||Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))
||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Loan 2632-PRC: Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))|
|Ordinary capital resources
||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
|Sector / Subsector
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
- Agro-industry, marketing, and trade
- Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Some gender elements
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
|Description of Outcome
|Progress Toward Outcome
||-- Construction of 62 MLBGPs have started. Up to now, the construction of 42 MLBGPs has practically been completed . Among which, 5 out of 7 (planned total) centralized biogas plants supported by GEF have started construction. 2 MLBGPs have achieved grid connections and started electricity generation. It is noted that there has been additional 30 projects that have been dropped out since the loan review mission in 2014, and the total number has been reduced from 99 to 62 sub-projects.
|Description of Project Outputs
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
||Has been reduced to 62 MLBGPs. Up to now, the construction of 42 MLBGPs has practically been completed. Among which, 5 out of 7 (planned total) centralized biogas plants have started construction. The volume of digesters in total reached 60,525 m3, the volume of biogas holders reached 16,227 m3 in total and the capacity of generators reached 4,605Kw. By the end of 2015, there are about 29 tons of biogas sludge being used, reducing the chemical fertilizer usage by farmers in JX. SD has finished 241.2 Mu of the eco-farming construction. HN has started 700 Mu of the eco-farming construction. It is expected that about 85% of biogas plants supply sludge to nearby farms as organic fertilizer and reduce the use of chemical fertilizer by 50% by the end of 2016.
||The project provinces include Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangxi, and Shandong
The Project is expected to produce a number of environmental benefits. Each year, the Project will reduce about 7.44 million tons of livestock and agroprocessing waste; and produce about 77 million m3 of biogas, which can be used for electricity, cooking, and heating; and replace fossil fuel or fuelwood. The subprojects will also produce about 5.09 million tons of organic fertilizers for eco-farming each year, which will help sequestrate carbon in the soil humus and improve soil fertility. The Project is estimated to result in an annual GHG reduction of 1 million tons of CO2 equivalent because of the reduction of methane emissions from livestock farms and replacement of fossil fuel by methane gas. Subprojects that qualify for CDM financing will avail of CER revenues.
Only minor construction and operational impacts are expected, which can be mitigated or prevented to acceptable levels by applying adequate construction and maintenance practices. Possible adverse environmental impacts during construction and operation of the subproject facilities including soil erosion, surface runoff and foul odor from application of biogas residues, noise, and fire hazards may arise, but they are expected to be localized and temporary. Mitigation measures, institutional arrangements, environmental monitoring and management mechanisms, capacity development, and public consultations have been proposed. The adverse environmental impacts are assessed to be insignificant.
||All subprojects will take place within the existing land owned by the agro-enterprises. Hence, no land acquisition and resettlement is required.
||No subproject is located in a minority autonomous area, and no ethnic minorities were identified in the subproject sites. Therefore, no risks are envisaged to indigenous people.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design
||The project will help about 118 livestock farms and agro-enterprises improve their waste treatment to meet national standards. In addition, about 65,200 households, of which about 4,500 are poor households, will benefit from improved environmental and health conditions. About 7.0 million tons of waste will be treated, and about 92 million kilowatt-hours of electricity and an equivalent amount of heat energy will be produced and used each year, which will save about 76,000 tons of coal. About 1,500 poor households will have access to cheaper electricity. The project will also contribute to the reduction of methane gas, a GHG, by about 1 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent each year. About 4,900 temporary jobs will be created during construction, increasing people's income by CNY4,000 on average; and over 1,400 new jobs will be generated during biogas plant operation, with a per capita income of about CNY13,000. About 9,000 poor households will use the organic fertilizers from the biogas plants and benefit from savings on chemical fertilizers and incremental revenue from the sales of organic products from eco-farming. The agro-enterprises' production capacity is also expected to expand after the completion of the biogas plants and will benefit over 27,000 new contract farmers from the sales of livestock to these enterprises. Each contract farmer's annual household income could be as high as CNY44,200, compared with breeding farmers' average household income of CNY16,500. The project will also provide clean energy to about 41,000 households and improve their energy consumption by replacing straw, wood, or coal, which will protect the environment and reduce women's workload and health hazards. Some enterprises plan to supply low-priced electricity and gas to neighboring villagers, which will improve farmers' access to energy.
|During Project Implementation
||Public consultation and participation, which have been key elements of the project design, will continue during the project implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. Through continued consultation and participation, the project aims to (i) meet the evolving needs and expectations of the beneficiaries, (ii) increase the awareness of the public about the benefits of the project, (iii) encourage the active involvement of local communities to maximize their support for the project, and (iv) raise the social acceptance of the project.
|Responsible ADB Officer
|Responsible ADB Department
||East Asia Department
|Responsible ADB Division
||PRC Resident Mission
Ministry of Agriculture
11 Nong Zhan Guan
Nan Li, Beijing
People's Republic of China
Department of Agriculture-Heilongjiang Province
No. 204, Rd. ZhongShan, Harbin City,
Heilongjiang Province, PRC
Dept of Agriculture-Shandong Provincial Department
No. 07 Main Street East, Shi Mu Yuan
Lixia District, Jinan City, Shandong
Department of Agriculture-Henan Provincial Environ
No. 27 Nongye Road, Zhengzhou City,
Henan Province, PRC
Dept of Agriculture-Foreign Office of Jiangxi Prov
No. 02 Provincial Government Dayuan Rd.
East, Beijing Rd. West Nanchang, Jiangxi