Cambodia: Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project

Sovereign Project | 40555-012 Status: Closed


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Project Name Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project
Project Number 40555-012
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0178-CAM: Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 24.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome Most except for two outcome indicators have been met/exceeded. The increase in the number of graduates with formal TVET qualifications from public institutions and Graduates from enterprise- and center-based VSTP training are in relevant full-time employment or self-employment have not been met.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The Project closed on 31 July 2015 with 99% contract awards and 98% disbursement.

Summary of Output 1 achievements:

" 5 PTCs/Institutions were upgraded to RTCs

" The roles and responsibilities of RTCs and the clustering of public provincial TVET institutions around the RTCs have been finalized

" 7 new buildings have been constructed in 5 RTCs, ITI and CIEDI

" 6 existing buildings have been rehabilitated in Kampot RTC, Takeo RTC, CIEDI and ITI

" 4 Dormitories were provided to the RTCs (excluding Takeo RTC, which got from Govt. budget)

" 5 Dormitories were provided to PTCs offering the new CBT programs

" Basic workshop and automotive workshop was delivered to all 5 RTCs and the workshop staff trained in the use of the equipment

" Construction and Automotive equipment under ICB were delivered to all 5 RTCs, construction equipment was supplied to PPI and NTTI, automotive equipment was supplied to ITI and JVC, and computer equipment were delivered to all 5RTCs, PPI, ITI, NIB, NTTI, CIEDI

" All workshop staff were trained in the use of the delivered equipment

" 3 TWGs, comprising of 25 teachers, 57 expert workers, and 60 IAG member (3 priority sectors) were involved in preparation of various CBT documents, with CS and CBC endorsed by NTB sub-committee and approved by NTB

" CS, CBC, CBLP, CAP were completed for 36 different qualifications across CQF Levels 2, 3 and 4 in 3 priority areas

" CS, CBC were completed for 27 different qualifications across CQF Levels 2, 3 and 4 in 3 priority areas

" 779 units of competencies, 388 learning modules, 23,709 pages of CBT documents in English and 22,199 pages in Khmer have been completed

" Teachers from all the institutions were trained a number of times in both hard and soft skills by NTTI

" 1,092 students are enrolled in the new CQF Level 2 courses in this ongoing academic year

" 155 in-country workshops have been conducted for 10,007 (F-1,431) participants

" 39 Directors, 57 Deputy Directors and 818 teachers/staff have benefitted from capacity building workshops

Summary of Output 2 achievements:

" 2 new PTCs were established in Mondulkiri and Preah Vihear

" 1 new building was constructed for Kep PTC, which was operating from a rented property

" 4 new workshop buildings were constructed in Mondulkiri, Preah Vihear, Ratanakiri, Stung Treng

" 47 existing buildings were rehabilitated in 26 provincial training institutions

" Basic workshop and automotive workshop was delivered to all provincial PTCs

" Construction and automotive equipment were delivered to 7 PTCs offering the new CBT programs

" Workshop staff were trained in the use of the equipment delivered

" 160 teachers from the PTCs were trained on the use of CBT

" 123 teachers were trained in the use of basic competencies in the new curricula

" 88 teachers teaching non-formal courses were trained in CBT and 19 competency profiles

" Rural VSTP was implemented across all 23 provinces

" Urban VSTP and micro-enterprise were piloted in Phnom Penh

" 211,969 (F-127,372 60%) people got trained under VSTP

" 800 were trained under urban VSTP and micro-enterprise

" There were 64 different types of courses, with 4,831 training providers

" 19 competency profiles have been completed to enable trainees to move to CQF level 2 later on when the assessment centers have been set up

" As mentioned, 155 in-country workshops have benefitted 10,007 participants

32 Directors, 45 Deputy Directors and 628 teachers/staff from the PTCs have been trained

Summary of Output 3 achievements:

" The capacity to plan and manage the TVET sector has been considerably strengthened through 155 various in-country benefitting 10,007 participants, 4 regional training packages (1 still to be implemented) benefitting 85 participants and 2 study tour packages benefitting 19 participants

" DGTVET has been restructured into 6 departments; the ToRs have been finalized and approved and the departments have been staffed and are currently operational

" Cambodia Qualifications Framework was approved by NTB and by the Government in the form of sub-decree

" Baseline study was completed

" Policy Study on Future Directions of TVET and TVET Financing was completed

" Based on this, TVET Strategic Plan 2014-18 has been completed

" MTEF 2015-18, unit cost study of different programs and draft 2016 Annual Operational Plan have been completed

" Midterm and final impact studies completed

" Annual Operational Plans for 2011, 2012, 2013, 214 and 2015 completed

" Quality Assurance framework completed and approved

" 2 rounds of internal and external audits of all public TVET institutions have been completed

" LMIS has been designed, has been uploaded in the website and is operational

" TVETMIS has been designed, has been uploaded in the website and is operational

" TVETMIS reports for 2012-13 and 2013-14 have been completed

" Protocol for registration of TVET institutions with MLVT were finalized and have been uploaded in the website

