China, People's Republic of: Small Cities and Towns Development Demonstration Sector Projects

Sovereign Project | 40641-012

Summary

The proposed TA will help prepare the Small City and Township Development Demonstration Project, which will cover about 15-20 small cities and towns in each of the three provinces - Hebei, Liaoning and Shanxi.

The TA will assist HPG, LPG and SPG in preparing the proposed Projects as three separate sector loans and developing methodologies that are appropriate for replication across the Provinces and elsewhere in the PRC. The TA will assist each of the three provincial governments to review and identify selection parameters for the priority and listing of cities and towns to form the subprojects; assess the scope of the most appropriate components to fulfill sector strategy goals; and prepare a sector based small cities and towns development and environmental improvement project, including EIA, environmental management plan, social analysis and RP satisfactory to ADB's policy and guidelines for each of the Provinces.

Latest Project Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Small Cities and Towns Development Demonstration Sector Projects
Project Number 40641-012
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 4959-PRC: Small Cities and Towns Development Demonstration Sector Projects
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.70 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The proposed TA will help prepare the Small City and Township Development Demonstration Project, which will cover about 15-20 small cities and towns in each of the three provinces - Hebei, Liaoning and Shanxi.

The TA will assist HPG, LPG and SPG in preparing the proposed Projects as three separate sector loans and developing methodologies that are appropriate for replication across the Provinces and elsewhere in the PRC. The TA will assist each of the three provincial governments to review and identify selection parameters for the priority and listing of cities and towns to form the subprojects; assess the scope of the most appropriate components to fulfill sector strategy goals; and prepare a sector based small cities and towns development and environmental improvement project, including EIA, environmental management plan, social analysis and RP satisfactory to ADB's policy and guidelines for each of the Provinces.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Urbanization continues to be a key thrust of the Government's development objectives under the 11th Five-Year Program (2006-2010), with emphasis on balancing regional development between the coastal and inland provinces by coordinating the development of large, medium-sized, and small cities and statutory towns, and strengthening the development of urban settlements around metropolitan areas. This strategy of promoting growth with equity is in line with ADB's strategic priorities in the PRC. Both the 11th Five-Year Program and ADB's Town-Based Urbanization Strategy Study have stressed that the PRC should develop towns by facilitating the development of larger urban agglomerations. The national and provincial governments also need to focus their efforts on towns with high potential for employment generation and economic growth. The Government aims to increase economic productivity and narrow the urban-rural income gap through the development of cities and towns. Cities are the main engines of economic growth in the PRC today. In support of industrial production and administrative activity, the service sector in cities has expanded enormously in recent years, creating large numbers of jobs per unit of invest?ment. At the same time, many towns located near metropolitan areas or along development corridors play important roles as manufacturing centers, tourist destinations, and agroprocessing sites. Investment is justified as most urban infrastructure projects are considered public goods and are expected to generate positive economic externalities. However, municipal and town governments often lack financing and institutional capacity to prepare and implement large projects.

The proposed projects aim to help promote balanced and environmentally sustainable urbanization; narrow the urban-rural gap; and improve production, employment, and living conditions in small cities and towns in each of three project provinces (Hebei, Liaoning, and Shanxi). The projects will support the development of selected small cities and towns in the three provinces that will have a demonstration effect for other small cities and towns in the three provinces and elsewhere in the PRC. The projects will assist the provincial and local governments in developing an approach and criteria for selecting and prioritizing small cities and towns with potential for employment generation and economic growth, and those suffering from environmental blight, and will specifically seek to improve technical and financial sustainability within selected sectors. Institutional strengthening and operational know-how, supported by strength in financial management with the introduction or strengthening of market-based mechanisms for public utilities and services, will form the cornerstone of the projects. Developing markets and creating jobs by supporting urbanization and protecting the environment in small cities and towns are in line with ADB's strategic objective of promoting growth with equity in the PRC.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location The Project will cover about 15-20 small cities and towns in each of the three provinces - Hebei, Liaoning and Shanxi.
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A total of 143 person-months of international and national consulting services will be engaged through a firm in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants based on the quality and cost-based selection method. The consultants will have expertise in urban development, transport planning and management, water and wastewater engineering, solid waste management, district heating, river and lake hydrology and flood control, historic building works, technical education and vocational training, financial and economic analyses, EIA, resettlement planning and social impact analysis, and institutional capacity development.
Responsible ADB Officer Amy S.P. Leung
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Shaanxi Provincial GovernmentMr. LIU Jinshengzhzhenchuan@vip.163.comShanxi Construction Bureau 235 Jianshe Bei Rd, Taiyuan Shanxi, People
Government of Liaoning ProvinceMr. LIU JinxingLUCRPO@163.comLiaoning Urban Construction Bureau Renewal Project Office 19 Caita St, Shenyang Liaoning, People
Hebei Provincial GovernmentMr. Zhang Zhenchuanszlizhifeng@sina.comHebei Finance Bureau 14 Hua An St, Shijiazhuang Hebei, People
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Mar 2007
Fact Finding 28 May 2007 to 08 Jun 2007
MRM -
Approval 06 Aug 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 18 Apr 2007
Last PDS Update 16 Jul 2009

TA 4959-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Aug 2007 19 Sep 2007 19 Sep 2007 31 Jul 2008 31 Jul 2009 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,700,000.00 0.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,300,000.00 06 Aug 2007 1,608,710.63

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.