Cambodia: Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project

Sovereign Project | 40555-012

Summary

The Project will support the Government's strategies to reduce poverty and achieve socioeconomic development for all Cambodians. These include (i) promotion of vocational and skills training to ensure continuing improvement in national productivity; (ii) creation of jobs in the formal and nonformal sectors; (iii) an increase in agricultural productivity to create jobs in rural areas; and (iv) the establishment of technical vocational education and training (TVET) networks to assist both men and women, especially the poor, disabled and vulnerable, to respond to labor market needs.

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project
Project Number 40555-012
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0178-CAM: Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 24.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The Project will support the Government's strategies to reduce poverty and achieve socioeconomic development for all Cambodians. These include (i) promotion of vocational and skills training to ensure continuing improvement in national productivity; (ii) creation of jobs in the formal and nonformal sectors; (iii) an increase in agricultural productivity to create jobs in rural areas; and (iv) the establishment of technical vocational education and training (TVET) networks to assist both men and women, especially the poor, disabled and vulnerable, to respond to labor market needs.

The Project will help ensure an expanded public TVET system that is endorsed by industry and is better aligned with the skills requirements of the formal and informal economies. The project will develop replicable models for transforming the system so it is more relevant to industry, focusing initially on three industry sectors: mechanics, construction, and business services and information and communication technologies (ICT). These models can be used as the basis for continued reform in other industry sectors.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Current public TVET provision does not fully meet the need for basic and mid-level skills in the formal and informal economies. Lack of access to formal training on a national basis, weak links with industry, lack of entrepreneurial focus, poor quality control, and inadequate institutional financing continue to limit the quantity and quality of system output.

The current global economic downturn has increased the need for strategies that will lead to a wider, more internationally competitive production base. Greater investment in formal vocational skills formation is essential to ensure the expansion of the skilled labor force, and a substantial increase in productivity through more effective and efficient training.

Impact An expanded, employment-ready mid-level workforce in rural and urban areas, including both men and women.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome An expanded, enterprise-endorsed public training system better aligned with the basic and mid-level skills requirements of the formal and informal economies in mechanics, construction, and business services and information and communication technologies.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1: Formal programs that are more relevant to industry

Output 2: Expanded and better quality nonformal training

Output 3: Institutional capacity to plan and manage TVET is strengthened.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Formal Programs that are more Relevant to Industry

Contract variation of Kampot PTC was approved and the contract variation of $58,341.60 was signed and the stalled construction of the pile foundation has commenced; All the 5 RTCs are in various finishing stages with completion at about 70% to 75%; Addition of one floor in each of three constrained sites of Battambang, Kampot and Siem Reap was approved; Second part of the Competency-Based Education and Training Program Development Workshop was completed on 01-02 October 2012; Competency Assessment Package Development Workshop was conducted on 04-05; 08-09; and 18 October 2012; Workshop on preparation of tools & equipment procurement list for mechanics and construction trades intended for the 5 RTCs, NTTI, PPI and ITI was conducted on 10 October 2012 and was attended by institute directors and technical staff; Competency Standards Levels 3 and 4 for four (4) priority job positions of Civil Construction Sector have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 11 October 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Level 4 for four (4) priority job positions of Civil Construction Sector have been validated by industry expert workers on 25-26 October 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Level 2 for three (3) additional job priorities of Civil Construction Sector, namely: Building Electrical Wiring, Steel Structural Erection, and Plumbing have been validated by industry expert-workers on 01-02 November 2012; Writing of CBLP Level 2, with emphasis on task analysis, for four priority job positions of Civil Construction Sector was resumed on 06 November 2012 and on-going; Competency-Based Curriculum Level 2 for three (3) additional job positions of Civil Construction Sector, namely: Building Electrical Wiring, Steel Structural Erection, and Plumbing have been reviewed and endorsed by industry expert-workers on 08 November 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Levels 3 and 4 for four (4) job priorities of Civil Construction Sector have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 23 November 2012; Planning Workshop on Effective Implementation of Competency-Based Education and Training was conducted on 04-08 December 2012;

(Mechanics sector)

