The Project is classified as environmental category A. Extensive public consultations involving surveys, meetings with stakeholders, and focus group discussions were undertaken during project preparation. An EIA of the Project was conducted based on the EIAs prepared for the three core subprojects. An SEIA has been prepared and circulated to the ADB Board of Directors and was posted on the ADB website on 2 December 2008. An environmental assessment and management framework (Supplementary Appendix V) was prepared as an instruction manual to assist the Hebei PMO, subproject PMOs, IAs, and local design institutes in the preparation and review of EIA reports and environmental management plans for subsequent subprojects according to ADB requirements. The Project is expected to generate substantial environmental benefits. Wastewater treatment will reduce pollutant discharges
to rivers and groundwater. River improvement will strengthen flood protection, reducing economic loss and public health hazards from flooding. Centralized heating will improve energy efficiency, eliminate a considerable number of small and inefficient boilers, and reduce the quantity of coal
used, reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This Project will have positive effects on climate change, thereby supporting PRC and ADB climate change initiatives. The Project is expected to have no adverse impacts during construction or operation, as mitigation and monitoring plans are in place and the environmental management and institutional capacities of the PMOs and IAs are strengthened by establishing environmental management offices and undertaking a training program on environmental management planning. To manage risk, the Hebei PMO will ensure (i) extensive training in environmental management; (ii) the engagement of qualified project implementation consultants; and (iii) appropriate arrangements for project implementation, monitoring, and mitigation, with ADB conducting project reviews. The Project supports climate change adaptation including (i) incorporation of climatechange issues, such as energy efficient measures, in urban master plans; (ii) comprehensive water management, such as long-term water availability forecasting for new development areas and adopting comprehensive water balance measures during project implementation; (iii) sustainable wastewater and solid waste management including sludge digestion and biogas extraction; and (iv) promotion of clean energy for more efficient central heating.
The scope of the Project impact is determined mainly by the results of the measurement surveys as part of the feasibility study reports. The physical and economic displacements identified show that the construction of the three core subprojects will affect 37 households or 196 people with permanent land acquisition, 30 households or 137 people with the demolition of residential structures, and four small shops with 13 employees. In total, 173 mu, or 11.5 hectares (ha), of land will be acquired permanently, 162 mu, or 10.8 ha, of which is cultivated land. Along with land acquisition, 582 square meters (m2) of residences and 624 m2 of other buildings will be demolished, affecting 30 households and 137 people and relocating four small shops with 13 employees. In addition, associated productive assets, ground attachments, and basic infrastructure and facilities will also be affected.
The resettlement plan and compensation for permanent land loss is based on Document 28: State Council Decision to Deepen Reform and Strictly Enforce Land Administration of October2004, the Land Administration Law of the People's Republic of China of 1998 (updated in 2004), and the Hebei Provincial Implementation Regulation of Land Administration Law of 1999. The resettlement plan and compensation for demolished buildings is based on national, provincial, and municipal urban housing administration regulations. Consultations with local governments and affected people and general practice in Zhengding, Zhaoxian, and Bazhou guided the adoption of a set of compensation standards by city project management offices (PMOs) and implementing agencies (IAs).
|During Project Design
||Extensive consultation was carried out during project processing phase. Stakeholder analysis was conducted during the poverty and social assessment. Various methods and approaches were employed, including participatory rural assessment, a socioeconomic sample survey of 400 households, four stakeholder consultation meetings and workshops, 15 focus group discussions, and 14 key informant interviews.The poverty and social assessment identified vulnerable groups and opportunities for pro-poor interventions and recommended social action measures and participation and mitigation plans to achieve social benefits. The poverty and social assessment indicates that rapid urbanization confronts Hebei Province with such development issues as the inadequate availability of public services for growing populations and severe air, river, groundwater, and solid waste pollution. The Project aims to address these issues and meet the demands of the residents by improving water supply, wastewater and solid waste collection and treatment, heating systems, and river management.