Viet Nam: Secondary Education Sector Development Program (Program Loan)

Sovereign Project | 40347-013

Summary

The Secondary Education Sector Development Program (SESDP) will be the first education sector development program in Viet Nam. It will comprise a program loan for policy reforms and an accompanying investment loan for addressing three key constraints on secondary education: sector management and accountability, quality and relevance, and access and equity. The Program is anchored in the Government's reforms in secondary education. The SESDP is aimed at improving the average learning outcome among secondary students through three outputs: effective and accountable management of secondary education, improvements in quality for international competitiveness, and better access and equity for disadvantaged groups.

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Procurement Documents

Title Document Date
Secondary Education Sector Development Program Jan 2014

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Project Name Secondary Education Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
Project Number 40347-013
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2582-VIE: Secondary Education Sector Development Program (Program Loan)
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan 2583-VIE: Secondary Education Sector Development Program (Project Loan)
Asian Development Fund US$ 40.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Education sector development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Secondary Education Sector Development Program (SESDP) will be the first education sector development program in Viet Nam. It will comprise a program loan for policy reforms and an accompanying investment loan for addressing three key constraints on secondary education: sector management and accountability, quality and relevance, and access and equity. The Program is anchored in the Government's reforms in secondary education. The SESDP is aimed at improving the average learning outcome among secondary students through three outputs: effective and accountable management of secondary education, improvements in quality for international competitiveness, and better access and equity for disadvantaged groups. The SESDP will comprise the following activities: (i) updating the Secondary Education Sector Master Plan 2011 2015, (ii) developing new national standards for secondary schools, (iii) establishing a national accreditation board for secondary schools, (iv) introducing a new human resource management strategy for secondary teachers, (v) issuing certificates to secondary teachers, (vi) introducing a new learning assessment system, (vii) participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and

Development, (viii) upgrading the curriculum, (ix) expanding continuing education, (x) expanding integrated education for disabled students, and (xi) pilot-testing the conditional cash transfer program

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Viet Nam has enjoyed rapid economic growth over the past decade on the strength of higher farm incomes, strong domestic demand, and fast export growth. Exports are growing by 15% 20% per year in value terms, and foreign direct investment inflows by 10% per year.

Recent economic growth has changed the sectoral composition of the economy. In 1999, the country was primarily agricultural: 76% of the population lived in the countryside and agricultural production accounted for 26% of gross domestic product (GDP) (1998). By 2007, the share of agriculture, forestry, and fishery had declined to 14.2% of GDP. Industry, on the other hand, has increased its share of GDP to 43.3%, while services now make up 42.5%. Such a shift economy based on services, technology, and industry.

There is a growing need for more than just equitable compulsory education. Parents, particularly those from the increasingly prosperous middle class, aspire to have their children succeed in the market economy and view the acquisition of academic qualifications and professional skills as a key strategy toward that objective. They realize that primary education alone will not secure employment in modern industries and well-paid professional careers. Secondary education is considered an entry-level requirement that can provide the basic competencies and skills for technology management and problem solving. Viet Nam must improve the quality of its labor force to stay competitive within the region and sustain economic growth. In 2006,

Viet Nam had a work force (15 60 years of age) of 45.6 million, 3% more than in 2005. Nearly half (45.5%) were below the age of 34. Young people must become proficient in information and communication technology, foreign languages, and other professional skills and areas of knowledge. The quality of schooling and the learning outcomes must be equivalent to those in other countries for Viet Nam to continue to compete internationally.

Impact The expected impact of the program is enhanced learning outcomes and competitiveness of secondary school students.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved quality and equity of the secondary education system by 2015.
Progress Toward Outcome --
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs a. Output 1: Effective and Accountable Management of Secondary Education; b. Output 2: Improved Quality for International Competitiveness; c. Output 3: Improved Access to and Equity of Education for Disadvantaged Groups; d. Output4: Project Implementation and Monitoring Support
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The Program Loan was successfully completed in 2013 with all the policy actions fulfilled.

The Project Loan is going on track with the following main achievements:

- 89.8% of LSSs and 81.3% of USSs have completed a self-assessment; and 12.4% of LSSs and 14.1% of USSs have finished an external assessment. All short-term OST activities completed. All master candidates completed studies.

- The Department of Teachers and Education Managers has piloted the issuing of certificates to 140 qualified teachers in Lao Cai province. To date CPMU has supported workshops on teaching methodology to achieve national standards for 24,779 mentors. In the SY2013/14, 94.6% of secondary teachers were evaluate using the new standards.

