Viet Nam: Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project

Sovereign Project | 40239-013 Status: Approved

Summary

ADB is helping Viet Nam provide farmers with reliable irrigation services to boost yields, rural income, and food security in Thanh Hoa province. The project will build and upgrade about 58 kilometers of main canals and lower order canal distribution systems to supply existing pumped irrigation schemes, which draw water from the Chu and Ma rivers. It will also improve management of irrigation systems.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

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Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project
Project Number 40239-013
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2828-VIE: Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 110.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project is part of a wider government investment to deliver water from the Cua Dat reservoir to the command area. It will finance the construction and upgrading of about 58 km of main canals (the north and south main canals of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System--NCSMRIS) and lower order canal distribution systems to supply existing pumped irrigation schemes which presently draw water from the Chu and Ma rivers. It will also to develop presently rainfed areas to serve an irrigation service area of about 23,900 hectares. The project will support capacity building of the irrigation management companies and water user associations to improve operation and management (O&M) of the irrigation system, and provide extension services to farmers. The project will benefit about 120,000 farm families. The government has agreed to comply with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement for the whole investment program to strengthen the application of social and environmental safeguard procedures.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System (NCSMRIS) will provide farmers with reliable irrigation services, increasing agricultural productivity and the incomes of the rural poor, to enhance food security within the irrigation command area. Situated within Thanh Hoa Province in North Central Vietnam, the NCSMISP command area is presently served by one large and many small pumped schemes, drawing water from the Chu and Ma Rivers. With the recent completion of the Cua Dat reservoir and multi-purpose project, these pumped schemes will be converted to gravity irrigation supplied from the reservoir. The government's investment program, of which the project is part, will develop new main and distribution canals rehabilitate existing irrigation and drainage facilities, improve water management, enhance operation and maintenance (O&M), and mitigate the effects of climate change. The government's NCSMRIS investment program covers an overall service area of 31,100 ha.
Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome NCSMRIS provides effective and timely irrigation services
Progress Toward Outcome Project implementation ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved water resources management, delivery of irrigation services and irrigation system O&M

2. Improved irrigation infrastructure

3. Improved access to and use of rural support services, agricultural inputs and information

4. Effective project management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

All civil works packages to be procured through international competitive bidding (ICB) and national competitive bidding (NCB) methods have been awarded as of December 2015 except NCB packages B.1.5 and B.1.7 which are ongoing.

Civil works construction of three primary canals in the South Main Canal have started following ADB approval of the updated Environmental Management Plan and Independent Resettlement Monitoring Report.

Procurement of laboratory equipment for improved rural development support (establishment of drip irrigation systems, implementation of the ethnic minority development plan and gender action plan) have started; reforestation of project-affected areas will commence by Q2 2016.

Major consulting packages have been awarded. Recruitment of other consultants for the rural development support is in progress.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples A

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects Principal issues identified in the initial environmental examination were the scale of land acquisition and displacement of affected households for main canal infrastructure, and the need to relocate about 157 graves. Inter-commune and district roads will be severed, requiring new bridges, and some 46 ha of forest land will cleared and an equivalent area of forest will be established within the vicinity. During construction, air and water pollution, soil erosion, and traffic congestion will need to be managed through strict control of construction contracts; the health and safety of construction workers and the community must also be addressed. Post-construction impacts include potential increases in agricultural waste, fertilizer, and pesticide residues. The Cua Dat reservoir will implement operational rules to ensure that minimum water flows are maintained to address salinity concerns within the river delta while ensuring adequate irrigation water supplies. An environmental management plan has been prepared for the NCSMRIS investment program to mitigate and monitor these potential impacts.
Involuntary Resettlement

The government has prepared (i) a resettlement framework for the entire NCSMRIS investment, (ii) a resettlement plan for the government-financed main canal, and (iii) a resettlement plan for the north and south main canal construction, which have been approved by government, endorsed by ADB and posted on the ADB website. Loan-financed consultants will prepare resettlement plans for the remaining works (such as lower-order canals) in accordance with the resettlement framework upon completion of detailed designs. ADB will finance resettlement allowances for the project, and the government has agreed to finance all remaining land acquisition and resettlement costs. District-level resettlement units have been established by the provincial people's committee to undertake resettlement work, as described in the resettlement framework. The project will engage an independent resettlement monitor. A due diligence study of resettlement activities on the main canal (initiated in December 2010) has been prepared and the government has agreed with the corrective action plan.

