||Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism - Tranche 3
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Loan 3223-IND: Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism - Tranche 3|
|Ordinary capital resources
||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector
- Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Other urban services
- Renovation and protection of cultural heritage
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Effective gender mainstreaming
||ADB and the Government of India are working together promote tourism in rural areas in order to benefit the poor. The Infrastructure Development Investment Program for Tourism is making rural tourist destinations more visitor friendly with improved water facilities, upgraded restrooms and sanitation systems, new signs and street lights, and more efficient garbage disposal methods. The program is helping state governments build the basic infrastructure for tourism while encouraging private companies to provide services and facilities. Work is also being done to help manage India''s many heritage sites and to encourage greater local community participation tourist activities. This includes an emphasis on bring tourism-related facilities to remote communities. The program is primarily focused on the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttarakhand (the three main states of the North West Himalayan Heritage Circuit) and Tamil Nadu (the anchor state of the South Heritage Circuit). As a result of the program, the Government of India hopes to see a 50% increase in tourism-related employment in the participating states, as well as a 30% increase in the contribution of tourism to the states' gross domestic product.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||India has enjoyed high economic growth in the last decade but it is still struggling to transfer that prosperity to the poorest and most vulnerable members of society. Some parts of the country, and some people, are experiencing unprecedented wealth while others are struggling to survive. People in the cities are enjoying India's economic boom much more than those in the countryside. Traditionally, governments try to address rural poverty by investing in agriculture and India has pursued this strategy as well. But the Government of India, and its partners, have also recognized that tourism is another important option for bringing more prosperity to the countryside. India is already a popular tourist destination. Increasing the attractiveness and efficiency of the tourist sites in the country will further increase its popularity. This will create jobs and economic opportunities for people living in the rural areas that host many of the countries tourist sites.
||increased volume of domestic and international tourists to destinations within the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttarakhand.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
||No significant impacts are anticipated. Initial environmental examinations (IEEs) with environmental management plans (EMPs) were prepared for sample subprojects in accordance with ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS), 2009. All subprojects are consistent with existing natural area management plans, where relevant, and impacts during construction and operation can be avoided and/or mitigated through measures identified in the EMPs. The IEEs will form part of the bidding and contract documents and monitored during implementation. Each state demonstrated good capacity from previous tranche implementation, and will continue to receive consultant support to ensure sufficient monitoring of environmental impacts.
||One RP was prepared for Himachal Pradesh to address temporary livelihood impacts to 180 shop tenants and permanent impacts to 2 shop tenants currently using government-owned shops along the road right-of-way for their business. In Uttarakhand, two RPs were prepared to address temporary livelihood impacts to 213 shop tenants and 32 mobile vendors temporarily affected and permanent impacts to 5 shop owners due to works in Haridwar and and Kartikeya Swami. The RPs were prepared in consultation with the affected people and will be updated and finalized during detailed engineering design. Safeguard reporting to ADB will be done on a semi-annual basis.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design
||The project was designed using a participatory approach and included consultations with the communities along the various destinations. The gender and development consultant in the PMCs carried out discussions with key informants at the subproject locations including heads of panchayats (villages), management committee of the cultural and religious tourist destinations, heads of local associations, shopkeepers etc. The results were discussed with the government departments at the state consultative meetings towards selecting subprojects. These were further discussed in the national workshop with the central government wherein the subproject components were discussed for four participating states.
|During Project Implementation
||The community participation and community mobilization NGO recruited under the project will organize and conduct workshops, focus group discussions, seminars, meetings and households surveys to promote people's participation and identify their needs, priorities and preferences through participatory approaches. Consultation and participation of local communities in the subproject areas their leaders, line agencies, and PMU representatives will be an integral part of the overall mobilization and community participation plan.