- MOET issued the new standards for secondary school teachers which were approved under an ADB-financed project through circular 30/2009/TT-BGDD.

- Teacher assessment started in SY 2011. Training has been provided to 24,779 trainers who then provide upgrading to teachers.

- Grade 11 NAM and PISA were completed in December 2011 and April 2012 respectively. The grade 9 NAM for 4 subjects was conducted in April 2013. Results for 2012 PISA were released December 2013. Participation is underway for PISA 2015.

- Training workshops for mentor teachers on enhancement of ICT application in teaching were conducted in in July 2013. Two candidates completed their overseas Master degree programs. Equipment (hardware) was provided for 32 LSS and 41 USS in Q4/2012.

- The construction in 16 CECs was completed. The construction in 1 other CEC is expected to be finished soon. Contracts for furniture for the CECs are completed. Training workshop on evaluating the effectiveness of the CEC model combining general knowledge teaching with professional skills teaching was held in Da Nang on 10-11 April 2014.

- Upgrading and rehabilitation of 58 schools with inclusive education are completed.

- The payment of CCT to 3,501 targeted students (1,696 male and 1,805 female) for SY 2013-2014 was completed. Payment of CCT for targeted students of SY2014-2015 will be completed by Q2/2015. Payment for school block grant to CCT schools for SY2013-2014 was completed. Payment of school block grant to CCT schools for SY2014-2015 will be completed by Q2/2015. Site visits to monitor the CCT implementation were conducted in Thanh Hoa, Ninh Binh, Binh Dinh and Lam Dong provinces (on 18-21 May 2014).

Geographical Location Viet Nam
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects TBD
Involuntary Resettlement TBD
Indigenous Peoples TBD
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The Program was implemented in close consultation with central and local stakeholders. For the policy reform program, the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) and the Ministry of Finance (MOF) shared the responsibility for the inter-ministerial consultation and coordination to obtain consensus in the procedures and expected outcomes to fulfill the conditions for the tranche release. The participation of local stakeholders including communities, NGOs and district-level governments in the SESDP activities was essential for some subcomponents to be implemented in the disadvantaged regions. Communication and consultation strategies were required to encourage ethnic minority community support in particular for participation in LSE. Such strategies could use village assemblies as well as other state-sponsored village organizations. Ethnic minorities tend to be organized around the village and village authorities that consequently have considerable legitimacy. The gia lang or village council became an element of Program strategies to reach ethnic minority communities. It was appropriate to seek the support of the NGOs and prominent ethnic minority intellectuals who might have close links with their communities of origin.
During Project Implementation The Program has been implemented in close consultation with central and local stakeholders. For the policy reform program, the MOET and the MOF share the responsibility for the inter-ministerial consultation and coordination to obtain consensus in the procedures and expected outcomes to fulfill the conditions for the tranche release. The participation of local stakeholders including communities, NGOs, women's union and district-level governments in the SESDP activities is essential for some subcomponents to be implemented in the disadvantaged regions. Communication and consultation strategies are required to encourage ethnic minority community support in particular for participation in LSE. Such strategies can use village assemblies as well as other state-sponsored village organizations. Ethnic minorities tend to be organized around the village and village authorities that consequently have considerable legitimacy. The gia lang or village council can become an element of Program strategies to reach ethnic minority communities. It will be appropriate to seek the support of the NGOs and prominent ethnic minority intellectuals who may have close links with their communities of origin.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting Services will be recruited under the Project Loan
Procurement For the program loan, the loan proceeds will be used to finance the full foreign exchange costs of items produced and procured in ADB member countries, excluding ineligible items and imports financed from other bilateral and multilateral sources.
Responsible ADB Officer Eiko Izawa
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Viet Nam Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education and TrainingH. E. Nguyen Vinh HiemMinistry of Education and Training - 49 Dai Co Viet St. Hanoi, Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 26 Jun 2009
Fact Finding 22 Jun 2009 to 30 Jun 2009
MRM 31 Jul 2009
Approval 25 Nov 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 01 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Loan 2582-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Nov 2009 22 Dec 2009 03 May 2010 30 Jun 2013 - 27 Mar 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 20.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 25 Nov 2009 19.08 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Nov 2009 19.08 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Loan 2583-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Nov 2009 22 Dec 2009 03 May 2010 31 Dec 2015 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 51.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 40.00 25 Nov 2009 35.98 0.00 95%
Counterpart 11.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Nov 2009 36.32 0.00 96%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

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