China, People's Republic of: Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))

Sovereign Project | 40682-013

Summary

The project will improve the performance of the biogas subsector through the demonstration of an integrated renewable biomass energy system in the poor rural areas of Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangxi, and Shandong provinces, where the densities of livestock are almost triple the national average and the pollution problems from livestock farms and agro-enterprises are severe. There are 66 national poverty counties and 131 provincial poverty counties in the four participating provinces, with a poor population of about 9 million. About 43% of the project's subprojects are located in these poor counties.

The project consists of four components: (i) sustainable development and demonstration of commercial practices of medium- and large-scale biogas plants (MLBGPs), (ii) effective utilization of biogas sludge in eco-farming, (iii) capacity development for improved sector performance, and (iv) project implementation support.

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Project Name Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))
Project Number 40682-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0202-PRC: Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))
Clean Energy Fund - Multi-Donor US$ 3.00 million
Grant 0203-PRC: Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))
Global Environment Facility US$ 9.20 million
Loan 2632-PRC: Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project (formerly Rural Energy and Ecosystem Rehabilitation (Phase II))
Ordinary capital resources US$ 66.08 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade
Energy - Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The project will improve the performance of the biogas subsector through the demonstration of an integrated renewable biomass energy system in the poor rural areas of Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangxi, and Shandong provinces, where the densities of livestock are almost triple the national average and the pollution problems from livestock farms and agro-enterprises are severe. There are 66 national poverty counties and 131 provincial poverty counties in the four participating provinces, with a poor population of about 9 million. About 43% of the project's subprojects are located in these poor counties.

The project consists of four components: (i) sustainable development and demonstration of commercial practices of medium- and large-scale biogas plants (MLBGPs), (ii) effective utilization of biogas sludge in eco-farming, (iii) capacity development for improved sector performance, and (iv) project implementation support.

The project will assist about 118 medium-sized and large livestock farms and agro-enterprises in constructing biogas plants, and introduce a new technical specification to the plant design. The new specification involves the installation of high-temperature flares in the MLBGPs to minimize the methane gas emissions during maintenance and emergency this has been a common standard in developed countries but not yet in the PRC. The project will also demonstrate business models of centralized biogas plant systems to improve their cost-effectiveness, and technical and environmental performances; and assist 25 subprojects to overcome barriers to connect to local power grids to maximize the benefits of biogas power generation. The project will also support subprojects in manufacturing of bio-fertilizers from the biogas sludge and in eco-farming to achieve the government's goal of circular economy, which is to reuse and recycle organic waste in rural areas, and improve livelihoods in the project area.

Capacity development activities will be carried out to (i) strengthen technical service systems and human resources for biogas plant design, operation, and maintenance in the participating provinces; (ii) demonstrate best design and operational practices of MLBGPs; and (iii) develop a performance monitoring system to improve the subsector performance. The project will also support the MLBGPs in connecting and selling electricity to the local power grids. The revenue of the power sale will help improve the financial viability of the MLBGPs.

The project will provide consulting services to assist in the review of subproject preparation and implementation to ensure timely and effective project implementation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

With increasing industrialization and improving living standards, the PRC's overall demand for energy has risen rapidly, posing severe concerns about energy supply and environmental protection. Rural energy consumption is increasing at a rate of 2.6% annually. Meanwhile, livestock breeding and agro-industries have been developing rapidly and are gradually changing from small household farms into medium-sized and large commercialized farms. The number of medium-sized and large livestock farms reached more than 19,740 in 2007, but only about 43% were equipped with waste treatment facilities. It was estimated that livestock waste will reach about 5.21 billion tons by 2010, and 6.76 billion tons by 2020. Because of the high concentration of organic materials in the waste, anaerobic digestion is an effective technology to manage the livestock waste, while generating substantial renewable energy to help relieve energy shortage. According to the 2007 Medium- and Long-Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy in China of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), about 10,000 large-scale biogas plants will be set up on large livestock farms by 2020, and the annual biogas yield from MLBGPs will be as high as 14 billion cubic meters (m3) per year. As of 2007, it was estimated that about 1,646 large-scale and 6,930 medium-scale biogas plants had been constructed; and the annual biogas production was reaching 800 million m3.