Competency-Based Curriculum Level 4 for three (3) priority jobs positions of Mechanics Sector have been validated by industry expert-workers 25-26 October 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Level 2 for four (4) additional job priorities of Mechanics Sector, namely: Motorcycle Servicing, Automotive Body Painting, Automotive Body Repairing, and Automotive Engine Rebuilding have been validated by industry expert workers on 01-02 November 2012; Writing of CBLP Level 2, with emphasis on task analysis, for four job priorities of Mechanics Sector was resumed on 06 November 2012 and on-going; Competency Standards Level 2 for four (4) additional job positions namely: Motorcycle Servicing, Automotive Body Painting, Automotive Body Repairing, and Automotive Engine Rebuilding of Mechanics sector have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 08 November 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Level 2 for four (4) additional job positions of Mechanics sector, namely: Motorcycle Servicing, Automotive Body Painting, Automotive Body Repairing, and Automotive Engine Rebuilding have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 08 November 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Levels 3 and 4 for three (3) job priorities of Mechanics Sector have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 23 November 2012;

(Business and ICT sectors)

Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) of ICT and Business sectors, namely: CBC Level 3 for Computer Services, Human Resource Services, and Customer Services; and CBC Level 2 for Administrative Services have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 11 October 2012; Competency Standards (CS) for job positions of ICT and Business sectors, namely: CS Level 2 for Computer Services, Human Resource Services, and Customer Services; and CS Level 3 for Administrative Services have been validated by industry expert workers on 14-15 November 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) for job positions of ICT and Business sectors, namely: CBC Level 3 for Computer Services, Human Resource Services, and Customer Services; and CBC Level 2 for Administrative Services have been reviewed and endorsed by industry advisory group on 23 November 2012; Competency-Based Curriculum Level 2 for job positions of ICT and Business sectors, namely: Computer Services, Human Resource Services, Customer Services and Marketing Services have been validated by industry expert-workers on 12-13 December 2012; Competency Standards Level 2 for Marketing Services of ICT and Business sectors has been validated by industry expert-workers on 12-13 December 2012; Competency Standards Level 4 for job priorities of ICT and Business sectors, namely: Computer Services, Administrative Services, Human Resource Services, and Customer Services have been validated by industry expert-workers on 12-13 December 2012;

Writing of CBLP Levels 2 and 3, with emphasis on task analysis, for initial four job priorities of ICT and Business Sectors is resumed on 26 October 2012 and on-going; Writing of Competency Assessment Package (CAP) Level 2 for priority job positions of mechanics, construction and ICT & Business sectors has started on 09 October 2012 and on-going, however, the written test component of the CAP will be finalized once the writing of CBLP Level 2 is completed; and Submission of the final procurement list of tools & equipment for mechanics and construction trades intended for the 5 RTCs, NTTI, PPI and ITI have been completed as of 30 November 2013. Modules 1, 5, 6, and 7 in the TVET Teacher Handbook have been translated in Khmer and submitted for endorsement. Soft-Skill modules on Communication, Problem Solving, Motivation and Critical Thinking has been translated in Khmer and submitted for endorsement. Preliminary data has been collected from the TVET Teacher retention survey through email and mailed in questionnaires. An Educational Quality Forum was conducted at NTTI on November 21, 2012 for administrative and master level TVET teachers of NTTI.

PowerPoint slides have been completed on Effective Teaching, Teaching in the 21st Century and Dynamic lecturing for the Educational Quality Forum conducted at NTTI. Capacity sessions are scheduled weekly, and through email correspondence with tutorial support as needed.

A module on Adult Learning has been completed for the skills upgrading workshop scheduled in January, 2013 at NTTI for PTC and RTC TVET Teachers.

Output 2: Expanded and Better Quality Nonformal TVET Training

The contracts for the buildings in the two new PTCs in Mondolkiri and Preah Vihear, which were signed on 18 June 2011, are 100% completed; The basic and automotive workshop equipment packages for all the 23 PTCs were awarded for a total amount of USD 812,831; VSTP 1st phase, year 2 commenced in March 2012 and completed by the end of December 2012 resulted 99.3% (41,517 trainees, female 26,297), against the target of 41,800 trainees; VSTP 2nd phase, year 1 commenced in February 2012 with the progress till the end of December 2012 86 % (32,932 trainees, female 18,682), against the target of 38,400 trainees; VSTP 3rd phase, year 1 mobilized in this quarter starting TENA in November 2012 and the preparation of ACTP to be completed by the end of this year. The pilot Micro-enterprise VSTP and Urban VSTP has been mobilized since the early of this quarter. So far, the target institutions, CIEDC and JVC, established the working group to manage and facilitate the program implementation within their respective institutions. The public announcement and processing in training providers selection was implementing by both TVET institutions. The draft Implementation Guideline on Micro-enterprise and Urban piloting VSTP has been agreed in principal by CIEDC and JVC, and related PCU. The report on Training Need Analysis (TNA) of In-service CDSs has been completed the 1st draft and circulated to related consultants for their inputs; The field follow up of selected graduators of VSTP 1st Phase Year 1 (2011) has been implemented by research team comprising of PCUs, counter parts and related consultants; and the report was drafted.

