India: Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Tranche 3

Sovereign Project | 40423-053

Summary

The Rural Connectivity Investment Program (RCIP) Project 3 will improve and sustain the connectivity of selected rural communities in the states of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal (the RCIP states) to markets, district headquarters and other centers of economic activities. Under the road infrastructure development component, Project 3 will construct approximately 6,124.17 km of all-weather rural roads and will connect 1,945 habitations in the RCIP states. Under the institutional strengthening component, Project 3 will construct 25 Rural Road Network Management Unit (RRNMU) buildings in the RCIP states, and carry out training and certification program for Project Implementation Unit (PIU), panchayati raj institution, design consultant and contractor staff in the RCIP states.

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Project Name Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Tranche 3
Project Number 40423-053
Country India
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: MFF - Rural Connectivity Investment Program (Tranche 3)
Ordinary capital resources US$ 273.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Transport policies and institutional development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Rural Connectivity Investment Program (RCIP) Project 3 will improve and sustain the connectivity of selected rural communities in the states of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal (the RCIP states) to markets, district headquarters and other centers of economic activities. Under the road infrastructure development component, Project 3 will construct approximately 6,124.17 km of all-weather rural roads and will connect 1,945 habitations in the RCIP states. Under the institutional strengthening component, Project 3 will construct 25 Rural Road Network Management Unit (RRNMU) buildings in the RCIP states, and carry out training and certification program for Project Implementation Unit (PIU), panchayati raj institution, design consultant and contractor staff in the RCIP states.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The absence of all-weather road connectivity is a serious problem in India''s rural areas, making these communities inaccessible for up to 90 days a year. Poor road infrastructure affects economic growth, agricultural productivity, and employment in these areas, and therefore has a strong link to poverty. The Government of India (the Government) is addressing this problem through implementation of a nationwide rural road investment program the Prime Minister's Rural Roads Program or Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) aimed at providing all-weather road connectivity to currently unconnected eligible habitations in India's rural areas. Since it was started in 2000, this Government's flagship program has constructed 426,629 km of rural roads and connecting 156,206 habitations in India to a greater transportation network. ADB''s country partnership strategy (CPS) 2013-2017 for India is closely aligned with the priorities of India''s Twelve''s Five Year Plan 2012- 2017. The CPS reconfirms continuing ADB assistance for development of rural roads, which is critical for rural development as they provide access to markets, health, education, and administrative services.
Impact access to markets, districts headquarters, and other centers of socio-economic activity is improved.
Outcome connectivity of selected rural communities in the five RCIP states is improved and sustained.
Outputs