The government has established a comprehensive policy and strategic framework on renewable energy development, and has been promoting the construction of biogas plants since the early 1990s to (i) tackle the environmental pollution problems of the livestock farms and agro-industries, (ii) use biogas as an alternative fuel to replace fossil fuel and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in rural areas, and (iii) reuse the sludge and effluent from the biogas plants in eco-farming to accomplish a circular economy. The project will adopt a sector loan approach to supporting the government and the four provinces in the expansion of the rural biomass renewable energy system. The project also complements the government's stimulus package on biogas plant development to boost the construction of biogas plants, provide training to biogas engineers and technicians, and increase jobs to maintain social stability in rural areas.

Impact Improved rural environmental management and access to biogas energy
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved efficiency of rural biomass renewable energy system and rural social benefits
Progress Toward Outcome -- Construction of 61 MLBGPs have started. Up to now, the construction of 41 MLBGPs has practically been completed . Among which, 5 out of 7 (planned total) centralized biogas plants supported by GEF have started construction. It is noted that there has been additional 30 projects that have been dropped out since the loan review mission in 2014, and the total number has been reduced from 99 to 69 sub-projects.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

The project consists of four components: (i) sustainable development and demonstration of commercial practices of medium- and large-scale biogas plants (MLBGPs), (ii) effective utilization of biogas sludge in eco-farming, (iii) capacity development for improved sector performance, and (iv) project implementation support.

Output 1: Sustainable development and demonstration of commercial practices of MLBGPs

Output 2: Effective utilization of biogas sludge in eco-farming

Output 3: Capacity development for improved sector performance

Output 4: Project implementation support

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Has been reduced to 69 MLBGPs. Up to now, the construction of 41 MLBGPs has practically been completed. Among which, 5 out of 7 (planned total) centralized biogas plants have started construction. The volume of digesters in total reached 60,525 m3, the volume of biogas holders reached 16,227 m3 in total and the capacity of generators reached 4,605Kw. It is expected that about 85% of biogas plants supply sludge to nearby farms as organic fertilizer and reduce the use of chemical fertilizer by 50% by the end of 2015.
Geographical Location The project provinces include Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangxi, and Shandong
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The Project is expected to produce a number of environmental benefits. Each year, the Project will reduce about 7.44 million tons of livestock and agroprocessing waste; and produce about 77 million m3 of biogas, which can be used for electricity, cooking, and heating; and replace fossil fuel or fuelwood. The subprojects will also produce about 5.09 million tons of organic fertilizers for eco-farming each year, which will help sequestrate carbon in the soil humus and improve soil fertility. The Project is estimated to result in an annual GHG reduction of 1 million tons of CO2 equivalent because of the reduction of methane emissions from livestock farms and replacement of fossil fuel by methane gas. Subprojects that qualify for CDM financing will avail of CER revenues.

Only minor construction and operational impacts are expected, which can be mitigated or prevented to acceptable levels by applying adequate construction and maintenance practices. Possible adverse environmental impacts during construction and operation of the subproject facilities including soil erosion, surface runoff and foul odor from application of biogas residues, noise, and fire hazards may arise, but they are expected to be localized and temporary. Mitigation measures, institutional arrangements, environmental monitoring and management mechanisms, capacity development, and public consultations have been proposed. The adverse environmental impacts are assessed to be insignificant.