The sample success stories booklet of the implementation of VSTP 1st Phase Year 1 was drafted for documentation; Overall Implementation Plan of VSTP component for 2013 have been discussed and drafted. PTCs Directors Capacity Building Assessment, VSTP Non-Formal Courses audit and PTCs Non Formal Courses Competency Profiles Survey Guideline tools / materials have been developed. 5 PTCs directors, 10 teachers and 10 self-employment of graduates from VSTP non-formal courses of center based training were interviewed. Informing the directors of provincial TVET institutions on non-formal program courses and competency: First results from field visits were shared to 23 RTCs / PTCs. Draft of VSTP competency profiles catalogue in English version was completed and a second assessment was discussed and planned. Draft pocket book on business set up for teachers and students or self-employed (English and Khmer version) of has been completed.

Output 3: Strengthened Institutional Capacity to Plan and Manage TVET

The processes and documents related to TVET Institution Registration have been approved and posted in the web and to conduct media campaign; The discussion on the roles of DGTVET and the proposed (five or six) departments of DGTVET is being undertaken to propose necessary restructuring; role and function of newly design RTCs to function as focal institutions for quality assurance, monitoring and evaluation and upgrading of teaching and learning is being assessed; The Cambodian Qualification Framework, comprising of 8 levels, was finalized for submission and discussion and was approval by NTB in its 8th meeting on 17 February 2012; and the first draft of English translation has been completed; The firm that was selected to undertake a comprehensive baseline study commenced its work on 16 January 2012; and the inception report was presented and discussed in March 2012; the first and second draft report was submitted and reviewed in late May 2012 and late July 2012 respectively and as well as the consultation workshop on key findings was held on 31 July 2012; a second round of data collection is to be conducted to fill in the missing data and to make the report more comprehensive and was submitted by late of December 2013 and is being review; The project physical accomplishment using the weighting matrix at the end of the fourth quarter 2012 was 55.48%; Quality Management Handbook (Khmer version) has been approved by the senior management and the English version is being translated. The Manual will be published in both Khmer and English for dissemination to all TVET institutions in Cambodia. The cluster formation is complete and QA and M&E Training were also conducted at the 5 RTCs where QA officers from the cluster PTCs were invited to attend the QA training program in their respective RTCs. The National workshop on Quality Assurance was conducted for all the directors and QA officers of TVET institutions (RTCs and PTCs) on 13, 14 and 15 Nov. 2012. The Self-Assessment forms with the required documents were collected from 36 TVET institutions.

Follow up QA training were conducted in the 5 RTCs from 6-11 Dec. 2012. The recruitment of firm to undertake a comprehensive policy and finance study on Future Directions of TVET and TVET Financing was finalized and contract agreement was signed; Recruitment for the 5 regional training consulting packages are currently ongoing. Beta version of LMIS website have been made available online at www.cambodialmis.info LMIS website database issues and presentation issues are being tackled. Training of LMIS staff on Microsoft curriculum is ongoing with 80% complete. Large scale deployment of TVETMIS hard copy forms have been done to collection information from TVET institutions in a period of one year. Training of TVETMIS staffs on Microsoft curriculum have been successfully completed. First draft of CGD manual in English and Khmer version has been completed and shared with counterparts and PCUs for necessary further feedback; The audited accounts for FY 2011 was submitted to ADB on 16 July 2012.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The TA consultants held two major stakeholder workshops with over 100 participants, conducted two surveys of TVET graduates, did a questionnaire survey and interviews with seven provincial training center directors and 30 community development specialists on recommended adjustments to VSTP; interviewed the teachers, managers and graduates of the seven Phnom Penh post-secondary institutes; and surveyed the graduates of the National Technical Training Institute (NTTI) on the effectiveness of NTTI teacher training.

