contributing factors to persistent poverty in areas affected. Consequently, the proposed Project has two foci: (i) subregional activities to strengthen regional cooperation and integration (RCI) with regard to water resources management in general and flood/drought management in particular, and (ii) in country investments which combine structural and non-structural investments. Together, these will address the key subsector constraint of insufficient disaster preparedness of countries and communities to manage and mitigate the potential impacts of climate extremes.

Impact Reduced economic losses resulting from flood and droughts
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved capacity and preparedness to manage and mitigate the impacts of flood and drought events
Progress Toward Outcome The Project was declared effective on 23 June 2014. The first advances to the imprest accounts were disbursed in December 2014. The project implementation consultants mobilized in May 2015 while the detailed design/construction supervision and community-based disaster risk management support consultants mobilized in September 2015. Recruitment of the consultants for the support of the National Flood Forecasting Center is ongoing. Procurement of vehicles and office equipment is one.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Regional coordination for management of flood and drought events strengthened

2. Water management infrastructure upgraded

3. Capacity for community based F&D management enhanced

4. Effective project implementation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1- Recruitment of consultants to support the National Flood Forecasting Center is ongoing. Activities are expected to start after their mobilization in Q4 2015.

2- The detailed design and construction supervision consultants mobilized on 1 September 2015. Additional topographical survey will be conducted to start the detailed design. Final engineering design will be completed by June 2016 and construction is estimated to commence in 2017.

3- The CBDRM consultants mobilized on 9 September 2015. Field visits are being conducted to begin the preparation of activties

4- The Inception Mission agreed on a revised project implementation plan and Procurement Plan to ensure completion as scheduled.

Geographical Location Regional
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects All identified adverse impacts resulting from the location, design, construction, and operation of the water management infrastructure are expected to be small to moderate and can be mitigated. Further updating of the environmental management plan will be undertaken before the commencement of site-specific construction activities.
Involuntary Resettlement About 792 households (3,960 people) will be affected, including about 384 households (1,920 people) severely affected by potentially losing more than 10% of their productive land and/or productive assets. The total land take is estimated at 277.51 ha. A resettlement plan has been endorsed by the government and disclosed on ADB's website. The government has shown a commitment to managing social risks, but institutional capacity building is still necessary and is included in the project.
Indigenous Peoples No indigenous people maintaining distinct cultural identities or separate cultural traditions were found to reside in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultations were conducted during the Project preparation, including during resettlement plan preparations and socio economic surveys in all areas covered by the Project District governments and officials of the communes, representatives of Women's Unions, Youth Organizations and potential affected people participated in various consultations. Focus group discussions with women were also conducted. Project Information Booklets written in the local languages were distributed and explained to the participants during those meetings. During inventory of losses the potential Affected Peoples were consulted on their initial preferences for resettlement and informed of the compensation and entitlement.
During Project Implementation

Consultation and participatory design of interventions and processes will commence starting from the preparation and implementation of land acquisition and resettlement plans towards the technical design and implementation of subprojects, in collaboration with displaced persons and stakeholders. Consultation will also be conducted during the process of updating the resettlement planning documents and participatory monitoring tools will be used throughout the project period.

Community based disaster risk management actions will be supported in parallel to each infrastrucuture investment to ensure maximum ownership and understanding of the investments in each community. Careful communications and participatory approaches will be used extensively to facilitate the develop of the capacity of each community to prepare for and recover from flood and drought events, and to manage the sustainable operation and maintenance of the infrastruture developed through the proiect.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants and nongovernment organizations (NGO) to be financed by the ADB loan will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The project implementation consultants will assist the CPMU with project implementation support, such as, (i) build the capacity of CPMU and PIUs in project management, procurement, and financial management; (ii) assist in updating the resettlement plan and environmental management plans based on the approved detailed engineering design; and (iii) assist in monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
Procurement Procurement of civil works packages and goods and services following international competitive bidding and national competitive bidding procedures will be carried out by the CPMU. The EA will undertake procurement following ADB Procurement Guidelines.
Responsible ADB Officer Raza Mahmood Farrukh
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology
He Ponh Sachak
47 Norodom Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Concept Clearance 05 May 2011
Fact Finding 28 Mar 2011 to 31 May 2011
MRM 06 Jul 2012
Approval 12 Dec 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Sep 2015

Grant 0330-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2012 17 Jan 2013 23 Jun 2014 30 Sep 2019 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 8.75 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 12 Dec 2012 0.00 3.07 53%
Counterpart 2.95 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 5.80 12 Dec 2012 0.00 0.62 11%

Loan 2970-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2012 17 Jan 2013 23 Jun 2014 30 Sep 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 35.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 35.00 12 Dec 2012 2.79 0.00 9%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 12 Dec 2012 0.96 0.00 3%

Loan 8262-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2012 17 Jan 2013 23 Jun 2014 30 Sep 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 4.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 12 Dec 2012 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 4.00 12 Dec 2012 0.00 0.00 0%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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