Involuntary Resettlement All subprojects will take place within the existing land owned by the agro-enterprises. Hence, no land acquisition and resettlement is required.
Indigenous Peoples No subproject is located in a minority autonomous area, and no ethnic minorities were identified in the subproject sites. Therefore, no risks are envisaged to indigenous people.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project will help about 118 livestock farms and agro-enterprises improve their waste treatment to meet national standards. In addition, about 65,200 households, of which about 4,500 are poor households, will benefit from improved environmental and health conditions. About 7.0 million tons of waste will be treated, and about 92 million kilowatt-hours of electricity and an equivalent amount of heat energy will be produced and used each year, which will save about 76,000 tons of coal. About 1,500 poor households will have access to cheaper electricity. The project will also contribute to the reduction of methane gas, a GHG, by about 1 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent each year. About 4,900 temporary jobs will be created during construction, increasing people's income by CNY4,000 on average; and over 1,400 new jobs will be generated during biogas plant operation, with a per capita income of about CNY13,000. About 9,000 poor households will use the organic fertilizers from the biogas plants and benefit from savings on chemical fertilizers and incremental revenue from the sales of organic products from eco-farming. The agro-enterprises' production capacity is also expected to expand after the completion of the biogas plants and will benefit over 27,000 new contract farmers from the sales of livestock to these enterprises. Each contract farmer's annual household income could be as high as CNY44,200, compared with breeding farmers' average household income of CNY16,500. The project will also provide clean energy to about 41,000 households and improve their energy consumption by replacing straw, wood, or coal, which will protect the environment and reduce women's workload and health hazards. Some enterprises plan to supply low-priced electricity and gas to neighboring villagers, which will improve farmers' access to energy.
During Project Implementation Public consultation and participation, which have been key elements of the project design, will continue during the project implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. Through continued consultation and participation, the project aims to (i) meet the evolving needs and expectations of the beneficiaries, (ii) increase the awareness of the public about the benefits of the project, (iii) encourage the active involvement of local communities to maximize their support for the project, and (iv) raise the social acceptance of the project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The consultants will be recruited in line with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement of goods and works will be carried out following ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Each subborrower will engage the services of a qualified tendering agency to carry out the procurement under the supervision and guidance of the respective PIO.
Responsible ADB Officer Lanlan Lu
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture11 Nong Zhan Guan
Nan Li, Beijing
People's Republic of China
Department of Agriculture-Heilongjiang ProvinceLiu ChangjunHLJXGK@126.COMNo. 204, Rd. ZhongShan, Harbin City,
Heilongjiang Province, PRC
Dept of Agriculture-Shandong Provincial DepartmentLi YiguoZHANGDEXIN@SDNY.GOV.CNNo. 07 Main Street East, Shi Mu Yuan
Lixia District, Jinan City, Shandong
Province, PRC
Dept of Agriculture-Foreign Office of Jiangxi ProvCai XunzhiGUINHUAKE@YAHOO.COM.CNNo. 02 Provincial Government Dayuan Rd.
East, Beijing Rd. West Nanchang, Jiangxi
Province, PRC
Department of Agriculture-Henan Provincial EnvironLuo ShifengLUOSF0109@163.COMNo. 27 Nongye Road, Zhengzhou City,
Henan Province, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Mar 2009
Fact Finding 02 Mar 2009 to 06 Mar 2009
MRM 04 Jun 2009
Approval 16 Apr 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 02 Apr 2009
Last PDS Update 25 Mar 2015

Grant 0202-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Apr 2010 30 Jun 2010 27 Oct 2010 30 Jun 2016 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 16 Apr 2010 0.00 2.07 69%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.00 16 Apr 2010 0.00 0.79 26%

Grant 0203-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Apr 2010 30 Jun 2010 27 Oct 2010 30 Jun 2016 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 9.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 16 Apr 2010 0.00 3.97 43%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 9.20 16 Apr 2010 0.00 1.81 20%

Loan 2632-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Apr 2010 17 Jun 2010 15 Oct 2010 30 Jun 2016 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 135.74 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 66.08 16 Apr 2010 43.73 0.00 66%
Counterpart 69.66 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Apr 2010 23.10 0.00 35%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
IRBEDP - Jiangxi Province Noncore Subproject - Xiangxin Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd (Yujiang County): Summary Initial Environmental Examination Summary Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2014
Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project: Summary Initial Environmental Examination Summary Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2014
IRBEDP - Jiangxi Province Noncore Subproject -Taihua Livestock Industry Company: Summary Initial Environmental Examination Summary Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2014
IRBEDP - Jiangxi Province Noncore Subproject - Xinglong Livestock Industry Development Co., Ltd: Summary Initial Environmental Examination Summary Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2014
IRBEDP - Jiangxi Province Noncore Subproject - Jiangxi Huanxin Eco-farming Tech. Shareholding Co., Ltd: Summary Initial Environmental Examination Summary Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2013
Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project: Non-core Subprojects of Jiangxi Province Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2012
Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project: Non-core Subprojects of Henan Province Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2009
Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project: Non-core Subprojects of Heilongjiang Province Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2009
Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project: Non-core Subprojects of Shandong Province Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2009
Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2008

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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