Viet Nam: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 40364-013

Summary

The project will increase access to water supply and sanitation, improving the health and quality of life of the rural population in six selected provinces in the central coastal region of Viet Nam. The project will support the government in implementing its Socioeconomic Development Plan, 2006-2010, including reducing poverty to 10%-11% of households by 2010. In so doing, it will help the government to achieve the Vietnamese Millennium Development Goals. The project will provide piped water and hygienic sanitation to about 350,000 people living in rural areas. The project has a strong poverty focus and its design is based on lessons from previous interventions in the sector. The implementation will follow a community-based approach and will focus on (i) improving hygienic behavior, (ii) strengthening operation and maintenance of the water supply works, and (iii) monitoring and evaluation of the outputs and impacts of rural water supply and sanitation investments.

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project Number 40364-013
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2609-VIE: Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 45.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project will increase access to water supply and sanitation, improving the health and quality of life of the rural population in six selected provinces in the central coastal region of Viet Nam. The project will support the government in implementing its Socioeconomic Development Plan, 2006-2010, including reducing poverty to 10%-11% of households by 2010. In so doing, it will help the government to achieve the Vietnamese Millennium Development Goals. The project will provide piped water and hygienic sanitation to about 350,000 people living in rural areas. The project has a strong poverty focus and its design is based on lessons from previous interventions in the sector. The implementation will follow a community-based approach and will focus on (i) improving hygienic behavior, (ii) strengthening operation and maintenance of the water supply works, and (iii) monitoring and evaluation of the outputs and impacts of rural water supply and sanitation investments.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy In 2006, about 46% of the rural population of Viet Nam had access to clean water, although at quantities barely sufficient to support their basic needs and not continuously throughout the year. About 83% of the population had latrines, but only 48% of these could be considered hygienic. About 37% of the rural population still practiced open defecation. In 2006, about 72% of public schools had latrines but only 12% of them were hygienic. Only 21% of commune health centers had latrines. Knowledge of individual sanitation was still poor. In 2006 only 2.3% of the rural population knew that hand washing with soap may prevent some communicable diseases, and only 13% of households and 11% of the students washed their hands with soap before meals and after urination or defecation. Better access to clean water and hygienic sanitation will improve public health. This in turn will reduce poverty by reducing medical expenses and productive days lost. In addition, the project will also reduce the burden on women and girls, who are traditionally tasked with water collection and caring for sick family members.
Impact Improved health and living conditions for the rural population in the project provinces.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Access to clean water and hygienic sanitation for the rural population of selected communities in the project area.
Progress Toward Outcome Construction is on-going for first batch sub-projects. Second batch sub-projects have been selected and design is on-going.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Sustainable piped water supply systems.

2. Improved

household and public

sanitation

3. Improved hygiene practices.

4. Strengthened sector planning and implementation capacity.

5. Improved project management capacity.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Construction on-going
Geographical Location Six provinces of the central coastal region of Viet Nam: Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Binh Dinh
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples A
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The environmental classification of the Project is category B. Base on the results of the initial environmental examinations (IEE), the subprojects are unlikely to cause significant adverse environmental impacts since it is intended to improve the quality of environment and living standards of rural communities in the subproject areas. Some of the benefits include availability of house connected clean and reliable water supply for drinking and sanitation, minimized or eliminated flooding and stagnation of wastewater and improved personal sanitation. The potential adverse environmental impacts that are associated with design, construction and operation of the subprojects will be mostly of low magnitude and localized which could be readily mitigated through proper engineering design and implementation of mitigation and monitoring measures identified in the IEEs. An environmental assessment and review framework has been prepared for future subprojects.
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation A central project management unit is established within the National Center for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation of MARD to coordinate project implementation. The provincial Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development have set up a provincial project management unit. The provincial Viet Nam women's unions is responsible for managing the revolving funds for sanitation improvement. At the commune level, water and sanitation commune committees are established and sanitation and health promoters identified to ensure community participation in project implementation and implement hygiene awareness activities.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Services for Project Implementation Assistance have been procured.
Responsible ADB Officer Paulus B. van Klaveren
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MARD)C10 Nguyen Hong Street
Dong Ha, Hanoi Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Jul 2009
Fact Finding 13 Jul 2009 to 28 Jul 2009
MRM 27 Aug 2009
Approval 17 Dec 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 29 Jul 2015

Loan 2609-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Dec 2009 02 Feb 2010 02 Jun 2010 30 Jun 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 50.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.00 17 Dec 2009 35.50 0.00 88%
Counterpart 5.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Dec 2009 17.77 0.00 44%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Nghe An Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Quang Binh Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Quang Nam Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Ha Tinh Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thanh Hoa Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Binh Dinh Updated Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jul 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Binh Dinh Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Resettlement Plans Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Quang Nam Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Quang Binh Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Nghe An Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Ha Tinh Safeguards Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Thanh Hoa Safeguard Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Resettlement Plans Nov 2009
Central Region Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2009

Evaluation Documents

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