Visits and interviews were also conducted with: AFD, Cambodian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Cambodian Federation of Employers and Business Associations, Cambodian Institute of Development Studies, Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Chamber of Professional and Micro Enterprises, the Federation of Employers, Garment Association in Cambodia, Garment Industry Productivity Centre and the Travel and Hospitality Institute. The Ministry of Women's Affairs was also consulted. Donor agencies consulted were EC, GTZ, ILO and the World Bank.

Private sector TVET training providers were also consulted through visits and interviews. A sample of 40 private sector trainers was identified and interviewed about non-government provision.

During Project Implementation The intention is that the project be implemented in closer coordination with industry than has been the case in the past, through the creation of the Enterprise Sector Councils (ESCs), the focus on just three economic sectors, and the inclusion of the ESCs and other industry experts in the development of standards, curricula and assessment. The project steering committee, through its composition, will promote the involvement of other stakeholder ministries, as well as the employers' federation and private training providers. The VSTP already has strong stakeholder involvement as the training agenda is determined at commune level on the basis of a local needs assessment.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will be supported by 600 person-months of consultants (160 person-months of international and 440 person-months of national consultants). The consulting services are designed to assist the Project to achieve sustainable outcomes by providing technical support for implementation, system and institutional monitoring and training planning, management, and delivery and staff upgrading. Ten of the international and nine of the national specialists will assist with skills standards and curriculum development, management and instructor training, development of management information systems and a web site, and implementation of the VSTP. Two of the international and two national consultants will support the PCU in finance, monitoring and evaluation, procurement and civil works. All consultants will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Project implementation consultants will be engaged through a firm on the basis of quality- and cost-based selection with an 80:20 weighting. Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training (MOLVT), through the PCU, will be responsible for selecting and hiring consultants. Additional individual consultants will be hired to support the PCU as needed. The Project will also recruit consulting or other firms who will facilitate regional training and study tours as well as carry out M&E baseline and impact studies using the consultants' qualification selection method. In-country training will also be arranged using the consultants' qualification selection method.
Procurement

All ADB-financed goods, works and services will be procured in accordance with the ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The project director, assisted by the project staff, will be responsible for all procurement. The indicative procurement plan and a procurement capacity assessment have been prepared, along with details of the proposed equipment and unit costs of inputs.

Supply contracts for goods such as laboratory and workshop equipment estimated at $500,000 equivalent or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Supply contracts for goods such as motorcycles, computers and office equipment of more than $50,000 but less than $500,000 will follow national competitive bidding procedures. Items costing less than $50,000 will be procured through shopping. Details of procurement packages and technical specifications must be submitted to Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) and ADB for approval before procurement.

Civil works under the Project will consist of construction and/or rehabilitation of training facilities, workshops, and dormitories. Civil works contracts estimated at $1 million or more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding. Civil works contracts of more than $50,000 but less than $1 million will be procured through national competitive bidding procedures, and contracts less than $50,000 may be procured through shopping.

The procurement capacity assessment reveals that the Directorate General of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (DGTVET) is experienced in the procurement of goods, but less experienced in procuring works and services and consultants, and the site management and monitoring of civil works (Supplementary Appendix I). Training and mentoring will be provided by the consultants to strengthen capacity, specifically in the preparation of bid documents and bid evaluation reports for civil works, bid evaluation, training of Project Coordination Unit (PCU) staff, and procurement review committees on procurement regulations and ADB guidelines, preparation of detailed lists, and technical specifications of equipment, and selection and contracting of consulting services.

Responsible ADB Officer Karin Schelzig
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Labor and Vocational TrainingH.E. Pich Sophoantvetproject@gmail.comMinistry of Labor and Vocational Training, #3, Russian Confederation Blvd, Khan Toul Kork
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Jul 2009
Fact Finding 17 Jul 2009 to 31 Jul 2009
MRM 18 Aug 2009
Approval 13 Nov 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2015

Grant 0178-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Nov 2009 27 Dec 2009 26 Feb 2010 31 Jul 2015 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 27.52 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 24.50 13 Nov 2009 24.01 0.00 98%
Counterpart 3.02 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Nov 2009 24.15 0.00 99%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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