40190-023: Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Project (LAO/VIE)

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details


Description

The impact of the Project will be reduced economic losses resulting from floods and droughts. The outcome will be improved capacities and preparedness to manage and mitigate the impacts of flood and drought events. The Project will have four key outputs: (i) Enhanced regional data, information, and knowledge base for the management of floods and droughts; (ii) Upgraded water management infrastructure; (iii) Enhanced capacity for community-based disaster risk management; and (iv) Effective project implementation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Mekong River stretches through the People s Republic of China, Myanmar, the Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia, and Viet Nam with a total land area of 795,000 square kilometers (km2). The Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) is home to about 60 million people in Cambodia, the Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The Mekong River stands apart because of the large fluctuations in seasonal discharge very low flows in the dry season yet extensive flooding in the wet season. River flow is largely unaffected by water control structures and follows the seasonal hydrological cycle. Countries in the LMB have varying levels of capacity to prepare for and manage flood- and drought-related disasters. Actions are mostly reactive, rather than proactive, and are uncoordinated. Better flood and drought disaster preparedness requires (i) knowledge availability and sharing of potential changes to the spatial and temporal distribution of climate and hydrological variables over the basin as a whole; (ii) capacity for timely flood and drought forecasting and dissemination of warnings to communities at risk; (iii) engagement of at-risk communities in the identification, analysis, treatment, monitoring, and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their coping capacities; and (iv) improved condition of water control infrastructure. The project is aligned with the relevant policies, strategies, and programs such as the following: (i) Lao PDR: Disaster Management Action Frameworks, 2003 2020; and the (ii) Viet Nam: National Strategy for Natural Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation approved by the Prime Minister in 2007 (Decision No. 172/2007), National Targeted Program to Respond to Climate Change, Strategic Direction of Water Resources Development (to 2020 and toward 2050), the Mekong Delta Master Plan. The project is aligned with ADB s Water Operational Plan, 2011 2020, which identifies flood and drought mitigation (as part of disaster risk management) as one of the two urgent challenges to be addressed in the integrated water resource management process. The project is also aligned with the ADB s Disaster and Emergency Assistance Policy (2004) as it will support the governments and local communities to identify and manage risks from natural hazards.

Impact

Reduced economic losses resulting from flood and drought

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Improved capacity and preparedness to manage and mitigate the impacts of flood and drought events

Progress Towards Outcome

Preparation of resettlement planshave commenced in VIE, a draft detailed engineering design has been completed for the provinces and is being reviewed by the project implementation consultants. In LAO terms of reference of the consultants are being finalized for NEWC, CBDRM and Design and construction supervision packages

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Enhanced regional data, information, and knowledge base for the management of floods and droughts Upgraded water management infrastructure Enhanced capacity for CBDRM Effective project implementation

Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress

LAO: The recruitment of the consutlants for NEWC, CBDRM and Design and Construction SUprvision is in process. THe consultants are expected to mobilize in Q1-Q2 2015. After that the activities related to these outputs will be initiated. VIE. Detailed design is complete and is being reviewed by the PIC subsequently the procurement of works contracts will be initiated. For other outputs recruitment of consultants is in process. The Project Implementation consultants for LAO mobilized in December 2013 and for VIE commenced in May 2014. The advances have been disbursed to the imprest accounts. The withdrawal applications for replensihment for the Lao Project are being processed by ADB. The withdrawal applications for replenishment for the VIE Project are being prepared by the EA The Project is still in its early stage of implementation.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement: A
Indigenous Peoples: C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspect
All identified adverse impacts resulting from the location, design, construction, and operation of the water management infrastructure are expected to be small to moderate and can be mitigated by adoption of specific measures. Special environment-related assurances are prepared to mitigate any project impact on adjacent wetlands. Further updating of the environmental management plans for individual subprojects will be undertaken prior to the commencement of site-specific construction activities.

Involuntary Resettlement
It is initially estimated that about 1,814 households (11,065 people) will be affected by the project, including 1,537 households (9,222 people) in Viet Nam and 277 households (1,843 people) in the Lao PDR. In both countries, severely affected households are estimated at about 248 households (1,221 people), potentially losing more than 10% of their productive land and/or assets. The total land take is estimated at 75 hectares. Six resettlement plans, one for each subproject, have been prepared (two in the Lao PDR and four in Viet Nam).

Indigenous Peoples
No indigenous people maintaining distinct cultural identities or separate cultural traditions was found to reside in the project areas.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
Consultation with key stakeholders were conducted during project design.



Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

Timetable

Concept Clearance
07 Mar 2011

Fact-finding
31 Mar 2011 to 08 Apr 2011

Management Review Meeting
06 Jul 2012

Board Approval
06 Nov 2012

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