" ILUs have been re-established in the TVET institutions, the ILU members have been trained on how to establish linkages with the private sector and in the marketing of the TVET programs

" 521 staff (F-88) were trained in TVETMIS, 159 (F-12) were trained in LMIS and 80 were trained in ISO certification

" Career guidance manual has been extensively discussed and distributed to the provinces

" Social marketing strategy has been developed along with leaflets, brochures, posters, TV and video spots and these are being marketed through national TV and radio channel

" 17 members of senior management (Directors and above), 11 Deputy Directors of DGTVET and 99 staff have participated in various workshops

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The TA consultants held two major stakeholder workshops with over 100 participants, conducted two surveys of TVET graduates, did a questionnaire survey and interviews with seven provincial training center directors and 30 community development specialists on recommended adjustments to VSTP; interviewed the teachers, managers and graduates of the seven Phnom Penh post-secondary institutes; and surveyed the graduates of the National Technical Training Institute (NTTI) on the effectiveness of NTTI teacher training.

Visits and interviews were also conducted with: AFD, Cambodian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Cambodian Federation of Employers and Business Associations, Cambodian Institute of Development Studies, Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Chamber of Professional and Micro Enterprises, the Federation of Employers, Garment Association in Cambodia, Garment Industry Productivity Centre and the Travel and Hospitality Institute. The Ministry of Women's Affairs was also consulted. Donor agencies consulted were EC, GTZ, ILO and the World Bank.

Private sector TVET training providers were also consulted through visits and interviews. A sample of 40 private sector trainers was identified and interviewed about non-government provision.

During Project Implementation The project was implemented in closer coordination with industry than has been the case in the past, through the creation of the Enterprise Sector Councils (ESCs), the focus on just three economic sectors, and the inclusion of the ESCs and other industry experts in the development of standards, curricula and assessment. The project steering committee, through its composition, promoted the involvement of other stakeholder ministries, as well as the employers' federation and private training providers. The VSTP had strong stakeholder involvement as the training agenda was determined at commune level on the basis of a local needs assessment.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The Project will be supported by 600 person-months of consultants (160 person-months of international and 440 person-months of national consultants). The consulting services are designed to assist the Project to achieve sustainable outcomes by providing technical support for implementation, system and institutional monitoring and training planning, management, and delivery and staff upgrading. Ten of the international and nine of the national specialists will assist with skills standards and curriculum development, management and instructor training, development of management information systems and a web site, and implementation of the VSTP. Two of the international and two national consultants will support the PCU in finance, monitoring and evaluation, procurement and civil works. All consultants will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Project implementation consultants will be engaged through a firm on the basis of quality- and cost-based selection with an 80:20 weighting. Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training (MOLVT), through the PCU, will be responsible for selecting and hiring consultants. Additional individual consultants will be hired to support the PCU as needed. The Project will also recruit consulting or other firms who will facilitate regional training and study tours as well as carry out M&E baseline and impact studies using the consultants' qualification selection method. In-country training will also be arranged using the consultants' qualification selection method.

All ADB-financed goods, works and services will be procured in accordance with the ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The project director, assisted by the project staff, will be responsible for all procurement. The indicative procurement plan and a procurement capacity assessment have been prepared, along with details of the proposed equipment and unit costs of inputs.

Supply contracts for goods such as laboratory and workshop equipment estimated at $500,000 equivalent or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Supply contracts for goods such as motorcycles, computers and office equipment of more than $50,000 but less than $500,000 will follow national competitive bidding procedures. Items costing less than $50,000 will be procured through shopping. Details of procurement packages and technical specifications must be submitted to Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) and ADB for approval before procurement.

Civil works under the Project will consist of construction and/or rehabilitation of training facilities, workshops, and dormitories. Civil works contracts estimated at $1 million or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Civil works contracts of more than $50,000 but less than $1 million will be procured through national competitive bidding procedures, and contracts less than $50,000 may be procured through shopping.

The procurement capacity assessment reveals that the Directorate General of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (DGTVET) is experienced in the procurement of goods, but less experienced in procuring works and services and consultants, and the site management and monitoring of civil works (Supplementary Appendix I). Training and mentoring will be provided by the consultants to strengthen capacity, specifically in the preparation of bid documents and bid evaluation reports for civil works, bid evaluation, training of Project Coordination Unit (PCU) staff, and procurement review committees on procurement regulations and ADB guidelines, preparation of detailed lists, and technical specifications of equipment, and selection and contracting of consulting services.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Karin Schelzig
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training
H.E. Pich Sophoan
Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training, #3, Russian Confederation Blvd, Khan Toul Kork


Concept Clearance 30 Jul 2009
Fact Finding 17 Jul 2009 to 31 Jul 2009
MRM 18 Aug 2009
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

Grant 0178-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Nov 2009 27 Dec 2009 26 Feb 2010 31 Jul 2015 - 08 Mar 2016
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 27.52 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 24.50 13 Nov 2009 24.20 0.00 99%
Counterpart 3.02 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Nov 2009 24.20 0.00 99%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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