Selected rural roads are constructed to all-weather standard

Quality of design of RCIP roads is improved

Maintenance of RCIP roads is improved and sustained

Road safety measures are incorporated into the design

Institutional capacity strengthened

Effective project management provided

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental Safeguards. The project roads in the five RCIP states under Project 3 and the construction of the RCTRC and one pilot RRNMU buildings identified in Project 1 are classified as environment category B in accordance with ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) (SPS). In line with the approved EARF, state level Initial Environmental Examinations (IEEs) s based on a representative sample of 10% of the roads and one IEE covering all RCTRCs and RRNMUs across all the RCIP states have been prepared based on Environment Code of Practice (ECOP) checklists completed for all roads and screening checklist for buildings. The six IEE s will be disclosed on the ADB website. The same checklist will be applied for the remaining RRNMU buildings under Project 3. Climate change vulnerability assessment for each state were performed and integrated in the IEE reports. In accordance with the findings of the IEE reports, predicted environmental impacts are minimal, temporary and reversible as they are mainly related to occupational health and safety and minor issues of dust, noise and water pollution which occur mostly during construction. Mitigation measures are integrated into construction works through incorporation of a standard Environmental Management Plan (EMP) in the bidding documents and provision of road specific EMPs with the Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) based on information in the ECOP checklist. Preparation of the ECOP checklist requires site transect walks and public consultations. Therefore concerned community people have been consulted for each and every road under the Project. A grievance redress mechanism to address concerns of relevant stakeholders will be implemented following the approach similar to the on-going Projects. The same institutional arrangement will implement environment safeguards. The TSC will continue to monitor safeguard activities on behalf of the NRRDA and ensure the SRRDA safeguard officers are maintained, all project roads conform with the environment Category B threshold, review environmental checklists, and conduct EMP compliance inspections. At the SRRDA level, the PIC and PIUs will continue to ensure all DPRs contain responsive road-specific EMPs and comply with statutory requirements, and adequate resources are provided in the bidding documents to implement needed environmental measures. The PIC and PIUs will continue the practice of maintaining monitoring checklists during various stages of project implementation as done in earlier projects.
Involuntary Resettlement Project 3 is categorized as C for resettlement impacts in accordance with SPS. Road improvement will be conducted in the existing Right of Way (RoW) and impacts are marginal, with minor widening and realignment in few cases, which require narrow strips of land to be made available. The voluntary land donation system has been used under the PMGSY and other rural development schemes across India and proved effective. It was refined with the guidelines of the state-specific Community Participation Frameworks (CPFs) prepared to comply with SPS. The CPFs outline the procedural requirements to ensure that: (i) affected people are consulted; (ii) voluntary donation is confirmed through verbal and written record and verified by an independent party or legal authority; (iii) impacts do not severely affect the living standards of the affected persons; (iv) vulnerable households are identified and proactively linked to state or national poverty alleviation programs; and (v) an adequate grievance mechanism is in place. During the social due diligence of Project 3, some roads were dropped because they did not meet the criteria mentioned above.
Indigenous Peoples Project 3 is classified category C for impacts on Indigenous Peoples in accordance with SPS. Scheduled tribes have been identified in all RCIP states. However, these groups are largely assimilated with the mainstream population. These roads will not have any differential impacts on scheduled tribes. They will receive similar benefits from the road improvement as non-indigenous people. Moreover, the CPF calls for proactive measures to link any affected family categorized as vulnerable, which includes families from Scheduled Tribes, to the national and state-sponsored poverty alleviation and livelihood enhancement schemes.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The design phase included a comprehensive consultation process for each of the 1822 subproject roads. During this process, 43,657 people were consulted about the road design to ensure land donation would be voluntary and to include design features requested by the community.
During Project Implementation Community consultations are mostly conducted during project preparation. However, support to poor and vulnerable families to ensure they are adequately linked to government and state sponsored poverty alleviation and employment programs will be conducted by the PIC during implementation. Moreover, community members will participate to the grievance redress committee established for each subproject road.
Responsible ADB Officer Andri Heriawan
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Rural Development DepartmentRural Development Department
Government of Odisha
Sanchivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar India
Ministry of Rural DevelopmentKrishi Bhawan
New Delhi 110001
India
Panchayat and Rural Development DepartmentRoom No.317, DKS Bhavan(Mantralay),
Raipur India
Public Works Roads Department(Government of Assam)Assam Sachivalaya, Dispur, Guwahati-6
Assam India
Panchayat and Rural Development DepartmentDepartment of Panchayats & Rural
Development, Jessop Building (1st Floor)
63 N.S. Road, Kolkata - 700001 India
Panchayat and Rural Development Department5th Floor, B-Wing, Paryawas Bhawan,
Bhopal(MP)-462004
India
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM 18 Jun 2015
Approval 24 Sep 2015
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 29 May 2015

No documents found.

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Assam Roads Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Madhya Pradesh Roads Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Odisha Roads Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: West Bengal Roads Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Chhattisgarh Roads Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program: RCTRC and RRNMU Buildings in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal under Project 1 and Project 3 Safeguards Due Diligence Reports May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program: RCTRC and RRNMU Buildings in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Odisha under Batch I and Batch III Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Odisha Roads Social Safeguards Compliance Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Due Diligence of Ongoing Projects in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and West Bengal under Project 1 and Project 2 Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: West Bengal Roads Social Safeguards Compliance Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Assam Roads Social Safeguards Compliance Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Chhattisgarh Roads Social Safeguards Compliance Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2015
Rural Connectivity Investment Program - Project 3: Madhya Pradesh Roads Social Safeguards Compliance Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2015

Evaluation Documents

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