|Progress Toward Outcome
The program did operate efficiently in many ways. The time taken by ERRA to carry out inspections and release payments was satisfactory. This included the time taken by ERRAs assistance and inspection teams to inspect the damaged houses, collate information from the field provided by the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), and release the payments to the beneficiaries personal accounts. Of the 351,234 completely destroyed houses whose reconstruction was managed and verified by ERRA, 323,396 (92.1%) were rebuilt, while 26,756 (7.6%) were in the no work started category and 1,082 (0.3%) are in final stages of completion. In addition to the completely damaged houses under ERRAs supervision, 90,576 houses were considered partially damaged and thus eligible for the prescribed subsidy of PRs75,000, and 43,119 houses were deemed negligibly damaged and eligible for the PRs25,000 subsidy.
ERRA trained a total of 783,314 people in seismic compliant building design and construction techniques at its training centers in the earthquake affected areas and through partner NGOs hired for this purpose. The NGOs that conducted the training included two that were contracted under the TA, which conducted their training sessions in 18 union councils of KP and AJK.
Two financial management specialists were hired under the TA to provide on the job training in accounting and internal financial control for ERRA personnel and staff of provincial, state, and district reconstruction and rehabilitation agencies. The TA also supported the reconciliation of accounts and the establishment of a financial management information system (FMIS) serving all earthquake related institutions. The last two annual external audits of ERRA and the allied institutions were conducted with the help of computerized statements of account generated by the FMIS. The system is now fully operational in all the affected districts and in all of ERRAs allied agencies.
A fully functional M&E system was established with support from the ADB loan and TA funds, and from other agencies such as the United Kingdom Department of International Development (DFID), World Bank and the UN. M&E reports, covering all activities managed or coordinated by ERRA and including special case studies on topics such as gender and vulnerability, have been generated regularly.
Also with support from the TA, ERRA conducted a targeted vulnerability survey in all earthquake affected areas. Relevant line departments received capacity building training to facilitate the survey, and the survey results were disseminated widely, for setting vulnerability baselines and gaining support for vulnerable populations through existing programs.
The housing reconstruction started on 16 July 2007, and the final tranche was released on 5 May 2008, well before the program closing date of 31 December 2008 provided in Article III of the loan agreement.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
In total 92.1% of completely damaged rural houses affected by the earthquake have been rebuilt. Of a total of 351,234 completely damaged houses, 323,396have been rebuilt. The remaining 31,930 houses are in the no work started (NWS) (7.6%) and under process (0.3%) reconstruction category.
The ERRA rural housing reconstruction program trained a total of 783,314 people (32% in technical aspects and 68% in social aspects).
TA consultants conducted training in initial safeguard screening, preparation of screening checklists (due diligence), land acquisition resettlement planning, and environmental impact assessment.