Armenia is a mountainous landlocked country located in the southern Caucasus. It has a land area of approximately 28,700 square kilometers and shares land borders with Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Turkey. Based on National State Statistics Association estimates, the population was about 3.22 million in 2006 of which about 64% lives in urban areas and the remainder in rural villages. About half the urban population lives in Yerevan, the capital city. The population is forecast to grow at 0.3% per annum through 2015. For administrative purposes, Armenia is divided into 10 marzes (provinces) that are subdivided into districts, and consist of towns and villages. The proportion of the population living in poverty was 29.8% in 2005. Most of the country's poor lives in regional towns where the incidence of poverty is about 38%.
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