China, People's Republic of: Promoting Resource Conservation and Energy Efficiency

Sovereign Project | 40638-012


The TA will develop (i) a national energy conservation measurement system (ECMS); (ii) a plan of a demonstration energy conservation project for government office buildings; (iii) a proposal for a pilot energy conservation project in an enterprise; and (iv) identification of at least one organization to be accredited for validation and verification of energy conservation.

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Project Name Promoting Resource Conservation and Energy Efficiency
Project Number 40638-012
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 4948-PRC: Promoting Resource Conservation and Energy Efficiency
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Energy efficiency and conservation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The TA will develop (i) a national energy conservation measurement system (ECMS); (ii) a plan of a demonstration energy conservation project for government office buildings; (iii) a proposal for a pilot energy conservation project in an enterprise; and (iv) identification of at least one organization to be accredited for validation and verification of energy conservation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

People?s Republic of China (PRC) has achieved and sustained an impressive economic growth averaging about 9% for the past two decades. Compared with its 2000 level, the economy is expected to double by 2010 and quadruple by 2020. The sustained economic growth has exerted considerable pressure on natural resources and environment. The projected economic growth will have to confront the emerging binding constraints?the farmland, fresh water, energy and important mineral resources are relatively insufficient; the ecology is vulnerable; the structure of the economy does not adequately support efficient resource utilization. In 2005, the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) was formulated which aims to maintain a high economic growth rate but balance it with a more efficient resource utilization and environment preservation. It aims for (i) 20% reduction in energy intensity (energy consumption/unit GDP) from 2005 level; (ii) a 10% reduction in the total emission of major pollutants, namely, sulfur dioxide that is linked to the use of coal, and chemical oxygen demand that is linked to industrial effluents; and (iii) a 30% reduction of water consumption per unit of industrial value added. It also anticipates the utilization of industrial solid waste to increase from 55.8% to 60%. Achieving these targets is a serious challenge requiring a focused approach, particularly towards energy conservation (to reduce pollution) and energy intensity.

The Government has set up an inter-Ministerial Office for Resource Conservation (IMORC) in National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to provide oversight and enforce measures for promoting resource conservation and energy efficiency. The Government has issued other decrees and plans that support the 11FYP Guidelines. The Renewable Energy Law became effective from 1 January 2006 and related implementing decrees have been issued; these encourage implementation of domestically available natural resources that have low environmental impact. NDRC issued the ?China Medium- and Long-Term Energy Conservation Plan that identifies ten key ?projects? for reducing energy consumption. The State Council also issued the decree in August 2006 to enhance energy conservation. The 11FYP targets for reduction in energy consumption have been disaggregated and communicated to provincial governments, and the Top-1,000 Program launched in April 2006 requires the industrial enterprises that account for about 33% energy use to prepare and implement energy conservation measures. These measures have mainstreamed resource conservation and energy efficiency in the implementation of the 11FYP and created the right enabling conditions for promotion of a resource efficient society in PRC. However, the progress against the 11FYP targets has been less than satisfactory in the first completed year of the plan. IMORC faces the major challenges to sustain and translate the momentum of policies into a concrete set of activities to promote, sustain, monitor and control the resource conservation and energy efficiency. During the country program meeting in December 2006, the Government requested for a technical assistance (TA) to assist IMORC meet the challenges.

Promotion of clean energy sources and improvement of energy efficiency are ADB?s key strategic priorities in the sector. ADB also launched the Energy Efficiency Initiative (EEI) in mid-2005 for decreasing the rate of climate change through increased use of sustainable energy. ADB is engaged in the development of a large scale energy efficiency project in major energy consuming areas (Guangdong and Shanghai). The proposed advisory TA has a close fit with the objectives of the EEI and ADB?s ongoing and planned lending activities to promote energy efficiency.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Guangdong and Shanghai provinces
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

A full technical proposal will be requested by ADB and consultants will be recruited using the QCBS selection method. An estimated total of 35 person-months of consulting services will be required: 5 person-months for international consultants and 30 person-months for national consultants.

(i) Resource Economist and Resource Conservation Specialist/Team Leader (2.5 pm)

(ii) Energy Conservation Standards Specialist (1.5 pm)

(iii) Institutional and Public Information Specialist (1 pm)

A team of national consultants will supplement and support the international consultants with similar expertise. The national consultants will comprise:

(i) 3 resource/energy conservation specialists (4 pm each)

(ii) 2 energy conservation standards specialist (4 pm each)

(iii) an institutional and public information specialist (4pm)

(iv) a building energy conservation expert (3 pm)

(v) an enterprise energy conservation expert (3 pm)

Responsible ADB Officer Hongliang Yang
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
National Development and Reform CommissionMr. Su Kai, Office of Inter-Ministerial Resource CNo. 8 South Yuetan St. Beijing 100824 China
Concept Clearance 23 Feb 2007
Fact Finding 16 Mar 2007 to 19 Mar 2007
Approval 02 Jul 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 23 Mar 2007
Last PDS Update 13 Aug 2010

TA 4948-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Jul 2007 15 Aug 2007 15 Aug 2007 31 May 2008 30 Sep 2010 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 02 Jul 2007 350,254.01
Title Document Type Document Date
Promoting Resource Conservation and Energy Efficiency TA Completion Reports Oct 2011
Promoting Resource Conservation and Energy Efficiency Consultants' Reports Oct 2009
Promoting Resource Conservation and Energy Efficiency Technical Assistance Reports Jul 2007

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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