Under the NCSMRIS investment program, a total of approximately 5,218 households will be affected as a result of land acquisition or resettlement associated with construction of the main, north main, south main, and lower-order canals, based on social surveys and initial

engineering designs. Of these, 1,343 households are considered vulnerable (about 381 are headed by women), and 3,043 households are considered severely affected, losing more than 10% of their total landholding, and 439 are ethnic minority households.

Within the project area (phase 2 of the NCSMRIS investment program), approximately 3,856 households will be affected, including 945 vulnerable and 2,426 severely affected households.

Indigenous Peoples The project directly and indirectly affects the customary rights of use, access to land and natural resources, and livelihood systems of ethnic people in project communes. Of the 119,495 households benefited by the project, 11,448 households comprise Thai and Muong ethnic minorities. There is broad ethnic minority community support for the project, as documented in meetings with communities during project preparation. An indigenous peoples plan (locally termed an ethnic peoples development plan) has been prepared covering the entire NCSMRIS investment program to address ethnic minority impacts of the investments.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders participated in the investment program preparation, including: (i) public consultation workshops to present/discuss development issues, project identification/priority criteria, feasibility study recommendations; (ii) focus group discussions; (iii) meetings with government officials (central and provincial and district levels); and (iv) questionnaire-based surveys.
During Project Implementation The updated public information brochure (PIB) has been distributed to AHs. AHs were consulted on the updated compensation in the updated resettlement plans. Income generation strategy for severely affected households and relocation options will also be discussed with AHs and local authorities during the public consultations meetings.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

Quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method is applied for selecting and engaging consultants for project management, and construction supervision and policy, training, and capacity buidling preparation and implementation.

Other selection methods applied are: (i) consultant qualification selection (CQS); (ii) individual consultant selection (ICS); (iii) fixed budget selection (FBS); and (iv) least cost selection.

Procurement The ceiling for NCB for civil works is at $5 million, although NCB packages larger than $2 million will require pre-award review by ADB. The limit for NCB for goods and services will be $500,000. ICB will be the preferred contracting arrangement for new canal construction, with optimal packages sized to attract suitably qualified bidders and to facilitate contract management and project supervision. NCB will be used for rehabilitation works.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Hideki Matsuda
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
VAN_CPO@YAHOO.COM.VN
Central Project Office_(CPO)
23 Hang Tre St.
Hanoi, Viet Nam

Timetable

Concept Clearance 07 Jul 2011
Fact Finding 07 Jul 2011 to 22 Jul 2011
MRM 18 Oct 2011
Approval 12 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

Loan 2828-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2011 09 Mar 2012 10 Jul 2012 31 Dec 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 143.05 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 110.00 12 Dec 2011 73.52 0.00 74%
Counterpart 33.05 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 12 Dec 2011 50.46 0.00 51%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Development of Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Branch Canal System of North Main Canal - Resettlement and Ethnic Minorities Development Plan Combined Resettlement Plan and Indigenous Peoples Plans Sep 2015
Development of Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Branch Canal System of South Main Canal - Resettlement and Ethnic Minorities Development Plan Combined Resettlement Plan and Indigenous Peoples Plans Sep 2015
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Main Canal (Km 5 to Km 16.5) - Resettlement and Ethnic Minorities Development Plan Combined Resettlement Plan and Indigenous Peoples Plans Mar 2015
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Ethnic Minority Corrective Action Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jan 2015
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Resettlement Monitoring Report (November 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Resettlement and Ethnic Minority Development Plan Combined Resettlement Plan and Indigenous Peoples Plans Aug 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-September 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Social Monitoring Report (April-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Mar 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-March 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2014
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Ethnic Minority Development Plan 1 Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Dec 2013
Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: North and South Main Canals Resettlement Plans Nov 2013
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation Project Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Oct 2011
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Indigenous Peoples Plan (as of Board approval) Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Oct 2011
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Resettlement Plans (as of Board approval) Resettlement Plans Sep 2011
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Resettlement Framework (as of Board approval) Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2011
Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System (Main Canal) Resettlement Plans Aug 2011
Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2011
Development of the Northern Chu and Southern Ma Rivers Irrigation System Project: Initial Environment Examination (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Jul 2011

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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