||Second Crop Diversification Project
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|TA 7230-BAN: Second Crop Diversification Project|
|Japan Special Fund
||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
||Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector
||Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
- Agricultural production
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Gender equity
||The government's overall objective in the National Agriculture Policy is to make the nation self-sufficient in food and ensure a dependable food security system by increasing production of all crops, including HVCs. In the National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II, the government gives highest priority to the development of the agriculture sector in addressing and rapidly reducing poverty, and reaffirms its commitment to make the country self-sufficient in food by 2013. The strategy outlines medium-term policies and strategies to foster agriculture sector growth that include (i) increasing crop yield, (ii) providing broad-based policy support, (iii) diversifying into HVCs, (iv) intensifying agricultural research and technology generation, (v) disseminating technology among farmers, (vi) revamping the agricultural marketing system, (vii) promoting agroprocessing activities, (viii) adopting climate change adaptive technologies, and (ix) undertaking irrigation schemes and flood protection measures. The Second Crop Diversification Project directly supports government policy on food security and agriculture sector growth, particularly for the following intervention areas prioritized in the National Food Policy Plan of Action: (i) agricultural marketing and trade (reducing marketing costs of agricultural products and strengthening value-chain integration), (ii) agricultural diversification into HVCs and a focus on involving women, (iii) agricultural credit (increasing formal credit to agriculture, especially to marginal, small, and medium farmers), and (iv) market infrastructure development.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||The Project is consistent with the poverty reduction strategies of the Government and ADB, which recognizes that improving farmers? livelihood through productivity enhancement, crop diversification and commercialization, and agribusiness development is essential to poverty reduction in the rural area of Bangladesh. The national poverty reduction strategy (NPRS) 2005 identified four areas of focus for agriculture and rural development: (i) intensification of major cereal crops including rice; (ii) diversification of high value non-cereal crops (vegetables, fruits, pulses, and spices); (iii) development of non-crop agriculture (fishery and livestock including poultry); and (iv) promotion of rural non-farm activities (rural infrastructure, transport and services). ADB, under the country partnership strategy for Bangladesh for 2006-2010, has more focused interventions on crop intensification and diversification, agribusiness development, livestock entrepreneurship development, and water resources management, aiming to increase farm productivity, enhance income of small and marginal farmers and ultimately benefit the rural poor. The Project will complement and build on lessons learned from, among others, the ADB-assisted NCDP and the Agribusiness Development Project, the World Bank-assisted National Agricultural Technology Project, and interventions in the sector by the Danish International Development Agency and the United States Agency for International Development. By increasing rural incomes, the Project will directly improve food security and complement the recently approved Emergency Assistance for Food Security Project.
||The impact of the Project will be increased food production and value-addition to food crops, enhanced farm incomes, increased employment opportunities, and higher levels of food security.